Salem Municipality

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Salems kommun
Municipality
Coat of arms of Salems kommun
Coat of arms
Salem Municipality in Stockholm County.png
Country Sweden
County Stockholm County
Seat Salem
Area[1]
 • Total 71.09 km2 (27.45 sq mi)
 • Land 54.09 km2 (20.88 sq mi)
 • Water 17 km2 (7 sq mi)
  Area as of January 1, 2014.
Population (December 31, 2013)[2]
 • Total 16,001
 • Density 230/km2 (580/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code SE
Province Södermanland
Municipal code 0128
Website www.salem.se
Density is calculated using land area only.

Salem Municipality (Salems kommun) is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. The name traces its origins from Slaem in the 16th century, but was later changed to Salem, the Biblical name of Jerusalem. Its seat is located in Salem.

History[edit]

Like the rest of the areas around Lake Mälaren, Salem has a significant amount of ancient remains, as far back as the Stone Age. The church of Salem traces its foundation to the 12th century.

Just like its eastern municipal neighbour Botkyrka, Salem traces its history back to the legendary Saint Botvid, who lived in the area sometime between 1050-1120. In the medieval tradition, a spring would always be found in connection to the death of a saint. According to legend, when the remains of Saint Botvid were transported to the church in today's Botkyrka, the casket was temporarily put down near the shore of Lake Bornsjön, where a spring poured up. It continues to provide clear water to this day.

Today[edit]

Salem was united with the municipality of Botkyrka during the Swedish municipal reform between 1971-1974. However, in 1983, after energetic protests, they were split apart, and Salem became the 14th smallest municipality by area in the country.

Salem is served by one station, Rönninge, on the commuter train line between Södertälje and Märsta via Stockholm. There are also a good network of bus lines.

The number of people in Salem is about 30% less during day time due to that it has the biggest percentage of people in Stockholm county that work outside own municipal. [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (Microsoft Excel) (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  2. ^ "SCB, Befolkningsstatistik 31 December 2013" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved April 2014. 
  3. ^ Stockholm County Administrative Board May 2013

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°12′N 17°46′E / 59.200°N 17.767°E / 59.200; 17.767