The Salem Observer (1823-1919) was a weekly newspaper published in Salem, Massachusetts. Among the editors: J.D.H. Gauss, Benj. Lynde Oliver, Gilbert L. Streeter, Joseph Gilbert Waters. Contributors included Wilson Flagg, Stephen B. Ives Jr., Edwin Jocelyn, E.M. Stone, Solomon S. Whipple. Publishers included Francis A. Fielden, Stephen B. Ives, William Ives, George W. Pease, Horace S. Traill. In the 1880s Elmira S. Cleaveland and Hattie E. Dennis worked as compositors. Its office was located in "'Messrs P. & A. Chase's ... brick building in Washington Street'" (1826-1832) and the Stearns Building (1832-1882). "In 1882 the proprietors erected the Observer Building, of three stories, of brick, in Kinsman Place next to the City Hall." As of the 1870s, one critic noted that although "the Observer is supposed to be neutral in politics, ... it has always shown unmistakable signs of a strong republican tendency."
- The Observer, 1823-1823
- Salem Observer, 1824-1825, 1828-1896
- Salem Literary & Commercial Observer, 1825-1827
- Saturday Evening Observer, 1896-1919
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- Edwin M. Bacon, Richard Herndon, ed. (1896), Men of progress: one thousand biographical sketches and portraits of leaders in business and professional life in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Boston: New England Magazine
- Gilbert Lewis Streeter (1856), An account of the newspapers and other periodicals published in Salem from 1768 to 1856, Salem: W. Ives and G.W. Pease, printers
- The Salem directory, Boston, Mass: Sampson, Murdock, 1886
- Historical sketch of Salem, 1626-1879, Salem: Essex Institute, 1879, OCLC 4198133
- D. Hamilton Hurd (1888), History of Essex County, Massachusetts, Philadelphia: J. W. Lewis & Co., OCLC 3106590
- Charles H. Webber (1877), Old Naumkeag, Salem: A. A. Smith & company, OCLC 2667812
- Library of Congress. "The observer] : (Salem, Mass.) 1823-1823". Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
- Library of Congress. "Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers". Retrieved 23 April 2012.