Salford (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Salford
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Salford in Greater Manchester for the 2005 general election.
Outline map
Location of Greater Manchester within England.
County Greater Manchester
19972010
Number of members One
Replaced by Salford and Eccles
18321885
Replaced by Salford North, Salford South and Salford West
Created from Lancashire

Salford was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The borough constituency dated from 1997 and was abolished in 2010.

A parliamentary borough of the same name existed from 1832 to 1885. The historic constituency returned two members of parliament from 1868.[1]

Boundaries[edit]

Boundaries 1832–1885[edit]

In 1832 the constituency was formed from the townships of Broughton, Pendleton and Salford, with part of the township of Pendlebury. The exact boundaries were defined in the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832:[2]

From the Northernmost Point at which the Boundary of the Township of Salford meets the Boundary of the Township of Broughton, Northward, along the Boundary of the Township of Broughton, to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the Township of Pendleton; thence, Westward, along the Boundary of the Township of Pendleton to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the detached Portion of the Township of Pendlebury; thence, Southward, along the Boundary of the detached Portion of the Township of Pendlebury to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the Township of Salford; thence, Westward, along the Boundary of the Township of Salford to the Point first described.

In 1883 the detached portion of Pendlebury was absorbed by Pendleton.[1]

Boundaries 1997–2010[edit]

The constituency was re-created for the 1997 election. It boundaries were defined by the Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995, and consisted of eight wards of the City of Salford: Blackfriars, Broughton, Claremont, Kersal, Langworthy, Ordsall, Pendleton, and Weaste & Seedley.[3]

A very safe Labour seat which had some of the UK's most deprived areas, typified by council estates like Ordsall, Pendleton and Langworthy, which are now due for apparent redevelopment. Higher Broughton has a considerable Jewish population and has some very decent residential housing, but even here Labour are usually in the lead at local level; the Conservatives, like all the other neighbouring Manchester seats, are now in third place in General Elections.

Boundary Review[edit]

Following its review of parliamentary representation in Greater Manchester the Boundary Commission for England recommended that Salford be split into three new constituencies and this was enacted in 2010:

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1832–1868[edit]

Election Member [4] Party
1832 Joseph Brotherton Liberal
1857 by-election Edward Ryley Langworthy Liberal
1857 William Nathaniel Massey Liberal
1865 John Cheetham Liberal
Representation increased to two members 1868

MPs 1868–1885[edit]

Election 1st Member [4] 1st Party 2nd Member[4] 2nd Party
1868 Charles Edward Cawley Conservative William Thomas Charley Conservative
1877 by-election Oliver Ormerod Walker Conservative
1880 Benjamin Armitage Liberal Arthur Arnold Liberal
1885 Parliamentary borough split into three single-member divisions: see Salford North, Salford South, Salford West

MPs 1997–2010[edit]

Election Member [4] Party
1997 Hazel Blears Labour
2010 Constituency abolished: see Salford and Eccles

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Salford
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hazel Blears 13,007 57.6 −7.5
Liberal Democrat Norman J. Owen 5,062 22.4 +6.2
Conservative Miss Laetitia M. Cash 3,440 15.2 −0.1
UKIP Mrs. Lisa A. Duffy 1,091 4.8 +4.8
Majority 7,945 35.2
Turnout 22,600 42.4 −6.6
Labour hold Swing −6.9
General Election 2001: Salford
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hazel Blears 14,649 65.1 −3.9
Liberal Democrat Norman J. Owen 3,637 16.2 +5.9
Conservative Christopher John King 3,446 15.3 −2.1
Socialist Alliance Peter Michael Grant 414 1.8 N/A
Independent Miss Sheilah Hazel Wallace 216 1.0 N/A
Independent Roy Masterson 152 0.7 N/A
Majority 11,012 48.9
Turnout 22,514 41.6 −14.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Salford
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hazel Blears 22,848 69.0 N/A
Conservative Elliot Bishop 5,779 17.5 N/A
Liberal Democrat Norman J. Owen 3,407 10.3 N/A
Referendum Party Robert W. Cumpsty 926 2.8 N/A
Natural Law Mrs. Susan Herman 162 0.5 N/A
Majority 17,069 51.5 N/A
Turnout 33,122 56.3 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1991). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.2: Northern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-86193-127-0. 
  2. ^ 1832 c.64, schedule "O"
  3. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/1626)". Office of Public Sector Information. 1995. Retrieved 2009-04-12. 
  4. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]