Salhouse Village Sign
Salhouse shown within Norfolk
|Area||8.96 km2 (3.46 sq mi)|
|– density||163 /km2 (420 /sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||East of England|
|EU Parliament||East of England|
Salhouse is a village and civil parish in the Broads in the English county of Norfolk. It lies south of the River Bure and Salhouse Broad, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north-east of Norwich. The civil parish has an area of 8.96 km2 (3.46 sq mi) and in the 2001 census had a population of 1,462 in 604 households. For the purposes of local government, the parish falls within the district of Broadland although areas adjoining the river and broad fall into the executive area of the Broads Authority.
Salhouse All Saints church, which is thatched and believed to date mainly from the 14th century (little remaining of an older chapel on the site), stands on a hill beside the Salhouse-Wroxham Road (B1140). The church contains among other features an oak rood screen, a unique sacring bell which hangs in the chancel and dates from the reign of Queen Mary, and two coffin lids discovered under the nave floor in 1839 and dated to the 13th century. There is also a red brick Baptist church in Chapel Loke, off Lower Street, which dates from 1802.
Other buildings and facilities
To the west of All Saints Church stands the grade II listed Salhouse Hall, now uninhabited, built in red brick with limestone detailing. Parts of this building may date from the 16th century although it is mostly 18th century with 19th-century Gothic style remodelling. The village also features the Bell Inn, a 17th-century public house and the Lodge Inn, which is located halfway between Salhouse and Wroxham. Salhouse is served by Salhouse railway station, which is on the Bittern Line from Norwich to Cromer and Sheringham and once featured two waiting rooms, although they are no longer in regular use. Salhouse has a post office, Village store and Coffee shop in Lower Street and several other small businesses including kennels, a cattery and a Potter.
The 32-acre Salhouse Broad, lying about half a mile to the north of the village, is privately owned and jointly managed with the local community. It is accessible by boat from the River Bure and via a footpath from the village.
Salhouse is first recorded in 1291 as Salhus. The first element is believed to derive from Old English salh "sallow", a kind of willow. The word still exists in dial. English saugh. Sallow descends itself from OE inflexional salg- (ME salwe).
The second element is the Old English hūs or Old Norse hús "house".
Homonymy with Sahurs (Normandy, Salhus ar. 1024) in the low Seine valley, which shows together with other place-names and anthroponyms in Normandy, that there were Anglo-Saxons among the Danish settlers.
Rackheath Eco Town
During 2008, proposals were made for a very controversial new eco-town, to contain over 3000 homes, to be built in Rackheath and Salhouse. The proposals have attracted much criticism, mainly because it is to be built on a greenfield site, within a mile of The Broads National Park.
- Ordnance Survey (2005). OS Explorer Map OL40 - The Broads. ISBN 0-319-23769-9.
- Office for National Statistics & Norfolk County Council, 2001. Census population and household counts for unparished urban areas and all parishes. Retrieved December 2, 2005.
- "Salhouse: All Saints". Salhouse.churchnorfolk.com. Retrieved 2013-11-30.
- "Home". Salhousevillage.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-11-30.
- "Salhouse Hall, Including Schoolroom and Animal Shelters in Courtyard to North - Salhouse - Norfolk - England". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2013-11-30.
- "Salhousebell.co.uk". Salhousebell.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-11-30.
- "Inn | Guesthouse | En Suite | Weddings | Norfolk". Salhouse Lodge. Retrieved 2013-11-30.
- François de Beaurepaire (préf. Marianne Mulon), Les Noms des communes et anciennes paroisses de la Seine-Maritime, Paris, A. et J. Picard, 1979, p.132.
- De Beaurepaire 132
- T. F. Hoad, English Etymology, Oxford University Press, 1993. p.414.
- "New Rackheath eco-town plans go on show". Rackheath Eco-community. Retrieved 2009-07-19.
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