Salim Rubai Ali

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Salim Rubai Ali
سالم ربيع علي
Al-Hamdi and Salmeen.JPG
President al-Hamdi (right) and President Salim Rubai Ali (left)
Chairmen of the Presidential Council (South Yemen)
In office
22 June 1969 – 26 June 1978
Preceded by Qahtan Muhammad al-Shaabi
Succeeded by Ali Nasir Muhammad
Personal details
Born Circa 1935
Died 26 June 1978
South Yemen
Political party National Liberation Front

Salim Rubai Ali[1] (Arabic: سالم ربيع علي; born ca. 1935 – died 26 June 1978) was the head of state of the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen) from 22 June 1969 until his surrender and execution by firing squad on 26 June 1978. Rubai Ali led the left wing of the National Front for the Liberation of South Yemen] (NF),[2] which forced the British to withdraw from South Arabia on 29 November 1967. Rubai Ali's radicals gained dominance over the more moderate President Qahtan al-Shaabi's elements, allowing Rubai Ali to seize power; he retained the title of Chairman of the Presidential Council throughout his term, even as the NF changed the name of the country from the People's Republic of South Yemen to the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen in 1970.[citation needed]

Rubai Ali's NF joined with other parties in 1975, creating the United Political Organisation NF (التنظيم السياسي الموحد الجبهة القومية), all rival parties were outlawed earlier. He opposed the idea of the Yemeni Socialist Party's (YSP) future creation promoted by Abdul Fattah Ismail. He appointed Muhammad Ali Haitham as his Prime Minister when he became Chairman. Haitham served until August 1971, when he was replaced by Ali Nasir Muhammad. In 1978, Ali Nasir Muhammad overthrew and executed Rubai Ali.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alternate spellings of Salim Rubai Ali's name, including Salim Rubayyi Ali, proekt-wms.narod.ru; accessed 3 December 2014.
  2. ^ National Front for the Liberation of South Yemen (NF) infosite, al-ayyam.info; accessed 3 December 2014.

Links[edit]

Preceded by
Qahtan Muhammad al-Shaabi
Chairmen of the Presidential Council (South Yemen)
22 June 1969–26 June 1978
Succeeded by
Ali Nasir Muhammad