|— City —|
|water tower bearing the city's name on the south-east side of Salina.|
|Motto: Right place. Right reason. Right now.|
|• City manager||Jason Gage|
|• Mayor||Norman Jennings |
|• Total||25.15 sq mi (65.14 km2)|
|• Land||25.11 sq mi (65.03 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)|
|Elevation||1,224 ft (373 m)|
|• Estimate (2011)||47,910|
|• Density||1,899.9/sq mi (733.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0476808|
Salina (pron.: //) is a city in and the county seat of Saline County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 47,707. Located in one of the world's largest wheat-producing areas, Salina is a regional trade center for north-central Kansas. Salina is also the principal city of the Salina, Kansas micropolitan statistical area.
Settlers led by journalist and lawyer William A. Phillips founded Salina in 1858. In the next two years, the territorial legislature chartered the town company, organized the surrounding area as Saline County, and named Salina the county seat. The westernmost town on the Smoky Hill Trail, Salina established itself as a trading post for westbound immigrants, prospectors bound for Pikes Peak, and area Native American tribes. The town's growth halted with the outbreak of the American Civil War when much of the male population left to join the U.S. Army. In 1862, local residents fended off Native American raiders only to fall victim to a second assault by bushwhackers later that year. Growth returned with the soldiers after the war, and with the arrival of the Kansas Pacific Railway in 1867 the town expanded rapidly. Salina was incorporated as a city in 1870.
The cattle trade arrived in 1872, transforming Salina into a cowtown. The trade brought the city further prosperity, but also a rowdy culture that agitated local residents, who relocated westward just two years later. During the 1870s, wheat became the dominant crop in the area, steam-powered flour mills were built, and agriculture became the engine of the local economy. In 1874, Salina resident E. R. Switzer introduced alfalfa to area farmers, and its cultivation began to spread throughout the state. By 1880, the city was an area industrial center with several mills, a carriage and wagon factory, and a farm implement works. Salina was also the location of the first garment factory of jeans maker Lee which opened in 1889. Over the following decade, three railroads were built through the city. The success of the wholesale and milling industries drove Salina's growth into the early 1900s such that, at one point, it was the third-largest producer in the state and the sixth-largest in the United States.
In 1943, the U.S. Army established Smoky Hill Army Airfield southwest of the city. The installation served as a base for strategic bomber units throughout World War II. Renamed Smoky Hill Air Force Base in 1948, the base closed the following year only to be reopened in 1951 as Schilling Air Force Base, part of Strategic Air Command. The re-opening of the base triggered an economic boom in Salina, causing the city's population to increase by nearly two-thirds during the 1950s. The U.S. Department of Defense closed the base permanently in 1965, but the city of Salina subsequently acquired it and converted it into Salina Municipal Airport and an industrial park. This led to substantial industrial development, attracting firms such as Beechcraft, and made manufacturing a primary driver of the local economy.
Salina is located at  It lies in the Smoky Hills region of the Great Plains approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) west-southwest of the confluence of the Saline and Smoky Hill Rivers. The Smoky Hill River runs north then northeast through the eastern part of the city; the Saline River flows southeast immediately north of the city. Mulberry Creek, a tributary of the Saline, flows northeast through the far northern part of the city. Located in north-central Kansas at the intersection of Interstate 70 and Interstate 135, Salina is approximately 81 miles (130 km) north of Wichita and 164 miles (264 km) west of Kansas City.(38.824267, −97.607205) at an elevation of 1,224 feet (373 m).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.15 square miles (65.14 km2), of which, 25.11 square miles (65.03 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.
Salina lies in the transition between the humid subtropical (Köppen Cfa and humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa) zones, with hot, humid summers and cold, dry winters, and an average relative humidity of 64%. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 31.0 °F (−0.6 °C) in January to 81.1 °F (27.3 °C) in July. There are 14.6 days of 100 °F (38 °C)+ highs, 62.6 days of 90 °F (32 °C)+ highs, and 3.8 nights with sub-0 °F (−18 °C) lows annually. Precipitation averages 32.2 in (818 mm) per year, and snowfall averages 18.4 inches (47 cm) per year. Extreme temperatures range from 117 °F (47 °C) on August 12, 1936 down to −31 °F (−35 °C) on February 13, 1905.
Salina is also prone to severe thunderstorms, which produce damaging winds, hail, and tornadoes. On September 25, 1973, a tornado measuring F3 passed through the southeast part of town, injuring six people, destroying two houses and the Sundowner East trailer park. On June 11, 2008, another EF3 tornado passed on the south side of the town, severely damaging several buildings.
|Climate data for Salina Municipal Airport (KSLN)|
|Record high °F (°C)||78
|Average high °F (°C)||41.6
|Average low °F (°C)||20.5
|Record low °F (°C)||−28
|Precipitation inches (mm)||0.80
|Snowfall inches (cm)||6.7
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||5.2||5.2||7.6||8.5||10.6||9.6||7.9||7.7||6.9||6.4||5.3||5.3||86.1|
|Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||3.4||1.7||1.1||0.3||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.2||0.9||1.9||9.4|
|Source: National Weather Service |
2010 census 
As of the 2010 census, there were 47,707 people, 19,391 households, and 12,024 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,092.4 people per square mile (807.9/km²). There were 20,803 housing units at an average density of 916.4 per square mile (353.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.2% White, 3.7% African American, 2.3% Asian, 0.5% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.8% from some other race, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 10.7% of the population.
There were 19,391 households of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.0% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39, and the average family size was 2.99.
The median age in the city was 36.4 years. 25.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.4% were from 25 to 44; 25.3% were from 45 to 64; and 14.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.
The median income for a household in the city was $42,027, and the median income for a family was $54,491. Males had a median income of $39,143 versus $28,145 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,253. About 9.3% of families and 13.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.1% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.
2000 census 
As of the census of 2000, there were 45,679 people, 18,523 households, and 11,873 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,009.6 people per square mile (775.9/km²). There were 19,599 housing units at an average density of 862.2 per square mile (332.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.76% White, 3.57% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 1.96% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.78% from other races, and 2.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.71% of the population.
There were 18,523 households, of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.
Manufacturing is the predominant industry in Salina. Agriculture transportation is also a major industry, and Salina's grain elevators are visible from miles away. This agrarian emphasis is even reflected in a local Catholic Church, Sacred Heart Cathedral, which is built in white cylindrical shapes intriguingly like grain silos. However, Salina has several other important employers. The city also has a strong manufacturing base. Tony's Pizza, a Schwan Food Company brand, has operations in Salina. Tony's makes consumer retail frozen pizzas as well as food intended for school cafeterias and other institutions. Additionally, Philips Lighting, Exide Battery, Great Plains Manufacturing (farm equipment), ElDorado National (commercial bus manufacturer) and Asurion Corp. all have a presence in the community.
As of 2010, 71.0% of the population over the age of 16 was in the labor force. 0.4% was in the armed forces, and 70.6% was in the civilian labor force with 66.9% being employed and 3.7% unemployed. The composition, by occupation, of the employed civilian labor force was: 27.2% in management, business, science, and arts; 25.4% in sales and office occupations; 19.4% in service occupations; 9.9% in natural resources, construction, and maintenance; 18.2% in production, transportation, and material moving. The three industries employing the largest percentages of the working civilian labor force were: educational services, health care, and social assistance (21.2%); manufacturing (17.8%); and retail trade (13.1%).
The cost of living in Salina is relatively low; compared to a U.S. average of 100, the cost of living index for the city is 80.9. As of 2010, the median home value in the city was $109,700, the median selected monthly owner cost was $1,070 for housing units with a mortgage and $396 for those without, and the median gross rent was $599.
Salina is a city of the first class with a commission-manager form of government which it adopted in 1921. The city commission consists of five members elected at large, one of whom the commission annually selects to serve as mayor. Commission candidates who receive the most and second most votes are elected for a four-year term; the candidate who receives the third most votes is elected for a two-year term. The commission sets policy and appoints the city manager. The city manager is the city's chief executive, responsible for administering the city government and appointing all city employees.
Salina lies within Kansas's 1st U.S. Congressional District. For the purposes of representation in the Kansas Legislature, the city is located in the 24th district of the Kansas Senate and the 69th, 71st, and 108th districts of the Kansas House of Representatives.
Colleges and universities 
- Brown Mackie College
- Kansas State University - Salina
- Kansas Wesleyan University
- Marymount College (closed in 1989)
- Salina Area Technical College
- Salina Normal University (closed in 1904)
- University of Kansas School of Medicine- Salina
Primary and secondary education 
- St. John's Military School (6-12), male only
- St. Mary's Grade School (Pre-K-6), Catholic school
- Salina Christian Academy (Pre-K-10)
- Sacred Heart Junior-Senior High School (7-12), Catholic school
Racial and Ethnic Distribution of Public Schools in Salina, Kansas
Interstate 70 and U.S. Route 40 run concurrently east-west north of Salina. Interstate 135 and U.S. Route 81 run concurrently north-south along the west side of the city. I-70/I-135 interchange northwest of the city is the northern terminus of I-135. K-140, which approaches Salina from the southwest, formally ends at its interchange with I-135 before entering the city as State Street. North of Salina, the city's main north-south thoroughfare, Ninth Street, becomes K-143 at its interchange with I-70.
CityGo is the local public transport bus service, operating four routes in the city (yellow, blue, red, purple). CityGo also provides intercity bus service to surrounding communities as NCK Express. Greyhound Lines provides long-distance bus service.
Salina Municipal Airport is located immediately southwest of the city. Used primarily for general aviation, it hosts one commercial airline (SeaPort Airlines) under the Essential Air Service program.
The Kansas Pacific (KP) Line of the Union Pacific Railroad runs northeast-southwest through the northern part of the city. Salina is also the southeastern terminus of the Salina Subdivision of the Kansas and Oklahoma Railroad.
Salina is a center of broadcast media for north-central Kansas. Three AM radio, 12 FM radio, and five television stations are licensed to and/or broadcast from the city. Salina is in the Wichita-Hutchinson television market, and the stations broadcasting from the city include ABC, Fox, and NBC affiliates, all of which are satellites of their respective affiliates in Wichita. The other two television stations are a TBN satellite repeater and an independent station. Salina is also home to the only Public, educational, and government access (PEG) cable TV channels in the state. Cox Communications is the main cable system serving the city, and customers can see local programming and create their own programming to be shown on channels 20 and 21.
- Salina formerly hosted the Kansas Cagerz and Salina Rattlers basketball teams.
- Salina hosts the National Junior College Athletic Association Division I women's basketball national tournament each season in the Bicentennial Center.
- Salina hosted the Women's Big 8 basketball tournament at the Bicentennial Center. When the Big 8 became the Big 12, the tournament was moved to Kansas City, Missouri.
- Salina hosts the Kansas State High School Activities Association (KSHSAA) Class 4A State Wrestling Tournament as well as the Class 3A & 4A Volleyball Tournaments, the Class 4A State Basketball Tournament, and the Class 4A State Softball Tournament. Salina also occasionally hosts the Class 4A State Baseball Tournament and one of the state championship football games.
- Salina will be hosting a new arena football team in the Champions Professional Indoor Football League (CPIFL). They will begin play in February 2013. They will be called the Salina Bombers.
In popular culture 
- The 1980 teen comedy film Up the Academy was filmed entirely in Salina, mostly on the campus of St. John's Military School.
- Scenes in the 1955 movie Picnic, starring William Holden and Kim Novak, were filmed in Salina (arrival of the train at the beginning of the movie, The Bensons' mansion)
- Millie Dillmount, the fictional main character in the musical Thoroughly Modern Millie, is from Salina. She leaves home for New York City, determined never to return, as depicted in the opening number, "Not for the Life of Me."
- In Alfred Hitchcock's 1958 film Vertigo, the character of Judy Barton, played by Kim Novak, comes from Salina.
- Bluegrass band The Avett Brothers have a song titled "Salina".
- In Shawn Colvin's song, "Wichita Skyline" (from the 1996 album A Few Small Repairs), she sings "As far as Salina I can get that good station from LaRue / I'm searching the dial while I'm scanning the sky for a patch of blue / And I watch the black clouds roll in, chasing me back again / Back to the flat fine line, the Wichita skyline." However, she mispronounces the city as sa-LEE-na, as in Salinas, California. (LaRue is in Texas.)
- The Cowboy Junkies song "Townes' Blues" (from the 1992 album Black Eyed Man) describes a trip from Boulder, Colorado, to Houston, Texas, through Salina, though Canadian lead singer Margo Timmins also pronounces the city's name like Salinas, California.
- The invitational supergroup The Book of Knots have a song entitled "Salina" on their second album Traineater.
- Salina was largely destroyed in Ted Bell's 2008 novel Tsar, with only a Motel Six hotel, a park, and the surrounding area surviving. It was destroyed by a Russian bomber posing as an Iranian terrorist. The mayor had been assassinated a few days before the explosion.
- In Dr. Seuss' book "I Can Read with My Eyes Shut!" a street sign near the end of the book says "Salina Kansas Birthplace of Curtis A. Abel 2376 Miles->"
- Annual Blues Masters at the Crossroads is held every year in October at Blue Heaven Studio.
Notable people 
Notable individuals who were born in and/or have lived in Salina include:
See also 
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Saline County, Kansas
- List of Salina City Commissioners; salina-ks.gov
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-03.
- "Zip Code lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "American FactFinder 2". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- Blackmar, Frank W., ed. (1912). "Salina". Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history, embracing events, institutions, industries, counties, cities, towns, prominent persons, etc. 2. Chicago: Standard. pp. 634–635.
- Blackmar, Frank W., ed. (1912). "Saline County". Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history, embracing events, institutions, industries, counties, cities, towns, prominent persons, etc. 2. Chicago: Standard. pp. 635–639.
- Cutler, William G. (1883), "Salina, Part 1", History of the State of Kansas, Chicago: A.T. Andreas
- Works Projects Administration (1949). Kansas: A Guide to the Sunflower State. New York: Hastings House. p. 273.
- "Lee Jeans History". lee.com. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "Salina History". City of Salina, Kansas. Retrieved 2010-07-10.
- "SAC Bases: Smokey Hill / Schilling AFB". Strategic-Air-Command.com. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
- "Narrative". Salina Area Chamber of Commerce. 2008. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Latitude/Longitude Distance Calculator". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2010-10-07. Used Latitude/Longitude of river confluence from United States Geological Survey and the latitude/longitude given on this page for Salina, Kansas to calculate distance.
- "City Distance Tool". Geobytes. Retrieved 2010-03-13.
- "Historical Weather for Salina, Kansas, United States of America". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2009-12-19.
- "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Weather Service Forecast Office - Wichita, KS. Retrieved 2010-02-27.
- "National Weather Service". National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. August 2011. Retrieved 2010-07-18.
- Barbara Phillips (September 27, 1973,). "Tornadoes take heavy Kansas toll". Salina Journal. p. 2.
- Lawson, Rob (2008-06-12). "June 11th, EF-3 Tornado and Extremely Large Hail Slam Central Kansas". Wichita National Weather Service News Archives. National Weather Service Wichita, Kansas. Retrieved 2010-03-13.
- "National Weather Service". National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2010-07-18.
- "Updates to Statistical Areas; Office of Management and Budget". Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. November 20, 2008. Retrieved October 28, 2009.
- Saline County Emergency Management (2009-02). "It Can Happen Here". A Study of the Hazards affecting Saline County, Kansas and their effects on the Community. Saline county Emergency Management. p. 11.
- Saline County Emergency Management (2009-02). "It Can Happen Here". A Study of the Hazards affecting Saline County, Kansas and their effects on the Community. Saline county Emergency Management. p. 17.
- "Architecture". Sacred Heart Cathedral. Retrieved 2010-04-04.
- The Schwan Food Company (2007). "Communities of Operation". theschwanfoodcompany.com. The Schwan Food Company. Archived from the original on 2008-04-09. Retrieved 2010-03-13.
- Phillips Lighting (2009-06). "An energy saving solution for government facilities...". Phillips Lighting. Retrieved 2010-03-13.
- Exide Technologies. "Exide's Worldwide Facilities". exide.com. Exide Technologies. Retrieved 2010-03-17.
- Great Plains Manufacturing. "Great Plains Contact Information". greatplainsmfg.com. Great Plains Manufacturing. Retrieved 2010-03-17.
- Web Creations and Consulting (2006). "About the Company". enconline.com. ElDorado National. Retrieved 2010-03-17.
- "Salina, Kansas". City-Data.com. Retrieved 2011-12-20.
- "Salina". Directory of Kansas Public Officials. The League of Kansas Municipalities. Retrieved 2011-12-20.
- "City Commission". City of Salina, Kansas. Retrieved 2010-02-27.
- "City Government". City of Salina, Kansas. Retrieved 2010-02-27.
- Mathews, Erin (April 16, 2009). "Saving Lives & Property: A Fire Department Grows Up". Salina Journal. Retrieved December 12, 2009.
- "Salina USD 305 School Websites and Handbooks". Salina USD 305. Retrieved 2010-02-28.
- USD 305
- Kansas School District Boundary Map
- Saline County School District Map
- "About St. John's Military School". St. John's Military School. Retrieved 2010-02-28.
- "Welcome". Salina Christian Academy. Retrieved 2010-02-28.
- "2011-2012 state transportation map". Kansas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2011-01-18.
- "Locations: Kansas". Greyhound Lines. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- FAA Airport Master Record for SLN ( PDF), effective 2010-09-23
- Melissa McCoy (2010-03-13). "SeaPort Airlines to Become Air Service at Salina Airport". KSAL. Retrieved 2010-10-07.
- "UPRR Common Line Names". Union Pacific Railroad. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- "Kansas & Oklahoma Railroad - Detailed Map". Watco, Inc. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- "Salina Journal". Mondo Times. Retrieved 2011-12-17.
- "Radio Stations in Salina, Kansas". Radio-Locator. Retrieved 2011-12-17.
- "TVQ TV Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- "TV Market Maps - Kansas". EchoStar Knowledge Base. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- Prater, Jay (2010-07-07). "A little tweak for some of the KAKEland Television network stations". KAKE. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- "Contact Us". KSAS-TV. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- "Stations for Hays, Kansas". RabbitEars. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- "TBN Affiliate Stations in the USA". TBN. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- "Statistical Data". City of Salina, Kansas. Retrieved 2010-07-18.
- "About Us". Presbytery of Northern Kansas. Retrieved 2010-07-18.
- Davidson, Bob (2007-01-09). "USBL decides to take a breather for '08 - USBL quits". The Salina Journal. Retrieved 2011-02-17.
- "IBA Closes Its Doors". The Salina Journal. 2001-08-17. Retrieved 2011-02-17.
- "Juco women's tournament to stay in Salina through at least 2015". The Salina Journal. 2011-03-31. Retrieved 2011-04-22.
- Internet Movie Database
- Blues Masters at the Crossroads
- Blues Heaven Studios
- "Hall of Fame". Salina Central High School. 2010-11-05. Retrieved 2010-11-09.
- Salina Journal staff (2012-01-09). "A look back". The Salina Journal. Neighbors section, page 5. "Most of the talks were nostalgic remembrances of Salina of the 1930s when Paul Harvey worked for a local radio station."
- Sullivan, Amy (2003-01-16). "Terence Newman Day". The Salina Journal. Retrieved 2010-11-09.
Further reading 
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Illustrated Salina: The Forest City; Frederick A. Loomis, S. E. Rankin Publisher, 1892. (Various formats eBook)
- Salina: Mart of the Middle West; Salina Commercial Club, Padgett's Printing House; 1908. (Various formats eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Various formats eBook), (Volume2 - Various formats eBook), (Volume3 - Various formats eBook)
- Salina: 1858–2008 (Images of America); Salina History Book Committee; Arcadia Publishing; 2008; ISBN 0-7385-6181-9.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Salina, Kansas|
- USD 305, Salina Public Schools
- Smoky Hill Museum
- Salina Arts & Humanities Commission
- Special Collections: A gift of William A. Phillips, the founder of Salina