Salina Stockade

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Coordinates: 38°50′27″N 97°36′36″W / 38.8407°N 97.6101°W / 38.8407; -97.6101

Salina Stockade
Salina, Kansas
Type U.S. Army post, local militia post
Site information
Controlled by various Army units from Kansas, local militia
Site history
Built May - June 1864
In use May 1864 - ca. spring or summer 1865
Materials wood
Garrison information
Past
commanders
various, including Lieut. John M. Clark, Capt. Henry Booth, First Lieut. Jacob Van Antwerp, Capt. Elisha Hammer
Garrison same

Salina's Stockade was built in Salina, Kansas, to provide the residents with protection from the American Indians in the area, many of whom were hostile toward white settlement. While Salina had been raided in 1862 by Indians and then Confederate guerrillas, it was not until May 1864 when residents decided they needed to build a stockade for protection. On May 17, 1864, a makeshift stockade, consisting of wagons placed in a circle around the town's flagpole, was erected. The local militia then drilled and guarded Salina. On the northeast corner of 7th Street and Iron Avenue stood a small building. Around this a permanent stockade was erected in May and June 1864.[1][2]

Background[edit]

The stockade, measuring 100 feet (30 m) by 125 feet (38 m), was started on May 29. It consisted of logs set upright on end in an oval. They were 18 feet (5.5 m) long and the ends were buried 3 feet (0.91 m) into the ground. Port holes were cut out at short distances around the stockade to allow men to shoot through them at anyone attacking the stockade. A heavy gate was placed at the southeast corner of the stockade. The construction was completed June 8.[3][4]

In June 1864, just after the completion of the stockade, the commander of Fort Riley sent twenty-five troops, commanded by Lieut. John M. Clark, to garrison the stockade. In July Capt. Henry Booth became the commander in Salina and he brought one artillery piece with him. While Booth was at Salina, he was involved in helping area settlers and friendly Indians in their conflicts with Indians opposed to white settlers. Conflicts in the area with certain Indian groups remained until at least the end of the Civil War. From October 1864 to at least March 1865, Capt. Elisha Hammer commanded Salina's post.[5][6]

Meanwhile, the building inside the stockade was remodeled and in September 1864 was opened as Salina's first public school. The school term ran until March 1865. The use of the stockade probably continued until at least June 1865.[7][8]

Troops were stationed at Salina until March 1865, when apparently they were removed. On June 20, 1865, an order was issued to place a company of troops from the 15th Kansas Cavalry at Salina, but there is no confirmation that this was done.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Deputy Marshal H. L. Jones, report, The War of the Rebellion (Washington: government Printing Office, 1891), Series I, Vol. XXXIV, Part IV, p. 150.
  2. ^ Hugh H. Morrison, "A Chapter in the History of Salina, Kansas" (unpublished reminiscence, no date), pp. 1-2 (from the Salina Public Library, Salina).
  3. ^ Morrison, pp, 1-2.
  4. ^ Chrisena P. Campbell, (unpulished reminiscence, ca. 1920-1940), pp. 8-9 (from the Smoky Hill Museum, Salina).
  5. ^ Maj. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis, "Special Field Orders, No. 1," War of the Rebellion (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1893), Series I, Vol. XLI, Part II, p. 369.
  6. ^ Col James H. Ford, report, War of the Rebellion (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1896), Series I, Vol. XLVIII, Part I, p. 1012.
  7. ^ Ruby P. Bramwell, City on the Move: The Story of Salina (Salina: Survey Press, 1969), p. 61.
  8. ^ Morrison, pp. 3-4.
  9. ^ Kansas Acting Asst. Adjutant-General Robert S. Roe, report, The War of the Rebellion (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1896), Series I, Vol. XLVIII, Part II, p. 949.