Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument

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Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument ruins.jpg
Salinas Pueblo ruins
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument is located in New Mexico
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument
Location Torrance County & Socorro County, New Mexico, USA
Nearest city Gran Quivira, New Mexico
Coordinates 34°15′35″N 106°5′25″W / 34.25972°N 106.09028°W / 34.25972; -106.09028Coordinates: 34°15′35″N 106°5′25″W / 34.25972°N 106.09028°W / 34.25972; -106.09028
Area 1,076.9 acres (435.8 ha)
Built 1629
Visitation 34,810 (2005)
Governing body National Park Service
NRHP Reference # 66000494[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966
Designated NMON November 1, 1909
Mission ruins at Quarai
Mission ruins at Abó
Pueblo and mission ruins at Gran Quivira

The Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument is located in the U.S. state of New Mexico, near Mountainair. The main park visitor center is in Mountainair.

History[edit]

Once, thriving Native American trade communities of Tiwa and Tompiro language-speaking Puebloans inhabited this remote frontier area of central New Mexico. Early in the 17th century Spanish Franciscans found the area ripe for their missionary efforts. However, by the late 1670s the entire Salinas District, as the Spanish had named it, was depopulated of both Indian and Spaniard. What remains today are austere yet beautiful reminders of this earliest contact between Pueblo Indians and Spanish Colonials: the ruins of three mission churches, at Quarai, Abó, and Gran Quivira and the partially excavated pueblo of Las Humanas or, as it is known today, the Gran Quivira pueblo.

It was first proclaimed Gran Quivira National Monument on November 1, 1909. As with all historic areas administered by the National Park Service, the National Monument was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. On December 19, 1980 it was enlarged and two New Mexico State Monuments were absorbed into it on November 2, 1981. It was renamed on October 28, 1988.

A map of the 17th century pueblos in the Salinas area including the three surviving ruins in the National Monument: Quarai, Abo, and Gran Quivira.

Quarai Ruins[edit]

The Quarai Ruins are located about 8 miles north of Mountainair, at about 6650 feet (2026 m) above sea level. There is a visitor center and a 0.5 mile (0.8 km) trail through the ruins.

Abó Ruins[edit]

Main article: Abo (historic place)

Gran Quivira Ruins[edit]

The Gran Quivira Ruins are located about 25 miles south of Mountainair, at about 6500 feet (1981 m) above sea level. There is a small visitor center near the parking lot. A 0.5 mile (0.8 km) trail leads through partially excavated pueblo ruins and the ruins of the uncompleted mission church.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ Prince, L. Bradford (1915). Spanish Mission Churches of New Mexico. Cedar Rapids, IA: The Torch Press. pp. 355–356. ISBN 0-87380-126-1. Retrieved 2008-12-02. 

External links[edit]