Saline County, Kansas
|Saline County, Kansas|
Location in the state of Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 15, 1860|
|Named for||Saline River|
721.28 sq mi (1,868 km²)
719.61 sq mi (1,864 km²)
1.67 sq mi (4 km²), 0.23%
74.9/sq mi (28.9/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
19th century 
For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1860, Saline County was founded.
20th century 
Saline County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement. The food sales requirement was removed with voter approval in 1994.
Law and government 
Board of Commissioners 
Saline County is governed by a Board of Commissioners. The commission enacts the annual budget for the county, creates policy to be implemented by the county administrator, approves contracts, and oversees legislation relating to the health, safety, and well-being of the county's citizens.
The Board of Commissioners has three members, one elected from each of the three commission districts. Commissioners are elected on a partisan basis. The districts are reapportioned every three years, with the three districts being equally populated. Term lengths are four years.
Current representatives on the Board of Commissioners are Jerry Fowler (District 3; vice chairman), Randy Duncan (District 1; secretary), and John Reynolds (District 2; chairman).
County administrator 
The county administrator is hired by the Board of Commissioners and is the administrative officer for the county. The administrator is responsible for researching administrative and operational issues and then presenting suggestions for improvement in government efficiency to the Board of Commissioners and for reviewing all requests for action brought to the Board of Commissioners. The county administrator also implements policies enacted by the Board of Commissioners, prepares the annual budget, and "supervises accounts payable, payroll, human resource division and central purchasing for the county." As needed, the county administrator will represent the county on boards and commissions.
The current county administrator is Rita Deister.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 721.28 square miles (1,868.1 km2), of which 719.61 square miles (1,863.8 km2) (or 99.77%) is land and 1.67 square miles (4.3 km2) (or 0.23%) is water.
Adjacent counties 
- Ottawa County (north)
- Dickinson County (east)
- Marion County (southeast)
- McPherson County (south)
- Ellsworth County (west)
- Lincoln County (northwest)
As of the census of 2000, there were 53,597 people, 21,436 households, and 14,212 families residing in the county. The population density was 74 people per square mile (29/km²). There were 22,695 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.17% White, 3.10% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 1.70% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.33% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. 6.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 21,436 households in the county, out of which 32.10% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.90% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.70% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $37,308, and the median income for a family was $46,362. Males had a median income of $31,509 versus $22,047 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,073. About 6.00% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.60% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns 
Incorporated cities 
Name and population (2004 estimate):
- Salina, 45,988 (county seat)
- Solomon, 1,051 (of which a portion lies in Dickinson County)
- Assaria, 448
- Gypsum, 403
- Brookville, 253
- Smolan, 213
- New Cambria, 153
Unincorporated cities 
Saline County is divided into eighteen townships. The city of Salina is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.
/km² (/sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
|Water %||Geographic coordinates|
|Cambria||10100||New Cambria||450||5 (13)||93 (36)||0 (0)||0.16%|
|Dayton||17125||134||1 (4)||92 (36)||0 (0)||0.08%|
|Elm Creek||20650||828||9 (23)||92 (36)||0 (0)||0.39%|
|Eureka||21925||Gypsum||664||7 (18)||94 (36)||0 (0)||0.05%|
|Falun||22925||260||1 (4)||186 (72)||0 (0)||0.26%|
|Glendale||26475||104||1 (3)||93 (36)||0 (0)||0.30%|
|Greeley||28375||809||10 (26)||79 (31)||0 (0)||0.09%|
|Gypsum||29275||193||2 (5)||93 (36)||0 (0)||0.01%|
|Liberty||40350||183||2 (5)||93 (36)||0 (0)||0.44%|
|Ohio||52425||463||5 (13)||94 (36)||0 (0)||0.13%|
|Pleasant Valley||56625||422||5 (12)||93 (36)||0 (0)||0.43%|
|Smoky Hill||66050||324||5 (14)||59 (23)||0 (0)||0.10%|
|Smoky View||66075||Assaria||954||10 (27)||93 (36)||0 (0)||0.06%|
|Smolan||66125||749||9 (23)||85 (33)||0 (0)||0.15%|
|Solomon||66375||311||3 (9)||94 (36)||0 (0)||0.06%|
|Spring Creek||67500||Brookville||395||2 (6)||185 (72)||1 (0)||0.38%|
|Walnut||75125||553||6 (15)||93 (36)||1 (0)||0.79%|
|Washington||75725||122||1 (3)||93 (36)||0 (0)||0.04%|
Public schools 
- USD 305, Salina
- Salina, Rural Areas
- USD 306, Southeast Of Saline
- USD 307, Ell-Saline
- District Office In Neighboring County
- USD 240, Twin Valley
- Glendale, Rural Areas
- USD 393, Solomon
- New Cambria, Rural Areas
- USD 400, Smoky Valley
Private schools 
Colleges and Universities 
- Brown Mackie College
- Kansas Wesleyan University
- Kansas State University – Salina
- Salina Area Technical College
See also 
Information on this and other counties in Kansas
- List of counties in Kansas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Kansas
- Kansas locations by per capita income
Other information for Kansas
- List of cities in Kansas
- List of unified school districts in Kansas
- List of colleges and universities in Kansas
- "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- Nussle, Jim (2008-11-20). "Micropolitan Statistical Areas". List 1-9. Office of Management and Budget, Executive Office of the President. p. 97. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- "Saline County - Board of Commissioners". Saline County, Kansas. Retrieved 2011-01-21.
- "Administrator". Saline County, Kansas. Retrieved 2011-01-21.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
Further reading 
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook), (Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Saline County, Kansas|
- Saline County Map, KDOT
- Kansas Highway Map, KDOT
- Kansas Railroad Map, KDOT
- Kansas School District Boundary Map, KSDE
- Saline County School District Map, Saline.org
||Lincoln County||Ottawa County||Dickinson County|
|Ellsworth County||McPherson County||Marion County|