Saline County, Kansas

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Saline County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Saline County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 15, 1860
Named for Saline River
Seat Salina
Largest city Salina
Area
 • Total 721 sq mi (1,867 km2)
 • Land 720 sq mi (1,865 km2)
 • Water 1.1 sq mi (3 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 55,606
 • Density 77/sq mi (30/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.saline.org

Coordinates: 38°47′N 97°40′W / 38.783°N 97.667°W / 38.783; -97.667

Saline County (standard abbreviation: SA) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 55,606.[1] The largest city and county seat is Salina.[2]

Saline County is part of the Salina, KS Micropolitan Statistical Area.[3]

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

1915 Railroad Map of Saline County

For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1860, Saline County was founded.

20th century[edit]

Saline County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement. The food sales requirement was removed with voter approval in 1994.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 721 square miles (1,870 km2), of which 720 square miles (1,900 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) (0.2%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 4,246
1880 13,808 225.2%
1890 17,442 26.3%
1900 17,076 −2.1%
1910 20,338 19.1%
1920 25,103 23.4%
1930 29,337 16.9%
1940 29,535 0.7%
1950 33,409 13.1%
1960 54,715 63.8%
1970 46,592 −14.8%
1980 48,905 5.0%
1990 49,301 0.8%
2000 53,597 8.7%
2010 55,606 3.7%
Est. 2013 55,740 0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]
Age pyramid

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 53,597 people, 21,436 households, and 14,212 families residing in the county. The population density was 74 people per square mile (29/km²). There were 22,695 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.17% White, 3.10% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 1.70% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.33% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. 6.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 21,436 households in the county, out of which 32.10% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.90% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.70% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,308, and the median income for a family was $46,362. Males had a median income of $31,509 versus $22,047 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,073. About 6.00% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.60% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Board of Commissioners[edit]

Saline County is governed by a Board of Commissioners. The commission enacts the annual budget for the county, creates policy to be implemented by the county administrator, approves contracts, and oversees legislation relating to the health, safety, and well-being of the county's citizens.[11]

The Board of Commissioners has three members, one elected from each of the three commission districts. Commissioners are elected on a partisan basis.[11] The districts are reapportioned every three years, with the three districts being equally populated. Term lengths are four years.[11]

Current representatives on the Board of Commissioners are John Price (District 3; vice chairman), Monte Shadwick (District 1; secretary), and Jim Gile (District 2; chairman).[11]

In 2014, citizens voted to change the number of commissioners from 3 to 5 members. The group, "Drive for 5", successfully campaigned for better representation of the people. Monte Shadwick easily won against long time commissioner Randy Duncan.

Governor Sam Brownback is now tasked with appointing the two new commission members that will serve for two years and then be up for election by the people.

County administrator[edit]

The county administrator is hired by the Board of Commissioners and is the administrative officer for the county. The administrator is responsible for researching administrative and operational issues and then presenting suggestions for improvement in government efficiency to the Board of Commissioners and for reviewing all requests for action brought to the Board of Commissioners. The county administrator also implements policies enacted by the Board of Commissioners, prepares the annual budget, and "supervises accounts payable, payroll, human resource division and central purchasing for the county."[12] As needed, the county administrator will represent the county on boards and commissions.[12]

The current county administrator is Rita Deister.[12]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

District Office In Neighboring County

Private schools[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Saline County (map legend)

Incorporated cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Saline County is divided into eighteen townships. The city of Salina is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Cambria 10100 New Cambria 450 5 (13) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.16% 38°54′3″N 97°31′44″W / 38.90083°N 97.52889°W / 38.90083; -97.52889
Dayton 17125 134 1 (4) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.08% 38°55′0″N 97°25′18″W / 38.91667°N 97.42167°W / 38.91667; -97.42167
Elm Creek 20650 828 9 (23) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.39% 38°54′8″N 97°38′55″W / 38.90222°N 97.64861°W / 38.90222; -97.64861
Eureka 21925 Gypsum 664 7 (18) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.05% 38°43′20″N 97°25′36″W / 38.72222°N 97.42667°W / 38.72222; -97.42667
Falun 22925 260 1 (4) 186 (72) 0 (0) 0.26% 38°39′26″N 97°47′14″W / 38.65722°N 97.78722°W / 38.65722; -97.78722
Glendale 26475 104 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.30% 38°53′57″N 97°52′33″W / 38.89917°N 97.87583°W / 38.89917; -97.87583
Greeley 28375 809 10 (26) 79 (31) 0 (0) 0.09% 38°50′21″N 97°32′35″W / 38.83917°N 97.54306°W / 38.83917; -97.54306
Gypsum 29275 193 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% 38°39′35″N 97°25′22″W / 38.65972°N 97.42278°W / 38.65972; -97.42278
Liberty 40350 183 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.44% 38°39′19″N 97°32′48″W / 38.65528°N 97.54667°W / 38.65528; -97.54667
Ohio 52425 463 5 (13) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.13% 38°49′12″N 97°45′9″W / 38.82000°N 97.75250°W / 38.82000; -97.75250
Pleasant Valley 56625 422 5 (12) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.43% 38°55′18″N 97°46′15″W / 38.92167°N 97.77083°W / 38.92167; -97.77083
Smoky Hill 66050 324 5 (14) 59 (23) 0 (0) 0.10% 38°50′21″N 97°39′35″W / 38.83917°N 97.65972°W / 38.83917; -97.65972
Smoky View 66075 Assaria 954 10 (27) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 38°39′25″N 97°37′34″W / 38.65694°N 97.62611°W / 38.65694; -97.62611
Smolan 66125 749 9 (23) 85 (33) 0 (0) 0.15% 38°44′24″N 97°38′26″W / 38.74000°N 97.64056°W / 38.74000; -97.64056
Solomon 66375 311 3 (9) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 38°49′56″N 97°26′14″W / 38.83222°N 97.43722°W / 38.83222; -97.43722
Spring Creek 67500 Brookville 395 2 (6) 185 (72) 1 (0) 0.38% 38°46′42″N 97°51′47″W / 38.77833°N 97.86306°W / 38.77833; -97.86306
Walnut 75125 553 6 (15) 93 (36) 1 (0) 0.79% 38°44′52″N 97°32′55″W / 38.74778°N 97.54861°W / 38.74778; -97.54861
Washington 75725 122 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.04% 38°45′4″N 97°45′10″W / 38.75111°N 97.75278°W / 38.75111; -97.75278

See also[edit]

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

Further reading[edit]

Saline County
Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Nussle, Jim (2008-11-20). "Micropolitan Statistical Areas". List 1-9. Office of Management and Budget, Executive Office of the President. p. 97. Retrieved 2010-04-02. 
  4. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Saline County - Board of Commissioners". Saline County, Kansas. Retrieved 2011-01-21. 
  12. ^ a b c "Administrator". Saline County, Kansas. Retrieved 2011-01-21. 

External links[edit]

County
Maps