Salisbury, Connecticut

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Salisbury, Connecticut
Town
Official seal of Salisbury, Connecticut
Seal
Location in Litchfield County, Connecticut
Location in Litchfield County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°59′06″N 73°25′20″W / 41.98500°N 73.42222°W / 41.98500; -73.42222Coordinates: 41°59′06″N 73°25′20″W / 41.98500°N 73.42222°W / 41.98500; -73.42222
Country United States
State Connecticut
NECTA None
Region Northwestern Connecticut
Incorporated 1741
Government
 • Type Selectman-town meeting
 • First selectman Curtis G. Rand
Area
 • Total 60.1 sq mi (155.7 km2)
 • Land 57.3 sq mi (148.5 km2)
 • Water 2.8 sq mi (7.1 km2)
Elevation 699 ft (213 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 3,977
 • Density 71/sq mi (28/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 06039, 06068
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-66420
GNIS feature ID 0213500
Website http://salisburyct.us/

Salisbury is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The town is the northwest-most in the State of Connecticut. The MA-NY-CT (Massachusetts-New York-Connecticut) Tri-State Marker is located just on the border of Salisbury. The population was 3,977 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

Salisbury was established and incorporated in 1741,[1] and contains several historic homes, though some were replaced by larger modern structures in the late 20th Century. Salisbury was named for a town in England.[2] Historian Ed Kirby tells us that traces of iron were discovered in what was to become Salisbury in 1728, with the discovery of the large deposit at Old Hill (later Ore Hill) in 1731 by John Pell and Ezekiel Ashley. Beginning before the Revolution, during the Federal period, and until around 1920, Salisbury was the seat of an important iron industry.[3]

Additional iron mines were opened, mostly in the Western end of the township, although historian Diana Muir dismisses them as "scarcely big enough to notice," with the further disadvantage of not being near a river large enough to ship iron to market at a reasonable cost. The solution, according to Muir, was to pour labor into the iron, working it into a quality of wrought iron so high that it could be used even for gun barrels. This fetched a high price and made Salisbury iron the celebrated choice of Connecticut's early nineteenth century arms industry [4] as well as the preeminent source of cast iron railroad car wheels until they were superseded by steel wheels. Peter P. Everts, an agent of the mid 19th Century mines, however, stated the quality of Salisbury iron varied.[5] The iron industry in Salisbury became inactive following World War I, a plan to revive it during World War II was never implemented, and the mines remain under water.[6]

Scoville Library in Salisbury was the first in the United States open to the public free of charge.[7] Salisbury is also home to the oldest Methodist Church in New England, The Lakeville Methodist Church, constructed in 1789.[8]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 60.1 square miles (155.6 km²), of which, 57.3 square miles (148.5 km²) of it is land and 2.8 square miles (7.1 km²) of it (4.59%) is water. Although the peak of Mount Frissell lies in Massachusetts at an elevation of 2,453 ft, the south slope of the mountain (2,380 ft) in Salisbury, is the highest point in Connecticut. Within Salisbury there are several ponds and six lakes: Wononscopomuc, Washinee, Washining, Wononpakook, Riga Lake and South Pond.

Principal communities[edit]

The town of Salisbury includes the villages of Salisbury and Lakeville, and the hamlets of Amesville, Lime Rock, and Taconic. Historically the areas of Joyceville, Ore Hill, and Twin Lakes were recognized as separate communities but are no longer.

Demographics[edit]

The NY-MA-CT Tri-State marker located in Salisbury.

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 3,977 people, 1,737 households, and 1,042 families residing in the town. The population density was 69.4 people per square mile (26.8/km²). There were 2,410 housing units at an average density of 42.0 per square mile (16.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.75% White, 1.66% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.45% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.53% of the population.

There were 1,737 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the town the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 31.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $53,051, and the median income for a family was $69,152. Males had a median income of $43,807 versus $29,861 for females. The per capita income for the town was $38,752. About 4.9% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 2.6% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation[edit]

The Appalachian Trail runs through Salisbury.

Sports[edit]

The Salisbury Winter Sports Association hosts ski jumping competitions at its Satre Hill venue in Salisbury. It has hosted United States Eastern Ski Jumping Championships each February since 1952.

The village of Lakeville has the well known automobile racing course at Lime Rock Park.

Government[edit]

Salisbury has an Open Town Meeting form of government, with three Selectmen.

Education[edit]

There is one primary school, Salisbury Central School (K-8th), and three boarding schools in the town, Salisbury School and Hotchkiss School, both high schools, and Indian Mountain School, pre-K through grade 9. Public high school students attend the Housatonic Valley Regional High School in Falls Village, CT.

Media[edit]

The community is served by a weekly newspaper, The Lakeville Journal. The Salisbury Sampler is a 10 issue per year newsletter of community events, notices and news edited by the office of the Selectmen and mailed to all households. The Salisbury Association publishes a bi-annual Newsletter covering the Land Trust, Historical and Civic Committees news and activities. It is mailed to all households.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Route 44 is the main east-west highway in the town, while Route 41 is the main north-south highway. Route 112 runs diagonally, northwest to southeast, and connects with US Route 7, which runs north/south parallel to the Housatonic River.

Notable people[edit]

Maple Shade Inn (1908 postcard)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Town of Salisbury Connecticut". The Town of Salisbury Connecticut. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Profile for Salisbury Connecticut". ePodunk. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  3. ^ Ed Kirby, Echoes of Iron in Connecticut's Northwest Corner, Sharon Historical Society, 1998 p. 6
  4. ^ Diana Muir, Reflections in Bullough's Pond, Economy and Ecosystem in New England, University of New England Press, 2002, p. 126.
  5. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=kjdJAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA97&dq#v accessed July 31, 2010
  6. ^ Hartford Courant January 25, 1942
  7. ^ "History". Scoville Memorial Library. Retrieved October 2013. 
  8. ^ "Lakeville United Methodist Church". Lakeville United Methodist Church. Retrieved October 2013. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ "BARNUM, William Henry, (1818 - 1889)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  11. ^ "CHIPMAN, Daniel, (1765 - 1850)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  12. ^ "CHIPMAN, Nathaniel, (1752 - 1843)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Vermont Governor Martin Chittenden". National Governors Association. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Vermont Governor Thomas Chittenden". National Governors Association. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  15. ^ History of the Institute of General Semantics
  16. ^ "MILES, Frederick, (1815 - 1896)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 

External links[edit]