Salisbury, Nassau County, New York
|Hamlet and census-designated place|
|• Total||1.7 sq mi (4 km2)|
|• Land||1.7 sq mi (4 km2)|
|• Density||7,100/sq mi (2,700/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Salisbury is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in Nassau County, New York, United States. The population was 12,093 at the 2010 census. Many but not all are housed in Levitt style homes adjacent to Eisenhower Park, formerly Salisbury Park. The region is also known by locals as South Westbury, and is located within the Westbury postal zone. It is served by the East Meadow School District.
Salisbury is so named because it sits on a broad, flat section of the larger Hempstead Plains that reminded late 19th Century Long Islanders of the Salisbury Plain in England, where Stonehenge is located. The Vanderbilt Motor Parkway bisected the Salisbury Plains running east to west across Salisbury, later Eisenhower Park. The route of the motor parkway is traced by a utility easement across the park, where it serves as a rough area separating two of the Nassau County park's three golf courses (the White and Blue Courses).
The park is also the former site of the Meadowbrook Polo Club, which played host to the cream of pre-World War I Long Island society. The Polo Club was served by the former Central Branch of the Long Island Rail Road, terminating at a now-demolished station across Merrick Avenue to the immediate north of the park's main entrance.
The park was renamed in honor of former President Dwight D. Eisenhower in an October 13, 1969 dedication ceremony attended by the president's grandson, David Eisenhower, and his wife, Julie Nixon Eisenhower.
Another famous visitor was aviator Charles A. Lindbergh, whose "Spirit of St. Louis" passed low over Salisbury shortly after taking off from Roosevelt Field on his immortal May 1927 solo flight from New York to Paris.
Salisbury is located at (40.745210, -73.559564).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.5 km²), of which, 1.7 square miles (4.5 km²) of it is land and 0.57% is water.
|This article is outdated. (April 2013)|
Salisbury, like most of the Hempstead Plains, was a largely unpopulated grassland until after World War II, when all but the northwest quadrant became the western fringe of the massive William Levitt housing development. The northwest quadrant developed shortly thereafter, acceding to the title of "Salisbury" -proper, with the Levitt development acquiring the designation "Bowling Green". Elementary schools bearing those names were erected in the mid-1920s. The otherwise separate in all but geography communities share a junior and senior high school, W. Tresper Clarke, which is part of the East Meadow School District.
Minor socio-economic distinctions eventually arose between the inhabitants of Salisbury proper and Bowling Green. The former were largely persons of middle-upper class descent, while the latter came from working class households. Both groups had migrated from New York City during the post-war "baby boom". Their children mingled in school but, following graduation, followed somewhat different paths. The sons and daughters of "Salisbury" for the most part attended college, avoided the Vietnam War and entered the professions, while Bowling Green youth served in Vietnam, coming back to an America that had irreversibly changed from the "ideal" 1950's of their childhood.
Eventually, Salisbury School closed and merged with the much larger Bowling Green. In essence, Salisbury as it was ceased to exist as it was in the 1970s, resulting in what it is today, remaining a solid community. At the 2000 census, there were 12,341 people, 4,015 households and 3,340 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 7,164.1 per square mile (2,770.3/km²). There were 4,052 housing units at an average density of 2,352.3/sq mi (909.6/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 89.94% White, 1.03% African American, 0.14% Native American, 5.97% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.60% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.56% of the population.
There were 4,015 households of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.9% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.8% were non-families. 13.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.06 and the average family size was 3.35.
Age distribution was with 24.4% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.
The median household income was $73,641, and the median family income was $81,110. Males had a median income of $50,503 versus $37,002 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $27,579. About 1.9% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.