Salisbury Cathedral School
|Motto||Domine dilexi decorem domus tuae|
|Type||Independent preparatory day and boarding school
Choral foundation school
|Religion||Church of England|
|Headmaster||Mr Clive Marriott|
|Chair of Governors||The Very Rev June Osborne, Dean of Salisbury|
|Location||1 The Close
|DfE URN||126518 Tables|
The school was founded by Saint Osmund, the Bishop of Old Sarum and Earl of Dorset, who was recognized for his good works when he was canonised several hundred years later in 1456. Osmund was born in Normandy and was a first cousin of William the Conqueror, King of England: William's father, Robert the Magnificent, Duke of Normandy, was the brother of Isabella, Countess of Séez, the mother of Osmund.
Originally, the School would have been housed near to the Cathedral at Old Sarum. At the start of the 13th.Century the centre of the Diocese of Salisbury was moved from Old Sarum to its present site. The choristers would then have lodged with various canons in the new Cathedral Close. After 1319, a house was built in The Close to house the School (known as 'The Choristers' House'). The School remained here for the next 300 years. The choristers were educated in the Chancellor's Grammar School nearby.
In 1714, the School moved to a new School House built for it on the north-west side of The Close. This came to known as 'Wren Hall' and, with the house connected to it (Braybrooke House) this acted as the centre of the School campus until the middle of the 20th.Century. Owing to the fact that this campus could not keep pace with the growing size of the School, the campus was relocated, in 1946/47, to the former Bishop's Palace in the grounds of the Cathedral. The building is designated as a Grade I listed building by English Heritage.
In 1987, the first girls were admitted. In a landmark move, the cathedral became the first in England to allow female choristers when it opened its choristership programme to girls in 1991.
More recently, a library partly funded by the former bookstore chain, Ottakar's, was opened in October 2002. Two members of the Heneage family who owned the company were former pupils.
The school featured in a BBC television documentary entitled Angelic Voices: The Choristers of Salisbury Cathedral, first broadcast in March 2012.
The school's 27-acre campus is located adjacent to Bishop Wordsworth's School, in the southern part of Salisbury Cathedral Close, which at 80 acres (320,000 m2) is the largest Cathedral Close in Britain. The main school building is the former Bishop's Palace, parts of which date from the building of the cathedral in the 13th century. The pre-preparatory part of the school is located in newer buildings adjacent to the palace, but uses some of the main school facilities. The boarding house is also located in the Close. Sports facilities include football, rugby and cricket pitches, athletics track, tennis courts/hockey pitches and a swimming pool.
The school continues to serve its original function of educating choristers of the cathedral choir. Every year auditions are held for children between ages 7 and 9 and successful applicants receive scholarships to attend the school. The choir is unique as its choristerships are open to girls as well. It was the first English cathedral to allow girls to become choristers. All choristers board in a large boarding house located near the school.
Notable former pupils
- Salisbury Cathedral School Motto: "Domine dilexi decorem domus tuae" Psalm 25:8: 'I have loved, O Lord, the beauty of thy house'. [Originally suggested as the School's motto by Bishop George Moberly - c.1885]
- 'The cathedral of Salisbury: From the foundation to the fifteenth century', A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 3 (1956), pp. 156–183. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=36531. Date accessed: 28 January 2008.
- Nicholas Orme, 'School founders and patrons in England, 597–1560', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, online edn, Oxford University Press, Oct 2006, accessed 28 Jan 2008
- Powicke Handbook of British Chronology p. 81
- Robertson, Dora H., Sarum Close (Jonathan Cape, 1938; 2nd.ed. 1969)
- Power of a woman:Memoirs of a turbulent life: Eleanor of Aquitaine p.339 by Robert Fripp. ISBN 097806210 accessed 24 January 2008
- English Heritage Images of England reference no. 318958
- Salisbury Cathedral School. Pre-Prep School prospectus, accessed January 2008
- "Visitor Information, Salisbury Cathedral". Retrieved 2008-01-25.
- Osmond, Stephen E., Register of Past & Present Pupils of the Cathedral School Salisbury (5th.Ed. 2002; publ. Salisbury Cathedral School Association)
- Diary of John Evelyn: (6th.September, 1680)
- in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004
- Clay, Christopher: 'Public Finance & Private Wealth; The Career of Sir Stephen Fox', (Oxford University Press, 1978).
- Probyn, Clive T.: 'The Sociable Humanist; The Life & works of James Harris' (Oxford University Press. 1991)
- Burrows, Donald and Dunhill, Rosemary. 2002. Music and Theatre in Handel's World: The Family Papers of James Harris 1732-1780. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-816654-0.
- Harris, James, first earl of Malmesbury (1746–1820), diplomatist by H. M. Scott in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004
- Earle, William Benson, in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004
- Glover, Gareth: Wellington's Lieutenant - Napoleon's Gaoler (The Peninsula Letters & Diaries of Sir George Ridout Bingham) (publ. Pen & Sword Books - 2005)
- Smith, Peter L.: In the Shadow of Salisbury Spire (publ. The Hobnob Press - 2011)
- DANIEL, Nicholas in Who's Who 2007 (London, A. & C. Black, 2007)
- Barker, Sebastian. Obituary: David Gascoyne. The Independent. 28 November 2001.
- HILLS, Air Vice-Marshal David Graeme Muspratt in Who's Who 2007 (London, A. & C. Black, 2007)
- KEY, (Simon) Robert in Who's Who 2007 (London, A. & C. Black, 2007)
- MATES, Lt-Col Rt Hon. Michael (John) in Who's Who 2007 (London, A. & C. Black, 2007)
- Salisbury Cathedral School
- Independent Schools Inspectorate Reports
- Ofsted (boarding) report 2009
- ISBI site - school video
- Wiltshire County Council, Wiltshire Community History - The Cathedral School, Salisbury