Salix lucida

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Salix lucida
Salix lucida(01).jpg
Salix lucida lucida
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Salicaceae
Genus: Salix
Species: S. lucida
Binomial name
Salix lucida
Muhl.
Salix lucida & lasiandra range map 1.png
Natural range of Salix lucida
subsp. lucida (green)
subsp. lasiandra (blue)

Salix lucida (shining willow, Pacific willow, or whiplash willow) is a species of willow native to northern and western North America, occurring in wetland habitats.[1][2][3]

It is a deciduous large shrub or small tree growing to 4–11 m (13–36 ft) tall. The shoots are greenish-brown to grey-brown. The leaves are narrow elliptic to lanceolate, 4–17 cm long and 1-3.5 cm broad, glossy dark green above, usually glaucous green below, hairless or thinly hairy. The flowers are yellow catkins 1–9 cm long, produced in late spring after the leaves emerge.[2][3][4]

The subspecies are:[1][2][3]

  • S. l. lucida - shining willow, Newfoundland west to eastern Saskatchewan, and south to Maryland and South Dakota
  • S. l. lasiandra (Benth.) E.Murray (syn. S. lasiandra Benth.) - Pacific willow, Alaska east to Northwest Territory, and south to California and New Mexico.
  • S. l. caudata (Nutt.) E.Murray - whiplash willow, interior western North America from eastern British Columbia south to eastern California and Nevada, included in S. l. lasiandra by some authors.

It is closely related to Salix pentandra of Europe and Asia.[5]

Male catkins of S. l. lasiandra

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Germplasm Resources Information Network: Salix lucida
  2. ^ a b c Jepson Flora: Salix lucida
  3. ^ a b c Plants of British Columbia: Salix lucida
  4. ^ Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center: Salix lucida
  5. ^ Bean, W. J. (1980). Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles 8th ed., vol. 4. John Murray ISBN 0-7195-2428-8.