In Greek mythology, Salmacis (Ancient Greek: Σαλμακίς) was an atypical naiad who rejected the ways of the virginal Greek goddess Artemis in favour of vanity and idleness. Her attempted rape of Hermaphroditus places her as the only nymph rapist in the Greek mythological canon (though see also Dercetis).
"There dwelt a Nymph, not up for hunting or archery:
unfit for footraces. She the only Naiad not in Diana’s band.
Often her sisters would say: “Pick up a javelin, or
bristling quiver, and interrupt your leisure for the chase!”
But she would not pick up a javelin or arrows,
nor trade leisure for the chase.
Instead she would bathe her beautiful limbs and tend to her hair,
with her waters as a mirror."
Ovid, Metamorphoses. Book IV, 306-312.
In Ovid's Metamorphoses, she becomes one with Hermaphroditus, and Hermaphroditus curses the fountain to have the same effect on others. However, it's very likely that Ovid fabricated the entire tale himself - his use of "praetereo, dulcique animos novitate tenebo" could be read in several ways, as "novitate" could be translated as either something strange or something new, which would imply that it was a new tale. Salmacis could also have been intended simply as a contrast to the previous tales in Ovid's Metamorphoses, as others involve a dominant male pursuing an elusive female. 
Salmacis fountain 
Salmacis fountain is located near the ancient Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, and it is now a tourist attraction located in present-day Bodrum, Turkey. The waters of Salmacis fountain were said to have relaxing properties. Although excellent to drink, in classical times, it was thought to have the effect of making men effeminate and soft. Ovid creates or recounts the myth of how the fountain came to be so in the story of Hermaphroditus and Salmacis.
There is a mistaken idea that this spring infects those who drink of it with an unnatural lewdness. It will not be out of place to explain how this idea came to spread throughout the world from a mistake in the telling of the tale. It cannot be that the water makes men effeminate and unchaste, as it is said to do; for the spring is of remarkable clearness and excellent in flavour. The fact is that when Melas and Arevanias came there from Argos and Troezen and founded a colony together, they drove out the Carians and Lelegans who were barbarians. These took refuge in the mountains, and, uniting there, used to make raids, plundering the Greeks and laying their country waste in a cruel manner. Later, one of the colonists, to make money, set up a well-stocked shop, near the spring because the water was so good, and the way in which he carried it on attracted the barbarians. So they began to come down, one at a time, and to meet with society, and thus they were brought back of their own accord, giving up their rough and savage ways for the delights of Greek customs. Hence this water acquired its peculiar reputation, not because it really induced unchastity, but because those barbarians were softened by the charm of civilization.
Vitruvius, Ten Books on Architecture. Book II, Chapter VIII, § XII.
Artistic allusions 
- A sculpture by François-Joseph Bosio, La nymphe Salmacis, can be seen on display at the Louvre Museum in Paris.
- Ovid's story of Salmacis and the boy Hermaphroditus is retold by Francis Beaumont in his epyllion 'Salmacis and Hermaphroditus'.
- The story is retold in the song "The Fountain of Salmacis" by Genesis, on the album Nursery Cryme (1971).
- Paintings by Italian artist Roberto Ferri, a set of 3 oil paintings taken from Ovid's myth of Salmacis and Hermaphroditus.
- In his poem "Hermaphroditus", Algernon Charles Swinburne mentions Salmacis.
- Theoi Greek Mythology, Exploring Mythology in Classical Literature & Art Theoi.com
- Bodrum History - Bodrum information, pictures, attractions at Bodrum.org
- Vitruvius Pollio, The Ten Books on Architecture, Morris Hicky Morgan, Ed. Vitr. 2.8.12
- Sculpture: The Nymph Salmacis by François-Joseph Bosio, Louvre Museum, Paris Insecula.com
- Renascence Editions: Salmacis and Hermaphroditus by Francis Beaumont Luminarium.org
- Music Video: Genesis - The Fountain of Salmacis Youtube.com
- Roberto Ferri: Salmace e Ermafrodito, trittico olio su tavola Blogspot.com
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