Salmo

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See Salmo, British Columbia for the Canadian village of the same name.
Salmo
Temporal range: Miocene to Present[1]
Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Salmoniformes
Family: Salmonidae
Subfamily: Salmoninae
Genus: Salmo
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Species
(see text)

Salmo is a genus of fish in the salmon family (Salmonidae) that includes the familiar species Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brown trout (Salmo trutta). The natural distribution of the genus is chiefly European. Only the range of the Atlantic salmon extends to northern North America. The salmons and trouts of the Pacific basin belong to another genus, Onchorhynchus.

The generic name Salmo derives from the Latin salmō (salmon).

The number of distinct species and subspecies in Salmo is a debated issue. Atlantic salmon and brown trout are widespread species, while most of the other taxa are narrowly distributed forms endemic to single watersheds.

Species[edit]

There are currently 46 recognized species in this genus: [2][3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: p.560. Retrieved 2008-01-08. 
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2014). Species of Salmo in FishBase. February 2014 version.
  3. ^ a b c d Turan, D., Kottelat, M. & Engin, S. (2012): The trouts of the Mediterranean drainages of southern Anatolia, Turkey, with description of three new species (Teleostei: Salmonidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 23 (3): 219-236.
  4. ^ a b c Turan, D., Kottelat, M. & Engin, S. (2014): Two new species of trouts from the Euphrates drainage, Turkey (Teleostei: Salmonidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 24 (3) [2013]: 275-288.