From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
See Salmo, British Columbia, for the Canadian village of the same name.
Temporal range: Miocene to present[1]
Salmo salar.jpg
Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Salmoniformes
Family: Salmonidae
Subfamily: Salmoninae
Genus: Salmo
Linnaeus, 1758
(see text)

Salmo is a genus of fish in the salmon family (Salmonidae) that includes the familiar species Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brown trout (Salmo trutta). The natural distribution of the genus is chiefly European. Only the range of the Atlantic salmon extends to northern North America. The salmon and trout of the Pacific basin belong to another genus, Oncorhynchus.

The generic name Salmo derives from the Latin salmō (salmon).

The number of distinct species and subspecies in Salmo is a debated issue. Atlantic salmon and brown trout are widespread species, while most of the other taxa are narrowly distributed forms endemic to single watersheds.


Currently, 46 recognized species are placed in this genus:


  1. ^ Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: p.560. Retrieved 2008-01-08. 
  2. ^ a b c Turan, D., Kottelat, M. & Engin, S. (2012): The trouts of the Mediterranean drainages of southern Anatolia, Turkey, with description of three new species (Teleostei: Salmonidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 23 (3): 219-236.
  3. ^ Turan, D., M. Kottelat and S. Engin, 2009. Two new species of trouts, resident and migratory, sympatric in streams of northern Anatolia (Salmoniformes: Salmonidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 20(4):333-364.
  4. ^ a b Turan, D., Kottelat, M. & Engin, S. (2014): Two new species of trouts from the Euphrates drainage, Turkey (Teleostei: Salmonidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 24 (3) [2013]: 275-288.