Salmon, Idaho

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Salmon, Idaho
City
Salmon ID - aerial.jpg
Motto: "The Birthplace of Sacajawea"[1]
Location in Lemhi County and the state of Idaho
Location in Lemhi County and the state of Idaho
Coordinates: 45°10′41″N 113°54′10″W / 45.17806°N 113.90278°W / 45.17806; -113.90278Coordinates: 45°10′41″N 113°54′10″W / 45.17806°N 113.90278°W / 45.17806; -113.90278
Country United States
State Idaho
County Lemhi
Area[2]
 • Total 2.37 sq mi (6.14 km2)
 • Land 2.33 sq mi (6.03 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation 3,944 ft (1,202 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 3,112
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 3,044
 • Density 1,335.6/sq mi (515.7/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 83467
Area code(s) 208
FIPS code 16-71650
GNIS feature ID 0398084
Website City of Salmon Idaho Website

Salmon is a city in Lemhi County, Idaho, United States. The population was 3,112 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Lemhi County[5].

Located in the Lemhi River valley, Salmon is home to the Sacajawea Interpretive Culture and Education Center, which focuses on Lemhi Shoshone culture, as well as the interaction between Sacagawea and other Shoshone and Lewis and Clark.

History[edit]

Salmon, ID Intersection

The Lewis and Clark Expedition crossed the continental divide at Lemhi Pass, 30 miles (48 km) to the southeast of Salmon. They followed the Salmon River through the present site of the city, then ascended the North Fork of the river to cross into present-day Montana near Lost Trail Pass. The sole female in the party, Sacajawea, was born in the Lemhi Valley near Salmon.[6] The Sacajawea Interpretive, Cultural and Educational Center was opened in Salmon in August 2003.

From 1910 to 1939, Salmon was the western terminus of the now-defunct Gilmore and Pittsburgh Railroad.

Geography[edit]

Salmon is located at 45°10′41″N 113°54′10″W / 45.17806°N 113.90278°W / 45.17806; -113.90278 (45.178110, -113.902660).[7] The elevation is 3944 feet (1202 m) above sea level.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.37 square miles (6.14 km2), of which, 2.33 square miles (6.03 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.[2]

The Salmon River passes through Salmon; white water rafters and other people interested in outdoor recreation have brought additional economic activity to Salmon. The Lemhi River flows into the Salmon River at Salmon.

Climate[edit]

Salmon experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cold, dry winters and hot, slightly wetter summers.

Climate data for Salmon KSRA (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 28.4
(−2)
37.0
(2.8)
49.7
(9.8)
59.9
(15.5)
69.1
(20.6)
77.9
(25.5)
87.3
(30.7)
85.5
(29.7)
74.9
(23.8)
60.3
(15.7)
40.7
(4.8)
29.2
(−1.6)
58.3
(14.6)
Average low °F (°C) 9.3
(−12.6)
15.2
(−9.3)
24.7
(−4.1)
31.8
(−0.1)
39.5
(4.2)
46.1
(7.8)
50.9
(10.5)
48.5
(9.2)
40.4
(4.7)
30.2
(−1)
21.0
(−6.1)
11.4
(−11.4)
30.8
(−0.7)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.68
(17.3)
0.49
(12.4)
0.54
(13.7)
0.79
(20.1)
1.42
(36.1)
1.42
(36.1)
1.03
(26.2)
0.82
(20.8)
0.77
(19.6)
0.65
(16.5)
0.73
(18.5)
0.78
(19.8)
10.12
(257.1)
Source: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000)[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 186
1880 292 57.0%
1890 613 109.9%
1900 398 −35.1%
1910 1,434 260.3%
1920 1,311 −8.6%
1930 1,371 4.6%
1940 2,439 77.9%
1950 2,648 8.6%
1960 2,944 11.2%
1970 2,910 −1.2%
1980 3,308 13.7%
1990 2,941 −11.1%
2000 3,122 6.2%
2010 3,112 −0.3%
source:[9][10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 3,112 people, 1,420 households, and 807 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,335.6 inhabitants per square mile (515.7 /km2). There were 1,628 housing units at an average density of 698.7 per square mile (269.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.5% White, 0.3% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 1,420 households of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.2% were non-families. 37.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.80.

The median age in the city was 45.7 years. 21.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.6% were from 25 to 44; 30% were from 45 to 64; and 20.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 3,122 people, 1,369 households, and 829 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,813.2 people per square mile (700.8/km²). There were 1,576 housing units at an average density of 915.3 per square mile (353.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.76% White, 0.19% African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.61% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.18% of the population.

There were 1,369 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,823, and the median income for a family was $34,844. Males had a median income of $30,417 versus $18,819 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,749. About 15.5% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.3% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

  • J. D. Cannon, American actor, born in Salmon in 1922
  • Dick Randolph, the first Libertarian elected to a U.S. state legislature, born in Salmon in 1936
  • Sacagawea (also Sakakawea, Sacajawea; English pronunciation: /ˌsækədʒəˈwiːə/); (c. 1788 – December 20, 1812)

Education[edit]

Main article: Salmon High School

Education in Salmon is provided by Salmon School District #291.[12]

Media[edit]

Radio[edit]

KSRA (AM) 960 and KSRA-FM 92.7, both owned by Salmon River Communications, are licensed to Salmon.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Salmon, Idaho". City of Salmon, Idaho. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ "Profile for Salmon, Idaho, ID". ePodunk. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.81". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 
  9. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 98.
  10. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Idaho 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ "Salmon School District #291.". Salmon School District #291. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 

External links[edit]