Salouf

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Salouf
Salouf.jpg
Salouf is located in Switzerland
Salouf
Salouf
Coordinates: 46°37′N 9°34′E / 46.617°N 9.567°E / 46.617; 9.567Coordinates: 46°37′N 9°34′E / 46.617°N 9.567°E / 46.617; 9.567
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Albula
Area[1]
 • Total 31.49 km2 (12.16 sq mi)
Elevation 1,258 m (4,127 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 216
 • Density 6.9/km2 (18/sq mi)
Postal code 7462
SFOS number 3538
Surrounded by Andeer, Ferrera, Cunter, Mon, Pignia, Riom-Parsonz, Stierva, Zillis-Reischen
Website http://www.salouf.ch
SFSO statistics

Salouf (until 1943 officially called Salux) is a municipality in the district of Albula in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland.

The population is predominately Romansh-speaking.

Coat of arms[edit]

Salouf's coat of arms depicts a shield with a black background, in the middle a white fleur-de-lys. In each corner and at the bottom is one six pointed silver star. The design is from the shield of Benedict Fontana (a hero of Graubünden) who lived in Salouf.

History[edit]

Salouf is first mentioned in 1160 as Salugo.[3]

Geography[edit]

Salouf has an area, as of 2006, of 31.4 km2 (12.1 sq mi). Of this area, 42.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 28.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (28.1%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located the Surses sub-district of the Albula district. The village lies on a ledge on the east side of Piz Toissa (2,657 meters (8,717 ft)). It consists of the village of Salouf and the hamlets of Mulegn und Del. Until 1943 Salouf was known as Salux.[5]

Demographics[edit]

St. George's church in Salouf

Salouf has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 216.[2] As of 2008, about 1.9% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -3.2%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Salouf is; 7 people or 19.4% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 2 people or 5.6% are 10 to 14, and 2 people or 5.6% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, no one is between 20 to 29 years old. 6 people or 16.7% are 30 to 39, 6 people or 16.7% are 40 to 49, and 3 people or 8.3% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 3 people or 8.3% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 5 people or 13.9% are 70 to 79, there is 1 person or 2.8% who is 80 to 89, and 1 person or 2.8% who is 90 to 99.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 40.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (25.6%), the SPS (16.4%) and the FDP (14.6%).[4]

In Salouf about 69.5% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Salouf has an unemployment rate of 0.57%. As of 2005, there were 39 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 15 businesses involved in this sector. 40 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 5 businesses in this sector. 32 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 7 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][6]

year population
1850 413
1900 287
1950 289
1960 233
1970 206
1980 157
1990 185
2000 280
2010 218

Languages[edit]

The main language of the local people is the Surmiran dialect of Romansh. Its use has declined in recent decades, though to a lesser degree than in neighbouring communities. In 1880 it was 99.1% and 88.54% in 1980. as of 2000, most of the population still speaks Rhaeto-Romance (77.6%), with German being second most common (19.5%) and Portuguese being third ( 1.5%).[4]

Languages in Salouf[edit]

Languages in Salouf
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 13 8.28% 24 12.97% 40 19.51%
Romanish 139 88.54% 152 82.16% 159 77.56%
Italian 4 2.55% 4 2.16% 2 0.98%
Population 157 100% 185 100% 205 100%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Tgesa Fontana or Hotel Fontana is listed as a Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b Salouf in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 01-Oct-2009
  5. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  6. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 01-Oct-2009
This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]