Salsomaggiore Terme

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Salsomaggiore Terme
Comune
Città di Salsomaggiore Terme
The Spa
The Spa
Coat of arms of Salsomaggiore Terme
Coat of arms
Salsomaggiore Terme is located in Italy
Salsomaggiore Terme
Salsomaggiore Terme
Location of Salsomaggiore Terme in Italy
Coordinates: 44°49′N 09°59′E / 44.817°N 9.983°E / 44.817; 9.983Coordinates: 44°49′N 09°59′E / 44.817°N 9.983°E / 44.817; 9.983
Country Italy
Region Emilia-Romagna
Province Parma (PR)
Frazioni See list
Government
 • Mayor Filippo Fritelli (PD)
Area
 • Total 81.68 km2 (31.54 sq mi)
Elevation 157 m (515 ft)
Population (30 April 2009)
 • Total 20,177
 • Density 250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Demonym Salsési
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 43039
Dialing code 0524
Patron saint Vitalis
Saint day April 28
Website Official website

Salsomaggiore Terme is a town and comune in northern Italy. It is located in the province of Parma, in the Emilia-Romagna region, located at the foot of the Apennines. It is a popular Spa town. The water is strongly saline.

Due to its sodium content, the mineral water of Salsomaggiore belongs to the group of salty waters, a bromo-iodine-salt variety. A hypertonic and cold water extracted from artesian wells, 800 to 1,200 metres (2,600 to 3,900 ft) deep, at a temperature of 16 °C (61 °F) and at a density of 16° on the Baumé scale (1 degree Baumé is equivalent to approximately 11 grams (0.39 oz) salt per litre).

The main focus of the town lies in its baths, notably in the "terme" situated in the centre of the town. Since 2007 Salsomaggiore is home of a European Festival called Incontrarsi a Salsomaggiore, a celebration of art, music and theater dedicated to women and their health.

Notable attractions of this town are the central piazza with its clothing shops, the main centre of the town with a gelateria that is renowned throughout the area and the countryside surrounding this valley town.

The two villages nearby, Salsominore and Tabiano, have also their own baths.

History[edit]

During the reign of Marie Louise as Duchess of Parma that Salsomaggiore started to be recognized as a spa attraction for therapeutic purposes. Salsomaggiore then became one of the most famous and celebrated watering places in Europe.

Notable people[edit]

Lorenzo Berzieri, a doctor from Salsomaggiore, was the first person to successfully determine through experiment the therapeutic qualities of the bromo-iodine salt water, which was known and used in pre-Roman times for the extraction of salt.

Cristian Grossi, a contemporary artist, designer and fashion illustrator, famous for being the greatest exponent of New Art Nouveaux, introducing electronic art in retro Liberty style.

Frazioni[edit]

Bargone, Cangelasio, Ceriati, Contignaco-Cella, Costa, Costamarenga, Fornacchia, Gorzano, I Passeri, Longone-Colombaia, Montauro, Pie' di Via, Pieve di Cusignano, Rossi, Salsominore, San Vittore, Scipione Castello, Scipione Ponte, Tabiano Bagni, Tabiano Castello, Tosini, Vascelli.

Twin cities[edit]

External links and references[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.