|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2009)|
Tamar Bridge and Royal Albert Bridge
Saltash shown within Cornwall
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Police||Devon and Cornwall|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
|UK Parliament||South East Cornwall|
Saltash (Cornish: Essa) is a town and civil parish in southeast Cornwall, England, UK. It has a population of 14,964, which rose to 16,184 at the 2011 census. It lies in the south east of Cornwall, facing Plymouth over the River Tamar. It was in the Caradon district until March 2009 and is known as "the gateway to Cornwall". Saltash means ash tree by the salt mill. Saltash is the largest town within the East Cornwall area and is one of the largest in Cornwall.
Saltash is the location of Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Royal Albert Bridge, opened by HRH Prince Albert on 2 May 1859. It takes the railway line across the River Tamar. Alongside it is the Tamar Bridge, a toll bridge carrying the A38 trunk road, which in 2001 became the first suspension bridge to be widened whilst remaining open to traffic.
Saltash railway station is close to the town centre. It was hoped that the empty buildings could be restored as a visitor centre for the bridge, but they have instead been purchased by a property developer. The station is served by a regular train service, with some direct High Speed services to and from London Paddington.
The cottage of Mary Newman, Sir Francis Drake's first wife, can be found in Saltash on Culver Road downhill from Saltash railway station.
Nearby are the castles at Trematon and Ince, as well as the nature reserve at Churchtown Farm, where there are some wonderful walks, with stunning views of the river. Burrell House near Saltash was built in 1621 and has a wing dated 1636. The entrance side was altered in the 18th century.
The town expanded in the 1990s with the addition of the large new estate Latchbrook, and again with the more recent building of another housing area, Pillmere. In the summer of 2009 the Saltash postcode area was judged as the most desirable place to live in Great Britain in a survey that included statistics from school results and crime figures.
There is no doubt that the history of Saltash is linked to the passage, or ferrying place across the Tamar. The original ferry became established by fishermen for those passing to and from the monastery at St Germans and to Trematon Castle.
After the Norman Conquest, Robert, Count of Mortain, who held the castle and manor at Trematon, took the market from the canons at St. Germans and established it at Saltash. The Count granted Trematon and other manors to the de Valletorts, who had then to provide for the ferry boat. In the twelfth century a borough was founded (1190), and Saltash became the only franchised seaport between Dartmouth and Fowey. This fact has given rise to the Saltash saying, Saltash was a borough town, when Plymouth was a fuzzy down ('fuzzy' = 'fursy' i.e. covered in gorse), as the town of Plymouth and its seaport did not exist in 1190. In medieval times the ferry was part of the manor of Trematon, held by the Valletorts.
Antony Passage Ferry
The Antony Passage Ferry, which is mentioned in documents as early as 1324, was situated within the St Stephens suburb of Saltash civil parish. The ferry belonged to the Daunay family in the 14th Century, in 1450 it passed to the Carew family, and by the end of the 18th century it was taken over by the Crosley family, who operated the ferry for several generations, until it fell into disuse in the early 1950s. The route linked Jupiter Point (part of the Antony Estate), Antony Passage and Passage Point (both part of Saltash).
Officially the Antony Passage Ferry is still in existence since, as a public ferry, an Act of Parliament would be necessary to terminate it, and it still appears on Ordnance Survey maps. 
The Charter of Incorporation refers to the place as 'Essa' (Latin for 'Ash'). However, the spelling of the town has changed over the years. For example, in Edward the Confessor's time it was called and spelt 'Aysche'. In the 1584 Charter it is stated that Essa is now commonly called Saltash. A family called Essa lived in the twelfth century at their property near Ashtor Rock, where the Manor Courts were once held. The 'Salt' part of the name was added to distinguish it from other places called Ash.
Roger de Valletort (Reginald de Valle Torta) sold out in 1270 to Richard, Earl of Cornwall and King of the Romans while Edward, the Black Prince, became the first Duke of Cornwall, and a visitor to Trematon Castle.
in 1549 there was a Cornish insurrection against the introduction of the Protestant liturgy, and the rebels under Humphrey Arundell, for which he was beheaded at Tyburn, gained possession of Trematon Castle by treachery, capturing Sir Richard Grenville, the elder, in the process. They then carried out acts of barbarity on their surprised visitors.
The arms of Saltash are Az. the base water proper in pale an escutcheon Or thereon a lion rampant Gu. within a bordure Sa. bezantee ensigned with a prince's coronet of the third on either side of the escutcheon an ostrich feather Arg. labelled Or. There are seals of Saltash: A three-masted ship with sails furled at anchor; and An escutcheon charges with a lion rampant within a bordure bezantee resting upon water surmounted by a coronet composed on crosses patee and fleurs-de-lis and either side an ostrich feather; with the legends "Sigillum aquate Saltash" and "Sigillum Saltashe" respectively.
The parish church of Saltash was, until 1881, at St Stephens by Saltash, one mile from the town. Though of earlier foundation, the structure of the building is largely 15th century: there are two aisles and the tower is west of the north aisle. The font is Norman.
This church probably founded in Norman times by the lords of Trematon Castle. Like the castle it belonged later to the Earls and Dukes of Cornwall; in 1351 King Edward III appropriated it to the Deanery of Windsor so that the benefice became a vicarage. In medieval times there was a chapel at Saltash and private chapels at Shillingham ((1318), Trehan ((1332), Earth (1413) and Trevalward (1395). The chapel at Saltash was dedicated to St Nicholas and St Faith and became the parish church of the town in 1881.
St Nicholas's church has an unbuttressed tower adjoining the former north transept which remains from the original Norman church. Also Norman are the blocked south door, most of the masonry of the chancel, the nave, the south transept and the west wall. A north chancel chapel was added in the 14th century. In the 15th century a north aisle was added to the nave; the wagon roofs of the north aisle and the nave are of the same date. The font is probably Norman and is of an unusual vague shape. There is a monument to three naval officers, John and James Drew and J. W. Drew, who were drowned in 1798 and 1799.
Primary schools in Saltash include Burraton CP School, Bishop Cornish(V.A) Primary School, Brunel School (previously Longstone Infant School and Saltash Junior School) and St Stephens School, St Germans CP School
Cornwall College has a campus in Saltash.
Saltash hosts a number of annual festivals: Saltash Mayfair takes place in and around Fore Street during early May, and Saltash Town Regatta brings music and entertainment to the Waterside area in the summer. On the water there are intense Gig races with the best teams taking part, along with Flashboat rowing and dinghy racing, and the now infamous 'England and back' race between local organisations. For 2008 a new five towns challenge has been added to the list of events, pitting Saltash against Liskeard, Callington, Looe and Torpoint. Ashore you will find many stalls, music and marquees. See the Regatta and Mayfair websites listed below for more information.
- Sir Evan Nepean 1st Bt was born in St Stephens near Saltash in 1752.
- George Carter Bignell, the eminent entomologist, lived on Home Park Road until his death in 1910. A large collection of his insect specimens is held at the Plymouth Museum.
- Dame Moura Lympany the pianist was born in Saltash in 1916.
- Ann Glanville, born 1796; champion gig rower who lived all her life in Saltash.
- Mary Newman, first wife of Sir Francis Drake.
Sport and leisure
Livewire Youth Project, a music-themed youth club, is located on the banks of the River Tamar. The club boasts a recording studio, band practice rooms, and a 300 person capacity music venue. Well known bands such as The Damned and The Hoosiers have played at the project. Social, romantic and sexual health advice and support is offered by Livewire as well.
Saltash Leisure centre provides a leisure pool, gym and fitness facilities. Not far to the north is the China Fleet Country Club which has an 18-hole championship standard golf course, a swimming pool with spa and other fitness facilities.
The Saltash Sailing Club caters for all ages with over 100 cadets out on the water on a Friday night. There are dinghy and yacht races and activities organised for those less competitive.
A BMX and skatepark are available in the Saltmill Park along with pieces of public art. Saltmill is also home to an all-weather pitch available to local organisations.
Saltash Tennis Centre, which is located behind the Leisure centre. The tennis centre consists of two grass courts and two hard courts, along with a clubhouse with male and female changing. The club currently has three men's team in the Plymouth and District league (P&D league) and a womans team in the associative ladies P&D league. The club also has two junior teams in the U19 P&D leagues.
- Cotehele House (National Trust)
- St. Mellion International Resort
- Royal Albert Bridge
- Tamar Bridge
- River Cruises from Saltash Pier
- China Fleet Country Club
- Elliott's Shop - historic grocery store
- Mary Newman's Cottage
- Saltash Art Trail
- Saltash Heritage Trail
- Saltash Museum and local history centre
- Saltash Tennis Centre
- Saltmill Park
- Celtic Cross
- Saltash United FC
- Tideford Cricket Club
Other things named Saltash
There have been both real and fictitious Royal Navy ships named HMS Saltash. "Saltash" is also a popular traditional Cornish tune. At Brunel University, Uxbridge, one of the halls of residence is named Saltash because of Brunel's Royal Albert Bridge. British saxophonist John Surman's 2012 album (produced by ECM) is named Saltash Bells.
- "List of Place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel". Cornish Language Partnership. May 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-11.
- Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Caradon. Retrieved 30 January 2010.
- "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 11 February 2015.
- Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 48
- Khan, Urmee (10 August 2009). "Saltash in Cornwall is Britain's most desirable postcode". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- Henderson, C. (1935) "Cornish Ferries", in Essays in Cornish History, edited by A. L. Rowse and M. I. Henderson. Oxford: Clarendon Press; pp. 163-67
- "Antony Passage Ferry - Saltash". Brucehunt.co.uk. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- Pascoe, W. H. (1979). A Cornish Armory. Padstow, Cornwall: Lodenek Press. p. 134. ISBN 0-902899-76-7.
- Pascoe; pp. 134-35
- Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 199 & 192
- Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed., revised by Enid Radcliffe. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 206
- "George Bignell". Plymouth.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- "Saltash History - Ann Glanville". Kernoweb.myby.co.uk. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- "Saltash History - Mary Newman". Kernoweb.myby.co.uk. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- "Livewire Youth Music Project". Livewireyouth.com. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- Vosper, Douglas C. (1968). A Glimpse of Saltash. Liskeard: Snell & Cowling.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saltash.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Saltash.|