Chemical plant cooling tower seen from Paull Haven
Salt End shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
|OS grid reference|
|Unitary authority||East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Ceremonial county||East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|UK Parliament||Beverley and Holderness|
Salt End or Saltend is a hamlet in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England, in an area known as Holderness. It is situated on the north bank of the Humber just outside the Hull eastern boundary on the A1033 road. It forms part of the civil parish of Preston.
Salt End is dominated by a BP chemical works and a gas-fired power station owned by International Power.
BP Chemical works
The BP Chemical works at Salt End produces about 600,000 tonnes of acetic acid per year, the largest manufacturer in Europe; and about 150,000 tonnes of acetic anhydride per year. Acetic acid is used in VAM, PTA esters and other intermediates and acetic anhydride is used in cellulose acetate and chemical derivatives.
INEOS, which is a third party company operating on the BP Salt End site also produces vinyl acetate monomer (VAM) which is used in paints, adhesives, floor coverings and clothing. Ethyl acetate (ETAC) is used in printing inks, glues, paints, packaging, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.
It was in March 2007 when BP announced the sale of VAM and ETAC which were bought by INEOS.
Vivergo Fuels is a joint venture between BP, British Sugar and DuPont, with a 330,000 te/yr wheat-to-bioethanol plant at Saltend. After completion in 2012 the unit was intended to be the largest such plant in the UK and the 5th largest in Europe. Bioethanol would be blended into petrol.
Vivergo was the subject of industrial action in March–April 2011 resulting from the termination of a contract with Redhall Engineering. Construction was delayed for several months, but in August 2011 it restarted. Protests at the gate of the Saltend site were heavily policed owing to severe disruption of the site and the road network to the east of Kingston upon Hull.
Salt End cogeneration plant
Saltend Power Station was commissioned in 2000 by Entergy an American power generator. It was later sold to Calpine Corporation, also an American power generator, in August 2001 for £562 million. In July 2005, Salt End was sold to International Power and Mitsui (70:30 share) for £500 million. The site was built by Mitsubishi (MHI) and Raytheon.
The station is run on gas using single shaft 3 x Mitsubishi 701F gas Turbines machines with Alstom 400 MWe generators. The station has a total output of 1200 MW; of that 100 MW is allocated to supply BP Chemicals. Each gas turbine has a Babcock Borsig Power (BBP) heat recovery steam generator, which all lead to one steam turbine per unit (single shaft machine means Gas turbine and Steam Turbine are on the same shaft). The waste product of electricity generation is steam at the rate of about 120 tonnes/hr which is sold to BP Chemicals to use in their process. This makes Salt End one of the most efficient power stations in the UK.
In June 2009 the Environment Agency issued an environmental permit to Waste Recycling Group for a non-hazardous waste incinerator at Queen Elizabeth Dock, Saltend. The plant is an energy from waste facility, which will burn waste at high temperatures and use the energy to generate electricity.
- "Hull plant workers protest as contracts are terminated". BBC News (BBC). 22 March 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "East Yorkshire biofuel plant back on track". BBC News (BBC). 23 August 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "Two men arrested as police target Saltend protest to keep roads clear". This is Hull and East Riding. 13 April 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "International Power completes acquisition of 1,200 MW Saltend Power Plant, Hull, England". International Power plc. 28 July 2005. Archived from the original on 4 July 2008. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- "Environment Agency gives green light to build incinerator at Saltend". This is Hull and East Riding. 24 June 2009. Retrieved 15 October 2009.
- Gazetteer – A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 10.