|Company||Cirque du Soleil|
|Show type||Touring tent show (1992-2006); touring arena show (2007-2012)|
|Date of premiere||April 23, 1992
(Big Top version)
Oct 14, 1998 (reinstated)
July 31, 2007 (Arena version)
|Final show||December 30, 2012|
|Director of creation||Gilles Ste-Croix (1992)
Carmen Ruest (2007)
|Costume designer||Dominique Lemieux|
|Set designer||Michel Crête|
|Choreographer||Debra Brown (1992)
Hélène Lemay (2007)
|Lighting designer||Luc Lafortune|
|Sound designer||Jonathan Deans (1992)
François Desjardins (2007)
|Make-up designer||Nathalie Gagné (2007)|
|Mask designer||André Hénault (1992)|
|Clown act creator and acting consultant||René Bazinet (2007)|
|Production manager||Pierre Guillotte (2007)|
|Preceded by||Nouvelle Expérience (1990)|
|Succeeded by||Mystère (1993)|
Saltimbanco was a touring show by Cirque du Soleil. Saltimbanco ran from 1992 to 2006 in its original form, performed under a large circus tent called the Grand Chapiteau; its last performance in that form was in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on December 10, 2006. A new adaptation of the show started touring North America on July 31, 2007, with its first stop in London, Ontario, Canada. The new version was staged in arenas, with shorter stops in each city it visited.
The show was described by Cirque du Soleil as a celebration of life. Its creators say they developed it as an antidote to the violence and despair prevalent in the 20th century.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Set and technical information
- 4 Cast
- 5 Acts
- 6 Costumes
- 7 Music
- 8 Tour
- 8.1 Arena tour
- 8.2 Grand Chapiteau tour
- 8.2.1 1992 schedule
- 8.2.2 1993 schedule
- 8.2.3 1994 schedule
- 8.2.4 1995 schedule
- 8.2.5 1996 schedule
- 8.2.6 1997 schedule
- 8.2.7 1998 schedule
- 8.2.8 1999 schedule
- 8.2.9 2000 schedule
- 8.2.10 2001 schedule
- 8.2.11 2002 schedule
- 8.2.12 2003 schedule
- 8.2.13 2004 schedule
- 8.2.14 2005 schedule
- 8.2.15 2006 schedule
- 9 References
- 10 External links
English has lost the word 'saltimbank' from current usage; but it is still familiar in Spanish, Portuguese and Italian as 'saltimbanco', and in French as 'saltimbanque', meaning 'street acrobat' or 'entertainer'. According to the company's site, the word "saltimbanco" comes from the Italian "saltare in banco", which means "to jump on a bench." The etymology of the word reflects its acrobatic associations. A 'salto' is a somersault in Italian; 'banco' in this connection is a trestle holding a board, set up as a temporary stage for open-air performers. 'Saltimbanchi' were thus those who performed somersaults on a temporary platform—wandering acrobats, performing as buskers in the open air, the platform giving their audience a better view.
Saltimbanco was Cirque du Soleil's longest running production when it closed at the end of 2012. In 2011 it was the first show by Cirque du Soleil to be presented in Turkey, and Ukraine, in 2012 the first show in Slovakia and in Amman, Jordan. Saltimbanco's last performance took place in Montreal on December 30, 2012 after 6,000 big top and arena appearances before 14 million spectators in 140 cities worldwide.
Set and technical information
Saltimbanco's set played on opposites and contradictions located within a cityscape. A rosace made of metal rings suspended over the stage allowed light to filter through like leaves on a tree. The lighting was cinematic in effect due to the usage of different colored gels. The facts listed below applied to the arena format of Saltimbanco, although some of these were also applicable to the grand chapiteau tour as well.
- The stage was 110 feet (34 m) in length and 65 feet (20 m) in width.
- The Chinese poles were 24 feet (7.3 m) in height.
- The equipment for the show weighed a total of 180 tonnes (180 long tons; 200 short tons) and was transported and configured by 26 specialty technicians and 12 truck drivers.
- Approximately 140 people were hired locally in each city to set up and load out the show for the arena.
The 51-member performance troupe included multiple musicians, singers, acrobats, and characters. Characters mentioned in the show's promotional literature included: the Urban Worms, the Multicolored Worms, the Cavaliers, the Baroques, Death, the Ringmaster, the Baron, the Dreamer, the Child, Eddie, and La Belle.
- Adagio trio: Three acrobats performed in an adagio that drew inspiration from acrosport.
- Chinese poles: Up to 26 performers performed in this act using four 25-foot-tall (7.6 m) poles in the middle of the stage. They climbed up, dropped down, jumped between, hung from, and even spun on these poles.
- Balancing on canes: A handbalance artist performed feats of strength and various contortion poses, including the Marinelli bend, while balancing on high handstand supports.
- Juggling: A juggler used multiple balls in a display of increasing dexterity.
- Boleadoras: Two performers twirled boleadoras in this unique act. The bolas are a percussion instrument that is hit against the ground to produce a loud popping sound.
- Russian swing: Multiple artists jumped off a large swing, performing twists, spins, and flips, before landing on human pyramids, a mat, and other props.
- Solo trapeze: A young artist swung a trapeze incredibly high, whenever the trapeze was swung high the artist would spin up multiple times, and would catch the bar of the trapeze with her legs.
- Hand-to-hand: A duo used an incredible amount of body strength in this act as one would balance in a handstand on the other.
- Bungee: Four aerialists suspended from bungees flipped, swung, and bounced in synchronization with each other.
- Aerial straps: A performer swung on these straps and would use upper body strength to create many dangerous poses.
- Tight rope (double wire): An acrobat ascended a wire as two more tightropes, one three feet higher than the other, were revealed. She performed various tricks including flips, spins, and splits. She even backflipped from one rope to the other, and then jumped back. This act was removed from the arena version due to rigging issues.
- Contortion: This act featured four female contortionists from a previous Cirque du Soleil show, Nouvelle Expérience. It replaced the hand-to-hand act for several years, but did not continue after the 1999 revival.
- Diabolo: This was a solo diabolo act using Western-style diabolo tricks.
- Vertical rope: This was one of the original Saltimbanco acts, a Spanish web act originally performed by the adagio troupe. This act was not seen outside of the North America/Japan tour.
- Manipulation: This act featured three women manipulating ribbons and hoops. It replaced the boleadoras act.
- Artistic bicycle: A bicycle artist wheeled around the stage, all the while playing the guitar, hand balancing, swinging and dancing on wheels.
- Duo trapeze: This act featured two female artists who would swing on a trapeze, one would leap off and would be caught at the last minute by the other performer and be brought back onto the trapeze for the next trick.
The costumes in Saltimbanco were bright and vivid in color to accentuate the dynamism of the urban city. The colors used in the costumes were all primary colors: cyan, yellow, magenta, and green. The Baron, clad in black, red, and white, wore a cape, length-arm gloves, and tights. The Multi-Colored Worms wore jumpsuits that covered everything but their faces. The Urban Worms's masks were made of a polyester resin base which was both hypoallergenic and permeable to air.
The Saltimbanco score was written and composed by René Dupéré, and was released as a studio album on October 9, 1992. The music has a range of musical influences from the classical to the modern. Saltimbanco marked the first time Cirque du Soleil's music used an invented language for the lyrics, a tradition that has persisted in most of the company's subsequent musical scores.
The original soundtrack features the vocal work of Canadian vocalist Francine Poitras. In 2005, Cirque du Soleil re-recorded and released the soundtrack to update its music. Some songs were completely re-recorded, while others had new instrumentation added and included Poitras's original vocal track. Additional and new vocals were provided by Laurence Janot, a French singer who was touring with the show at the time. Every track was slightly edited in some form from the original CD.
Several other limited editions of the album have been released. In 2001 Cirque du Soleil Musique released a limited edition of the original 1992 soundtrack featuring two additional tracks, "Arlequin" and "Adagio" (performed by Laur Fugere). Another limited edition of the CD, Saltimbanco Live in Amsterdam, was created and distributed exclusively to staff members of Saltimbanco. The employee special edition features a live, in-house recording of an entire performance and is considered a collector's item.
Below is the list of tracks featured in the 2005 re-release of the album and alongside are the acts during which each song was performed.
- Kumbalawé (Opening pt. 2)
- Saltimbanco (Chinese poles)
- Cantus-Mélopée (Solo trapeze)
- Norweg (Double wire)
- Kazé (Double wire)
- Barock (Russian swing)
- Adagio (Adagio trio)
- Amazonia (Duo trapeze)
- Pokinoï (Vertical rope)
- Il Sogno Di Volare (Bungee)
- Horéré Ukundé (Finale)
- Rideau (Opening pt. 1)
Saltimbanco toured around the world several times during its original 14-year tour under the Grand Chapiteau. It played its final show in the Royal Albert Hall in London on 1 February 1997. Saltimbanco was revived the following year on 14 October 1998, and went on to tour the Asia-Pacific region. The show played for another nine years, becoming the first Cirque du Soleil show to tour South America, with visits to Santiago, Chile (March 2006); Buenos Aires, Argentina (May 2006); and São Paulo (August 2006) and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (October 2006). That tour's final performance took place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on 10 December 2006.
Following its closure in December 2006, Saltimbanco was configured into an arena show format, and re-launched in July 2007 to commence an extensive North American tour, visiting cities and areas that Cirque du Soleil had previously been unable to visit. The tour started in London, Ontario and subsequently toured Canada and the United States. Saltimbanco’s three-year tour of North America ended in Columbus, Ohio. In 2009 the show embarked on its third tour of Europe. Between 2011 and 2012, it visited over 50 cities in South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Asia, Eastern Europe, and North America.
The following colorboxes indicate the region of each performance:
Europe North America South America Asia/Pacific Oceania Africa
Grand Chapiteau tour
Montréal, QC - From 23 Apr 1992 to 2 Jun 1992 (show première)
Costa Mesa, CA - From 30 Jan 1993 to 14 Mar 1993
Tokyo, JP - From 11 Mar 1994 to 11 Sep 1994
Amsterdam, NL - From 9 Mar 1995 to 13 Apr 1995
London, UK - From 5 Jan 1996 to 28 Jan 1996
Royal Albert Hall, London, UK - From 2 Jan 1997 to 1 Feb 1997
Ottawa, ON - From 14 Oct 1998 to 1 Nov 1998
Sydney, AU - From 7 Jan 1999
Hong Kong, HK - From 25 Jan 2000 to 19 Mar 2000
Fukuoka, JP - From 9 Feb 2001 to 8 Apr 2001
Amsterdam, NL - From 14 Feb 2002 to 14 Apr 2002
Royal Albert Hall, London, UK - From 7 Jan 2003 to 6 Feb 2003
Seville, ES - From 16 Jan 2004 to 22 Feb 2004
Manchester, UK - From 6 Jan 2005 to 27 Jan 2005
Mexico City, MX - From 13 Jan 2006 to 5 Feb 2006
- Saltimbanque - WordReference.com Dictionnaire Français-Anglais
- Acrobats and Mountebanks, Le Roux, Hugues, 1860–1925; Garnier, Jules Arsène, 1847–1889, ill; Morton, A. P Translated A P Morton. London, Chapman and Hall 1890. View at http://www.archive.org/details/acrobatsmounteba00lero
- Pat Donnelly (14 December 2012). "Cirque du Soleil’s Saltimbanco: A final bow, but no last rites". The Gazette (Montreal).
- "Saltimbanco Press Kit". Cirque du Soleil (Press Kit). Retrieved 2011-03-08.
- "For the First Time ever in Turkey, the Legendary, Original Cirque du Soleil Presents the Signature Production Saltimbanco". Cirque du Soleil Press Release. 2011-02-09. Retrieved 2011-10-08.
- "Cirque du Soleil Presents for the First Time in Slovakia the Signature Production Saltimbanco". Cirque du Soleil Press Release. 2011-09-19. Retrieved 2011-10-08.
- http://www.cirquedusoleil.com/en/about/global-citizenship/review/2012/special-projects/saltimbanco.aspx. Missing or empty
- "Saltimbanco Characters". Cirque du Soleil (Press Material). Retrieved 2011-03-06.
- "Satimbanco Acts". Cirque du Soleil (Press Material). Retrieved 2011-03-06.
- "Saltimbanco Acts". The Cirque Tribune. Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2012-12-25.
- Clément, Ronald (2009). Cirque du Soleil 25 Years of Costumes (in CN, EN, FR, JP). Canada: Dépôt légal, Bibliothèque et Archives Canada. pp. 22–27. ISBN 978-2-9803493-4-8.
- CTDB - Saltimbanco (Tour Schedule)
- Saltimbanco’s official page at Cirque du Soleil
- Alexis Brothers: Official website of Marco and Paulo Lorador, the original hand-to-hand act in Saltimbanco.
- Armen Chakmakian and Armen Blog: Official website and blog for Armen Chakmakian, keyboardist for Saltimbanco band.
- Artistic Bicycle: Ivan Do-Duc - Artistic bicycle act in Saltimbanco