Salto Grande Dam

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Salto Grande Dam
Represa Salto Grande - satellite image.JPG
The dam as seen from space.
Location Concordia
Coordinates 31°15′15″S 57°55′43″W / 31.25417°S 57.92861°W / -31.25417; -57.92861Coordinates: 31°15′15″S 57°55′43″W / 31.25417°S 57.92861°W / -31.25417; -57.92861
Construction began 1974
Opening date 1979
Dam and spillways
Impounds Uruguay River
Height 65 m (213 ft)
Length 3,000 m (9,800 ft)
Spillway capacity 64,000 m3/s (2,300,000 cu ft/s)
Creates Salto Grande Reservoir
Total capacity 5 km3 (1.8×1011 cu ft)
Catchment area 224,000 km2 (86,000 sq mi)
Surface area 783 km2 (302 sq mi)
Power station
Turbines 14 × 135 MW
Installed capacity 1,890 MW

The Salto Grande Dam is a large hydroelectric dam on the Uruguay River, located between Concordia, Argentina, and Salto, Uruguay; thus is shared between the two countries.

The construction of the dam began in 1974 and was completed in 1979. Power is generated by fourteen Kaplan turbines, totalling the installed capacity to 1,890 MW. The dam passes approximately 64,000 m3 (2,300,000 cu ft) of water per second, compared to the current average flow of the Uruguay River at 4,622 m3 (163,224 cu ft). The reservoir has a total area of 783 km2 (302 sq mi), while its maximum dimensions are 140 km × 9 km (87.0 mi × 5.6 mi).[1][2]

The Salto Grande dam.
Inside the generator hall.

See also[edit]