Salton City, California
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2009)|
Location in Imperial County and the state of California
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Total||21.431 sq mi (55.506 km2)|
|• Land||21.431 sq mi (55.506 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||-125 ft (-38 m)|
|• Density||180/sq mi (68/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1853413, 2409242|
Salton City is a census-designated place (CDP) in Imperial County, California. The population was 3,763 at the 2010 census, up from 978 in 2000. It is the largest Imperial County development on the Salton coast. It is part of the El Centro, California Metropolitan Statistical Area. Although maps at first view show Salton City to be a sizable community, very few of the surveyed streets and roads were ever developed. The town was developed in the 1950s and established in 1958 primarily by M. Penn Phillips and the Holly Sugar Corporation as a resort community on the Salton Sea, a saline, endorheic rift lake located directly on the San Andreas Fault, yet very little development was achieved due to its isolation and lack of local employment opportunities.
In the 1970s, most of the buildings constructed along the shoreline were abandoned due to rising sea elevation, including the city's marina. In the 1980s, the Imperial Irrigation District took proactive water conservation measures to reduce the flow of unused canal water into the Salton Sea. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, as salinity and suspected pollution levels in the Salton Sea increased, the attraction of the Salton Sea as a recreational destination diminished. Most of the original tourist related structures fell during this time, including the Truckhaven Cafe, the Salton Bay Yacht Club hotel and restaurant, and the Holly House motel and restaurant (later renamed Desser House and then the Sundowner).
In the 2000s, development in Salton City began to rise as a result of the escalating California housing market. Cheap land and housing costs, improvements to Highway 86, and a casino opened by Torres-Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians attracted new residents.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 21.1 square miles (55 km2), all land. This area makes Salton City the largest city or town in terms of land area in the Imperial Valley.
Salton City is located on relatively flat ground. Several washes flow from the mountains to the west creating small gorges where any flowing run-off will drain into the Salton Sea. The vegetation of the CDP consists of mostly sparse desert shrub; however, in developed areas a variety of palm trees as well as other deciduous trees survive. Salton City is positioned between the eastern slope of the Peninsular Ranges and the western coast of the Salton Sea.
To the north of the CDP are Salton Sea Beach and Desert Shores. Salton City is approximately 50 miles from the Imperial County seat of El Centro and 110 and 115 miles respectively from the coastal San Diego County cities of Oceanside and San Diego.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Salton City had a population of 3,763. The population density was 175.6 people per square mile (67.8/km²). The racial makeup of Salton City was 2,260 (60.1%) White, 80 (2.1%) African American, 61 (1.6%) Native American, 61 (1.6%) Asian, 5 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 1,159 (30.8%) from other races, and 137 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,368 persons (62.9%).
The Census reported that 3,763 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 1,204 households, out of which 513 (42.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 653 (54.2%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 134 (11.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 91 (7.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 67 (5.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 12 (1.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 269 households (22.3%) were made up of individuals and 133 (11.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.13. There were 878 families (72.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.73.
The population was spread out with 1,247 people (33.1%) under the age of 18, 350 people (9.3%) aged 18 to 24, 890 people (23.7%) aged 25 to 44, 813 people (21.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 463 people (12.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.3 years. For every 100 females there were 101.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.1 males.
There were 2,026 housing units at an average density of 94.5 per square mile (36.5/km²), of which 833 (69.2%) were owner-occupied, and 371 (30.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 18.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 20.3%. 2,425 people (64.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,338 people (35.6%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the 2000 United States Census, 978 people, 416 households, and 267 families resided in the CDP. The population density was 45.2 people per square mile (17.5/km²). There were 730 housing units at an average density of 33.8 per square mile (13.0/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 73.6% White, 0.8% African American, 1.9% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 17.4% from other races, and 5.5% from two or more races. 32.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 416 households out of which 21.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.4 and the average family size was 2.9.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 18.9% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 30.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $21,563, and the median income for a family was $20,208. Males had a median income of $26,458 versus $4,886 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $14,106. About 26.3% of families and 29.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 71.8% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.
In 2004-2007, Salton City experienced a housing boom. Several hundred new houses were built.
Salton City and its neighboring community of Desert Shores are governed by the Salton Community Services District (SCSD) which is a special district per California Government Code. The legislative body of the SCSD is a five member Board of Directors who are elected by the registered voters in the district every two years.
The SCSD is authorized to provide seven services: 1. Collect, treat, or dispose of sewage. 2. Collect, transfer, and dispose of solid waste. 3. Provide fire protection. 4. Acquire, construct recreational facilities. 5. Organize, promote community recreation. 6. Acquire, construct, and improve street lighting and landscaping. 7. Provide emergency medical services.
Aside from acting as the architectural committee for architectural compliance with the Covenants, Conditions, and Restrictions (CC&R's) of the 80 plus tracts within the district the SCSD has no land use authority under existing law, that responsibility falls on the County of Imperial Board of Supervisors.
State and Federal
Salton City was mentioned in the Los Angeles episode of the Travel Channel series Off Limits.
References in books
J. A. Jance's novel Trial by Fire is partly set in Salton City.
- "Salton City". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey.
- U.S. Census
- The San Diego Union-Tribune, March 9, 2005, "Salton Sea Timeline", http://legacy.signonsandiego.com/uniontrib/20050309/news_1c9seaside2.html
- Laflin, P., 1995, "The Salton Sea: California's overlooked treasure.", The Periscope, Coachella Valley Historical Society, Indio, California, 61 pp, (Reprinted in 1999), , http://www.sci.sdsu.edu/salton/PeriscopeSaltonSeaCh7-9.html
- Greenfield, Steven. "A Lake by Mistake" in Invention & Technology magazine Volume 21 Number 3 Winter 2006. http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/it/2006/3/2006_3_38.shtml
- Redlands Institute, "Salton Sea atlas", ESRI, 2002, ISBN 1-58948-043-0, p.32
- Imperial Irrigation District, "Salton Sea", http://www.iid.com/Water_Index.php?pid=600
- National Geographic (magazine), Joel K. Bourne, Jr., "Salton Sea", Feb. 2005, http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/0502/feature5/index.html
- Imperial Valley Press (2005), Salorio, Michael A., "West Shores community has high hopes for growth"
- Los Angeles Times (July 1, 2007), Streitfeld, David., "Salton City: A land of dreams and dead fish", http://articles.latimes.com/2007/jul/01/business/fi-salton1
- All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Senators". State of California. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
- "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
- "California's 51st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
- William deBuys, Joan Myers, "Salt Dreams: Land and Water in Low-Down California", UNM Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8263-2428-2
- The 2006 documentary film Plagues and Pleasures on the Salton Sea (narrated by John Waters) documented the lives of the inhabitants of Salton City, as well as the ecological issues associated with the Sea - www.saltonseadoc.com.
- Salton Sea West non-commercial website with a large library of government documents pertaining to Salton City
- Imperial Irrigation District website documenting history and water quality of the Salton Sea