The first known Saltukid is Ali, who was ruler of Erzurum in 1103. His son and successor was Saltuk, who succeeded him sometime after 1123. Saltuk had a female relative, a daughter or sister, who married Shah-i- Armind of Akhlat, Sukman II.
The Beys of Saltuk left important works of architecture, particularly in Erzurum and Mamahatun.
The Saltukid dynasty is also notable for having a woman, Melike Mama Hatun, sister of Nasiruddin Muhammed, directly administering its realm for an estimated nine years, between 1191 and 1200. She was later dethroned by the Beys and replaced by her son Malik-Shah once she had started searching for a husband among the Mamluk nobility. Mama Hatun built an impressive caravanserai in the town of Tercan, where her mausoleum also stands. Tercan itself used to be called "Mamahatun", and is sometimes still called as such locally.
The name of the ruling dynasty of the beylik should not be confused with that of Sarı Saltuk, a Turkishmystic and saint; who is of later date, more associated with western Anatolia and the Balkans (especially Dobruja), and to whom the epic Saltuknâme is dedicated. The last ruler of Saltukids, Alaeddin Muhammed, was dethroned and imprisoned by the Sultan of RumSüleymanshah II during Süleymanshah's Georgian rout in 1202. So that Saltukids was annexed by Sultanate of Rum.
(Book cover)Oktay Aslanapa (1991). Anadolu'da ilk Türk mimarisi: Başlangıcı ve gelişmesi (Early Turkish architecture in Anatolia: Beginnings and development) ISBN 975-16-0264-5(in Turkish). AKM Publications, Ankara.