Salvadoran presidential election, 1977

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El Salvador

Presidential elections were held in El Salvador on 20 February 1977.[1] The result was a victory for Carlos Humberto Romero of the Party of National Conciliation, who received 67.3% of the vote. However, the election was characterised by massive fraud,[2] with officials of the National Opposing Union (UNO, an alliance of the Christian Democratic Party, National Revolutionary Movement and Nationalist Democratic Union) intercepting military radio transmissions ordering ballot box stuffing, whilst their election officials were assaulted and ejected from polling stations.[3] According to credible witnesses, in sixteen districts where an honest count was made, the UNO candidate, Ernesto Claramount Rozeville, won around 75% of the vote.[3]


Candidate Party Votes %
Carlos Humberto Romero Party of National Conciliation 812,281 67.30
Ernesto Claramount Rozeville National Opposing Union 394,661 32.70
Invalid/blank votes -
Total 1,206,942 100
Source: Nohlen


  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p276 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ Nohlen, p289
  3. ^ a b Herman, Edward S. and Frank Brodhead (1984) Demonstration elections: U.S.-staged elections in the Dominican Republic, Vietnam, and El Salvador Boston: South End Press, p102


  • Byrne, Hugh. El Salvador's civil war: a study of revolution. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers. (Excellent source of information on FMLN strategies, progression of the war, and impasse that led both sides to the peace agreement.). 1996.
  • Caldera T., Hilda. Historia del Partido Demócrata Cristiano de El Salvador. Tegucigalpa: Instituto Centroamericano de Estudios Políticos. 1983.
  • Political Handbook of the world, 1977. New York, 1978.
  • Webre, Stephen. José Napoleón Duarte and the Christian Democratic Party in Salvadoran Politics 1960-1972. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. 1979.