Salvadore Cammarano (also Salvatore) (born Naples, 19 March 1801 - died Naples 17 July 1852) was a prolific Italian librettist and playwright perhaps best known for writing the text of Lucia di Lammermoor (1835) for Gaetano Donizetti.
For Donizetti he also contributed the libretti for L'assedio di Calais (1836), Belisario (1836), Pia de' Tolomei (1837), Roberto Devereux (1837), Maria de Rudenz (1838), Poliuto (1838), and Maria di Rohan (1843), while for Giuseppe Persiani he was the author of Ines de Castro.
For Verdi he wrote Alzira (1845), La battaglia di Legnano (1849) and Luisa Miller (1849), and finished his libretto for Il trovatore (1853) when he died in July 1852,but it was expanded by Leone Emanuele Bardare. Cammarano also started a libretto for a proposed adaptation of the William Shakespeare play King Lear, named Re Lear, but he died before completing it; a detailed scenario survives.
Libretti by Cammarano
- Black, John (1982), Donizetti's Operas in Naples, 1822 to 1848, London: Donizetti Society, 1982
- Black, John (1984), The Italian Romantic Libretto: A Study of Salvadore Cammarano, Edinburgh University Press, 1984 ISBN 978-0-85224-463-0 ISBN 0852244630
- Budden, Julian, The Operas of Verdi, 2, From Il Trovatore to La Forza del destino . London: Cassell, 1984. ISBN 978-0-19-520068-3 (hardcover); ISBN 978-0-19-520450-6 (paperback).
- Warrack, John and Ewan West, The Oxford Dictionary of Opera, Oxford University Press, 1992 ISBN 0-19-869164-5