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Originally conceived in the Christian theological tradition, the Salvation History approach views all events in human history (specifically those recorded in the Hebrew Scriptures, the Deuterocanonical books and the New Testament) as providentially oriented toward the realization of God's plan for the salvation of his chosen people.
In the context of Christian theology, this approach understands events such as "the fall" at the beginning of history (Book of Genesis), the covenants established between God and Noah, Abraham, and Moses, the establishment of David's dynasty in the holy city of Jerusalem etc. as seminal moments in the history of humankind and its relationship to God; namely, as necessary events preparing for the salvation of all by Christ's crucifixion and resurrection.
Salvation History is a teleological approach first advocated by Paul in his Epistles; he taught a dialectical theology wherein believers were caught between the "already" of Christ's death and resurrection, and the "not yet" of the coming Parousia (or Christ's return to earth at the end of human history).
He sought to explain the Christ's mystery through the lens of the history of the Hebrew Scriptures, for example, by drawing parallels and contrast between Adam's disobedience and Christ's faithfulness on the cross.
Similarly, we read: "When Christ came as high priest of the good things that are already here, he went through the greater and more perfect tabernacle that is not man-made, that is to say, not a part of this creation. He did not enter by means of the blood of goats and calves; but he entered the Most Holy Place once for all by his own blood, having obtained eternal redemption" (Hebrews 9:11-12).
- "Paul and Salvation History," in Justification and Variegated Nomism: Volume 2 – The Paradoxes of Paul, eds. D.A. Carson, Mark A. Seifrid, and Peter T. O’Brien (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2004), 297.