Salvia coccinea

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Salvia coccinea
Texas sage (1571020768).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Salvia
Species: S. coccinea
Binomial name
Salvia coccinea
Buc'hoz ex Etl.

Salvia coccinea (Texas sage, scarlet sage, tropical sage, blood sage) is a herbaceous perennial in the Lamiaceae family that is widespread throughout the Southeastern United States, Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and northern South America (Colombia, Peru, and Brazil).[1] At one time Brazil was considered to be where it originated, but its diploid chromosome count now points to Mexico as its place of origin.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Its specific epithet, coccinea, means "scarlet-dyed" (Latin), referring to the color of its flowers.[3]

Description[edit]

The plant reaches 2 to 4 ft (0.61 to 1.22 m) in height, with many branches, and a spread of about 2.5 ft (0.76 m). The hairy leaves, scalloped on the edges, are pea green, varying in size, all the way up to 3 in (7.6 cm) long and 2 in (5.1 cm) wide. Flower color and size is quite variable.[2] The naturalized variety is typically tubular, bright red, about 1.25 in (3.2 cm) long.[4] Flowers are pollinated by hummingbirds and butterflies.[5]

Cultivation[edit]

Cultivated varieties include orange-red, pink, salmon, red, white, and scarlet, and include bi-colored varieties.[2] The plant is hardy to USDA Hardiness Zones Zones 8-10. [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Salvia coccinea Buc'hoz ex Etl.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1995-04-07. Retrieved 2009-12-15. 
  2. ^ a b c Clebsch, Betsy; Barner, Carol D. (2003). The New Book of Salvias. Timber Press. pp. 82–84. ISBN 978-0-88192-560-9. 
  3. ^ Holloway, Joel Ellis; Neill, Amanda (2005). A Dictionary of Common Wildflowers of Texas & the Southern Great Plains. TCU Press. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-87565-309-9. 
  4. ^ Nelson, Gil (2005). East Gulf Coastal Plain Wildflowers. Globe Pequot. p. 212. ISBN 978-0-7627-2718-6. 
  5. ^ "#507 Salvia coccinea". Floridata. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  6. ^ Fine Gardening: Salvia coccinea (Texas sage, Hummingbird sage)

External links[edit]

Media related to Salvia coccinea at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Salvia coccinea at Wikispecies