Salyersville, Kentucky

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Salyersville, Kentucky
City
Downtown Salyersville
Downtown Salyersville
Location of Salyersville, Kentucky
Location of Salyersville, Kentucky
Coordinates: 37°44′53″N 83°3′47″W / 37.74806°N 83.06306°W / 37.74806; -83.06306Coordinates: 37°44′53″N 83°3′47″W / 37.74806°N 83.06306°W / 37.74806; -83.06306
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Magoffin
Established 1860[1]
Incorporated March 2, 1867[1]
Named for the Kentucky state representative who sponsored the establishment of Magoffin Co.
Government
 • Mayor James “Pete” Shepherd
Area
 • Total 2.1 sq mi (5.5 km2)
 • Land 2.1 sq mi (5.5 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 853 ft (260 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,883
 • Density 900/sq mi (340/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 41465
Area code(s) 606
FIPS code 21-68232
GNIS feature ID 0502868

Salyersville (/sæljərzvəl/ or local /sɑːjərzvəl/)[3] is a 4th-class city on the Licking River in Magoffin County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is the seat of its county.[4] During the 2010 U.S. Census, its population was 1,883.[2]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

After an aborted attempt at settlement in 1794,[citation needed] the hill overlooking the Horseshoe Bend of the Licking River just downriver from the present city was fortified and settled c. 1800 by Archibald Prater, Ebenezer Hanna, and others. Originally known as Prater's Fort, the community had become Licking Station by the time of its first post office in 1839.[3]

In 1849, the post office was moved to the community at site of the present city and renamed Adamsville after local landowner William "Uncle Billy" Adams. In addition to his farmland, Adams operated a hotel, a gristmill, a tannery and a blacksmith at the new location.[3]

In 1860, Magoffin Co. was formed from parts of the surrounding Floyd, Johnson, and Morgan counties. Billy Adams donated land for the platting and establishment of a new county seat and the community was renamed "Salyersville" in gratitude to State Rep. Samuel Salyer, who sponsored the bill creating the new county. The post office changed the following year.[3]

During the Civil War, Salyersville fell on hard times. Because of its location in the Upper South and its history of settlement by migrants from Virginia, some residents sided with the Confederacy despite the general lack of slaves in the area. In 1864, Union forces defeated a Confederate raiding force in the Battle of Salyersville.

Adams gave more land to the city in 1871 for the construction of a proper courthouse.[citation needed] It was completed in 1890 and stood for 67 years before burning to the ground in 1957.[citation needed]

20th century[edit]

Salyersville's first high school, the Magoffin County Institute, was founded in 1908 by A.C. Harlowe.[citation needed]

The Great Depression hit Salyersville hard, since such a high percentage of Salyersville's citizens were laborers or farmers, who saw prices for crops fall from 40 to 60%. Nearby mining and logging operations also closed or limited production when demand for their products fell sharply. In 1939, the Licking River crested over 25 feet (7.6 m), flooding most of downtown Salyersville and causing extensive property damage.

On March 2, 2012, a mile-wide EF3 tornado caused significant damage in Salyersville

In 1963, the Bert T. Combs Mountain Parkway is completed, stretching west 76 miles (122 km) from Salyersville to intersect with Interstate 64 at a point just east of Winchester. It enabled more tourists to visit the area, and heritage tourism began to help Salyersville develop a changed economy. The first annual Magoffin County Founder's Day Festival was held in 1978.

In the winter of 1997, as part of Kentucky's elk restoration project, Salyersville became one of the locations selected for the release of elk into the wilderness area of its mountains.

21st century[edit]

In 2002, the second Magoffin County court house (erected in 1960) was demolished. In its place, a new Justice Center was constructed, which opened in Spring 2006. The new Justice Center's architecture plays tribute to Magoffin County's original courthouse.[citation needed]

As of 2006, Magoffin County remains one of the poorest counties in the United States. The county is the 42nd-poorest county by per capita income and the 24th-poorest county in the nation by median household income.

On March 2, 2012, Salyersville was hit by a tornado which caused extensive damage to the business center and many homes. The tornado killed two people and was rated an EF3. This tornado was a separate storm that formed in Wolfe County, KY, and is not the tornado that previously hit West Liberty and Wellington. Kentucky Gov. Steve Beshear visited both cities on March 3 and toured the eastern part of the state after the tornado outbreak.

Geography[edit]

Salyersville is " North, 83°3'47" West (37.748171, -83.062984)[5]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2), all land.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate System describes the weather as humid subtropical, and uses the abbreviation Cfa.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 339
1900 265 −21.8%
1910 310 17.0%
1920 412 32.9%
1930 446 8.3%
1940 1,254 181.2%
1950 1,174 −6.4%
1960 1,173 −0.1%
1970 1,196 2.0%
1980 1,352 13.0%
1990 1,917 41.8%
2000 1,604 −16.3%
2010 1,883 17.4%
Est. 2013 1,839 [7] −2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000,[4], there were 1,604 people, 646 households, and 414 families residing in the city. The population density was 758.1 people per square mile (292.1/km²). There were 710 housing units at an average density of 335.6 per square mile (129.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.69% White, 0.06% African American, and 0.25% Native American. 0.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 646 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $16,042, and the median income for a family was $23,393. Males had a median income of $26,534 versus $20,188 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,881. About 35.7% of families and 40.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 56.4% of those under the age of 18 and 34.3% of those 65 and older.

Economy[edit]

Major employers include the manufacturing company Joy Mining Machinery.[8]

Arts and culture[edit]

Cultural events and fairs[edit]

  • Founder's Day - Founder's day is an annual county festival for the people of Magoffin County. It attracts those who have roots in eastern Kentucky and others who are interested in the genealogy and history of the area. A different family surname is celebrated each year as part of the festival. The Festival offers young people opportunities to enter contests and win prize money for excelling in academic subjects such as math, spelling, essay writing, and art. Pageants are held for young people from age 1-day to age 14 for boys and girls and for young women from age 17 to age 26. A parade, drama & fashion shows, pet shows, clogging, other dance exhibitions, and specialty acts are just a few of the festivities that are part of Founder's Day.[9]
Founder's Day Theme
by year: [2]

1982 - Patrick
1983 - Arnett
1984 - Conley
1985 - Howard
1986 - Bailey
1987 - Wireman
1988 - Montgomery
1989 - Allen
1990 - Reed
1991 - Minix
1992 - May
1993 - Risner
1994 - Lykins
1995 - Williams
1996 - Helton
1997 - Jenkins
1998 - The Civil War
1999 - Shepherd
2000 - Magoffin County
2001 - Vanderpool
2002 - Miller
2003 - Gullet
2004 - Whitaker
2005 - Hammond
2006 - Veterans
2007 - Carpenter
2008 - Fletcher
2009 - Mann
2010 - Magoffin County 150th
2011 - Joseph
2012 - Marshall

  • Street Dance - Each year there is a public square dance in downtown Salyersville. The intersection surrounding the downtown courthouse was blocked off for the event which went well into the night.
  • Independence Day Festival - Independence Day is celebrated in Salyersville with a parade and pageants.

Museums[edit]

  • Pioneer Village - Located near downtown Salyersville, Pioneer Village is a complex of 15 original log cabins that have been restored and preserved through the efforts of the Magoffin County Historical Society.[10] Together the cabins form a living history museum, where staff create displays and demonstrations of early crafts. The cabins in Pioneer Village often date back to the early 19th century. Donated cabins are disassembled with care, the logs numbered and cleaned, and they are transported and reassembled in the Pioneer Village.

Monuments[edit]

  • Several marble monuments are located downtown near the Pioneer Village cabins, including the 'Founder's Pyramid', a surname marker, a county marker, an American Civil War memorial, and a memorial soldier's bell. The George "Golden Hawk Sizemore" grave and monument [11] sits at the Mouth of Oakly Cemetery, and the Tip Top coal camp marker sits at the head of the creek.[12]

Historical markers[edit]

  • Civil War Action - This marker, located near Puncheon Creek in Salyersville, states: "On mission to clear area of CSA forces, Col. Geo. W. Gallup with USA troops repulsed Confederate attack led by Lt. Colonel E. F. Clay at Paintsville April 13, 1864, and pursued enemy to this point. Union men attacked next day. Clay was mortally wounded: CSA suffered 60 casualties and 60 men, 200 horses, 400 saddles, 300 small-arms taken. USA sustained only slight losses."
  • County Named, 1860 - This marker, located in downtown Salyersville, describes the biography of Gov. Beriah Magoffin, the county namesake.
  • First Settlement - This marker at the eastern Salyersville city limits describes the founding of the town by European Americans.
  • Ivy Point Skirmishes - This marker on Ivy Point Hill tells of skirmishes during the Civil War.
  • Reuben Patrick Grave - This marker notes a Civil War action by Patrick, who also served as a Kentucky state legislator, 1863-1867.
  • Wm. "Uncle Billie" Adams - This marker in the downtown tells a short biography of one of the founders.

Parks[edit]

Education[edit]

Salyersville's public schools are operated by the Magoffin County Board of Education. Salyersville's Magoffin County High School mascot is the Hornets.

Other public schools in Salyersville are the Herald Whitaker Middle School, North Magoffin Elementary, Salyersville Elementary School, and South Magoffin Elementary

Media[edit]

The local weekly newspapers in Salyersville include The Salyersville Independent and the Trading Post, mostly for advertising. Founded in 1921, The Salyersville Independent circullates over 4,000 copies every Thursday. It is currently owned and published by David Prater.

Cable service in Salyersville is provided by Rick Howard Cable, Frank Howard Cable and Foothills Cooperative. Through these companies, Salyersville is provided with standard and premium cable TV service, high-speed Internet access and telephone service. Frank Howard Cable and Rick Howard Cable offer local programming via MCTV (Magoffin County Television) and MCSTV (Magoffin County School TV), a channel dedicated to local school programming. MCTV carries a daily local news media program 'Your News Today'.

Salyersville's radio stations include the local WRLV (AM/FM) Pure Country 106.5 and 1140. Stations of surrounding counties can also be heard, such as Prestonsburg's WQHY (FM) 95.5, Paintsville's WKLW (FM) 94.7, and West Liberty's Kick 102.9.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Salyersville, Kentucky". Accessed 26 Aug 2013.
  2. ^ a b "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 4, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d Rennick, Robert. Kentucky Place Names, p. 263. University Press of Kentucky (Lexington), 1987. Accessed 1 Aug 2013.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ Climate Summary for Salyersville, Kentucky
  7. ^ Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 Population Estimates U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-05-29
  8. ^ "Salyersville Magoffin County Business and Industry". Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development. 2011-12-28. Retrieved 2012-01-08. 
  9. ^ Founders Days
  10. ^ Welcome!
  11. ^ George Goldenhawk Sizemore (1783 - 1864) - Find A Grave Memorial
  12. ^ "Pioneer Village Memorials". Archived from the original on 2008-01-20. 
  13. ^ [1][dead link]
  14. ^ Abraham Lincoln Collinsworth Obituary: View Abraham Collinsworth's Obituary by FLORIDA TODAY

External links[edit]