Texas State Highway Beltway 8

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Texas Beltway 8.svgSam Houston Tollway.svg

State Highway Beltway 8
Route information
Length: 83.128 mi[1] (133.782 km)
Existed: 1983[1] – present
Major junctions
CCW end: SH 225 in Pasadena
  I-45 in Houston
I-69 / US 59 in Houston
I-10 in Houston
I-45 in Houston
I-69 / US 59 in Houston
CW end: I-10 east of Houston
Highway system
Loop 7 Loop 9
Northbound at Interstate Highway 10 on the west side of Houston

Beltway 8 (BW8), the Sam Houston Parkway, along with the Sam Houston Tollway, is an 88-mile (142 km) beltway around the city of Houston, Texas, United States, lying entirely within Harris County.[2]

Beltway 8, a state highway, runs mostly along the frontage roads of the tollway, only using the main lanes where they are free between Interstate Highway 45 (North Freeway) and Interstate Highway 69/U.S. 59 (Eastex Freeway). The main lanes elsewhere are the Sam Houston Tollway, a toll road owned and operated by the Harris County Toll Road Authority (HCTRA). East of Houston, the Tollway crosses the Houston Ship Channel on the Sam Houston Ship Channel Bridge, a toll bridge; this forms a gap in Beltway 8 between Interstate Highway 10 (Baytown-East Freeway) and State Highway 225 (La Porte Freeway).

Beltway 8 is the intermediate beltway in the Houston area. The inner beltway - Interstate Highway 610 - lies mostly within Houston (except for an approximate two mile (3 km) stretch that runs through the City of Bellaire), and the outer beltway — State Highway 99 (Grand Parkway) — is not complete.

Like other toll roads in the Houston area, the speed limit is 65 mph (105 km/h).

Route description[edit]

Portions of the West Belt, as sections of the Beltway are called by their compass names, are in various stages of expansion due to high traffic volumes.

Free sections[edit]

The longest free section of main lanes is on the north side of Houston, stretching from Ella Boulevard east to Mesa Dr. This is maintained by the Texas Department of Transportation east of roughly the Hardy Toll Road interchange.[3] It includes the interchanges with I-69/US 59, the Hardy Toll Road, and Interstate Highway 45 (North Freeway).

Three shorter free sections also exist:

These all exist in order to allow federal funding to have been used to build the freeway-to-freeway interchanges at the Baytown-East, Gulf and Southwest Freeways.[citation needed]

The frontage roads are generally continuous, and allow for slower free travel along the tolled segments. Only one break exists in the frontage roads; there are also several locations where one must turn to stay on them:

  • Jacinto Port Boulevard to State Highway 225 - the frontage roads do not cross the Houston Ship Channel (and thus that piece of Beltway 8 was removed in 1978)[1]
  • Deerwood Drive to Boheme Drive - both directions are on the east side of the Tollway for the crossing of Buffalo Bayou
  • West Little York Road to U.S. Highway 290 (Northwest Freeway) - both directions shift to the west side, intersecting US 290 at Senate Avenue, northwest of the Tollway
  • At the Katy Freeway, some of the frontage road lanes bypass the intersection, allowing vehicles on the frontage road to travel through the interchange without stopping at traffic lights.[4][5]

Lane configuration[edit]

The lane count is for mainlanes only, unless otherwise noted. Starting at the north end of the Sam Houston Ship Channel Bridge, and moving in a clockwise direction, mainlane counts are as follows:

  • 2 lanes each way between Interstate 10 (East Freeway) and State Highway 3 (Galveston Road) (includes the Sam Houston Ship Channel Bridge)
  • 3 lanes each way between State Highway 3 (Galveston Road) and Beamer Road
  • 2 lanes each way between Beamer Road and Interstate 69/U.S. Highway 59 (Southwest Freeway) (construction started in 2012 to add 2 additional lanes in each direction (for a total of 8 lanes) to this between I-69/U.S. 59 and TX 288)
  • 4 lanes each way between Interstate 69/U.S. Highway 59 (Southwest Freeway) and U.S. Highway 290 (portions between I-69/U.S. 59 and Westpark Tollway)
  • 4 lanes each way between U.S. Highway 290 and West Road
  • 5 lanes counterclockwise and 4 lanes clockwise between West Road and Gessner Road
  • 4 lanes each way between Gessner Road and Interstate 45
  • 3 lanes each way between Interstate 45 and J.F.K Boulevard (construction started in 2012 to add additional lanes to this section)
  • 4 lanes each way between J.F.K Boulevard and Interstate 69/U.S. Highway 59 (Eastex Freeway)
  • 3 lanes each way between Interstate 69/U.S. Highway 59 (Eastex Freeway) and Interstate 10 (East Freeway)

Enforcement[edit]

The intersection of Beltway 8 (八號公路 Bāhào Gōnglù) and Bellaire Boulevard (百利大道 Bǎilì Dàdào) in Chinatown
Sign indicating proximity to the Beltway 8 Toll Bridge

A number of cameras are located at toll booths to record license plate information to a database and send a ticket via mail. Recently,[when?] this system has been upgraded to alert local authorities if a vehicle has been flagged for any reason, including Amber Alerts. When a flagged vehicle is detected, it notifies the closest law enforcement officer to investigate. At this time, Precinct 5 Constables and Harris County Sheriff's Office are being notified, but Houston Police Department has shown interest and wishes to be included to be notified. The total number of cameras that are planned for the system is 35.[6]

Tolls[edit]

History[edit]

Houston, known for its fast population growth, began planning for a second beltway in the 1950s (the first was the 610 Loop, created between the 1950s and the 1970s). The Tollway's construction was piecemealed from the opening of the West Belt, a surface street, in the mid-1970s to the completion of the South Belt in the mid-1990s. The Jesse H. Jones Memorial Bridge, the Tollway's crossing of the Houston Ship Channel, was constructed by the then-Texas Turnpike Authority (TTA) and was opened in 1982.

The TTA, however, turned down the opportunity to improve the entire Beltway as well, leaving Harris County to upgrade the road to freeway standards. However, Harris County could not afford to build and maintain a freeway from its general fund.

In September 1983, county voters approved a referendum by a 7-3 margin to release up to $900 million in bonds to create two toll roads, the Hardy Toll Road (basically a reliever for I-45 between downtown Houston and Montgomery County) and the Sam Houston Tollway, which would be the main lanes of the Beltway. Shortly after the referendum, the Harris County Commissioners Court created the HCTRA to administer the construction and operation of the new road system. Then-County Judge Jon Lindsay is generally credited with shepherding the referendum from its infancy to its passage, along with the implementation of the plan for the roadway.

In 1989 the The Bangles performed at the opening of the segment of Beltway 8 between Interstate 10 (Katy Freeway) and U.S. Route 290.[7] On Saturday July 7, 1990, a ceremony, called Road Party II, took place for the opening of the section of Beltway 8 between Interstate 45 (North Freeway) and Highway 290, the final segment. Organizers had planned for a crowd of 100,000. KLOL, a radio station, sponsored the event. Jerry Lightfoot & The Essential Band did the opening 80 minute set.[8] The band Huey Lewis and the News performed at the ceremony.[7] The 290-45 segment opened on Sunday July 8, 1990. The project was on schedule and $133 million in 1990 U.S. dollars under budget.[8]

Despite recent speculation about the possibility of the Sam Houston Tollway being sold by HCTRA to a private firm, the Harris County Commissioners Court unanimously voted to keep the tollway in the hands of HCTRA.[9]

On September 3, 2007 the toll increased by $0.25 system wide with some exceptions.

On February 26, 2011, construction of the main lanes between Interstate 69/U.S. Highway 59 (Eastex Freeway) and U.S. Highway 90 (Crosby Freeway) was completed, thus completing the entire Beltway system.[10] This section was originally set to be completed between 2007 and 2009, but funding issues delayed its completion.[11] The project cost $400 million and was completed ahead of schedule and under budget.[12] The new 13 miles (21 km) section has three lanes in each direction, and an EZ Tag or TxTag will be required to access it. Almost 60 years had passed between the planning of Beltway 8 and the opening of the final section.[2]

Exit list[edit]

The entire route is in Harris County.

Location Mile[13] km Destinations Notes
Pasadena 0.0 SH 225 – Deer Park, Houston
Red Bluff Road, Pasadena Boulevard
Spencer Highway, Vista Road, Pine Street
Fairmont Parkway, Vista Road
Genoa-Red Bluff Road, Preston Road, Crenshaw Road Clockwise exit is via the Fairmont Parkway exit
Houston 7.5 SH 3 (Old Galveston Road)
8.6 I-45 – Galveston, Houston
Sabo Road Clockwise exit and counterclockwise entrance
Beamer Road, Sabo Road, Hughes Road
Blackhawk Road Clockwise exit is via the Beamer Road exit
Pearland Parkway, Monroe Road Counterclockwise exit is via the SH 35 Hobby Airport exit
13.6 SH 35 (Telephone Road) – Hobby Airport
Mykawa Road Counterclockwise exit and clockwise entrance
South Wayside Drive
M.L. King Boulevard Clockwise exit and counterclockwise entrance
FM 865 (Cullen Boulevard) / Fellows Road
SH 288 / Fellows Road
Kirby Drive Counterclockwise exit and clockwise entrance
FM 521 (Almeda Road)
Houston South Post Oak Road Counterclockwise exit is via the West Fuqua Street exit
West Fuqua Street
Fort Bend Toll Road
Fondren Road Counterclockwise exit is via the US 90 Alt. exit
Missouri City
US 90 Alt. (South Main Street)
South Gessner Road Counterclockwise exit is via West Airport Boulevard
Houston West Airport Boulevard
West Bellfort Boulevard Clockwise exit and counterclockwise entrance
31.1 I-69 / US 59 – Virginia City, Houston
Beltway 8 (Frontage Road) Counterclockwise exit only
32.2 Bissonnet Street Counterclockwise CCW exit and clockwise entrance
Beechnut Street
Bellaire Boulevard, Westpark Drive
Westpark Tollway
36.3 Westheimer Road (FM 1093), Richmond Avenue
Briar Forest Drive
Deerwood Drive Counterclockwise exit only
Boheme Drive Clockwise exit only
Memorial Drive Clockwise exit and counterclockwise entrance
39.6 I-10 – San Antonio, Downtown Houston
Westview Drive Counterclockwise exit and clockwise entrance
Hammerly Boulevard, Kempwood Drive
Clay Road, Tanner Road, Kempwood Drive
West Little York Road Clockwise exit and counterclockwise entrance
46.0 US 290 – Austin, Downtown Houston
West Road, Philippine Street
Fallbrook Drive, Windfern Road Counterclockwise exit is via the Gessner Road exit
Gessner Road, Fairbanks North Houston Road
52.3 SH 249 / Hollister Road, Fairbanks North Houston Road – College Station, Bryan, Downtown Houston
Antoine Drive, Bammel North Houston Road Clockwise exit is via the SH 249 exit
Veterans Memorial Drive, T.C. Jester Boulevard No counterclockwise exit
Houston Beltway 8 (Frontage Road) / Greens Crossing, Ella Boulevard
58.5 I-45 – Dallas, Downtown Houston
Greenspoint Drive, Imperial Valley Drive
Imperial Valley Drive Clockwise exit is via the Greenspoint Drive exit
Hardy Toll Road
Aldine-Westfield Road No clockwise entrance
Houston JFK Boulevard, Vickery Drive - Bush Intercontinental Airport
Lee Road, Vickery Drive
65.6 I-69 / US 59 – Cleveland, Houston
Mesa Drive
Wilson Road
John Ralston Road, Lockwood Road
West Lake Houston Parkway
Winfield Road, North Lake Houston Parkway, CE King Parkway / FM 526
Garrett Road, Little York Road
US 90 – Liberty, Houston, Tidwell Road
Wallisville Road
Woodforest Boulevard
Market Street Counterclockwise exit and clockwise entrance
83.13[1] I-10 – Beaumont, Houston
Jacinto Port Boulevard Clockwise exit and counterclockwise entrance
Pasadena Jesse H. Jones Memorial Bridge/Sam Houston Ship Channel Bridge
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Texas Department of Transportation, Highway Designation File - State Highway Beltway 8
  2. ^ a b "Final section of Sam Houston Tollway opens." KTRK-TV. February 26, 2011. Retrieved on February 27, 2011.
  3. ^ Harris County Toll Road Authority, Sam Houston & Hardy Toll Road Map
  4. ^ Schematic Layout: IH 10 Katy Freeway (at Beltway 8) TxDOT. June 19, 2003. Last accessed October 14, 2006. Note: Bypass feeder lanes are in dark purple; non-bypass feeder lanes are in dark blue and are beneath the bypass lanes.
  5. ^ Interstate 10: Construction, Loop 610 to BW8 (VIDEO). Erik Slotboom, www.houstonfreeways.com. December 30, 2005. Last accessed October 14, 2005.
  6. ^ Toll road cameras looking beyond scofflaw drivers
  7. ^ a b Gonazles, J.R. "What does the Sam Houston Tollway have to do with the Bangles?" Houston Chronicle. February 25, 2011. Retrieved on February 25, 2011.
  8. ^ a b Racine, Marty. "Roadshow/Huey Lewis offers driving rock at party for tollway opening." Houston Chronicle. Monday July 9, 1990. Houston Section, Page 1. Retrieved on February 25, 2011.
  9. ^ Harris County won't sell or lease toll roads / Financial adviser suggests imitating a private company will boost profits. Bill Murphy, Houston Chronicle. June 21, 2006. Last accessed November 9, 2006.
  10. ^ The Beltway finally comes full circle. Mike Morris, Houston Chronicle. February 21, 2011. Last accessed February 21, 2011.
  11. ^ Plans for Beltway 8 near Fall Creek fuzzy. Rad Sallee, Houston Chronicle. June 5, 2006. Last accessed November 9, 2006.
  12. ^ Sam Houston Tollway Northeast to provide an 'EZ' way to get around. Houston Chronicle. February 16, 2011. Last accessed February 26, 2011.
  13. ^ Texas County Highway Maps

External links[edit]