Sam Raimi

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Sam Raimi
Sam Raimi by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Sam Raimi at the 2012 San Diego Comic-Con International.
Born Samuel M Raimi
(1959-10-23) October 23, 1959 (age 54)
Royal Oak, Michigan, U.S.
Other names Celia Abrams
R.O.C. Sandstorm
Roc Sandstorm
Alan Smithee Jr., Fake Shemp
Occupation Director, producer, screenwriter, actor
Years active 1977–present
Spouse(s) Gillian Dania Greene (1993–present; 5 children)

Samuel M "Sam" Raimi[1] (born October 23, 1959) is an American film director, producer, writer and actor, famous for directing the cult horror comedy Evil Dead series, the superhero film Darkman, and the Spider-Man trilogy; his most recent work is 2013's fantasy film Oz the Great and Powerful. Raimi is also the producer of several successful television series. He is also the founder of Renaissance Pictures. Recently, he worked as the producer of The Possession, and the 2013 remake of Evil Dead.

He is the older brother of actor Ted Raimi and the younger brother of screenwriter Ivan Raimi. He is currently working on a film adaption of the critically acclaimed video game, The Last of Us.

Early life[edit]

Raimi, the fourth of five children, was born in Royal Oak, Michigan, and grew up in Birmingham, Michigan.[2][3] He was raised in Conservative Judaism; his ancestors emigrated from Russia and Hungary.[4][5] Raimi graduated from Groves High School[6] and later went on to attend Michigan State University, where he majored in English but left after three semesters[citation needed] to film The Evil Dead.

Film[edit]

Raimi became fascinated with making films when his father brought a movie camera home one day and he began to make Super 8 movies with childhood friend Bruce Campbell. In college, he teamed up with his brother's roommate Robert Tapert and Campbell to shoot Within the Woods (1978), a 32-minute horror film which raised $375,000, as well as the short comedic film It's Murder! Through family, friends, and a network of investors Raimi was able to finance production of the highly successful horror film The Evil Dead (1981) which became a cult hit and effectively launched Raimi's career. He began work on his second film Crimewave (1985), intended as a live-action comic book—the film was not successful, due in part to unwanted studio intervention. Raimi returned to the horror genre with the seminal Evil Dead II (which added slapstick humor to the over the top horror, showcasing his love of the Three Stooges). With his brother Ivan Raimi (and crediting himself as Celia Abrams), Sam Raimi also wrote Easy Wheels (1989), a parody of the Outlaw biker film genre. A long-time comic book buff, he then attempted to adapt "The Shadow" into a movie, but was unable to secure the rights, so he created his own super-hero, Darkman (1990). The film was his first major studio picture, and was only moderately successful, but through it he was still able to secure funding for Evil Dead III, which was retitled Army of Darkness and turned away almost totally from horror in favor of fantasy and comedy elements. Army of Darkness, the final movie in the Evil Dead trilogy, was a box office flop, yet on video became a cult classic.

In the 1990s, Raimi moved into other genres, directing such films as the western The Quick and the Dead (starring Sharon Stone and Gene Hackman), the critically acclaimed crime thriller A Simple Plan (1998) (starring Bill Paxton and Billy Bob Thornton), and the romantic drama For Love of the Game (1999) (starring Kevin Costner). Raimi achieved great critical and commercial success with the blockbuster Spider-Man (2002), which was adapted from the comic book series of the same name. The movie has grossed over US$800 million worldwide, spawning two sequels: Spider-Man 2 and Spider-Man 3, both directed by Raimi and both grossing roughly $800 million each. After the completion of the third Spider-Man film, he planned on producing two more sequels but could not find a satisfactory script. Prior to directing the Spider-Man films, Raimi lobbied to direct Batman Forever when Tim Burton was ousted from the director's chair, but was rejected in favor of Joel Schumacher, whose reputation at the time outshone Raimi's.

Raimi frequently collaborates with Joel and Ethan Coen, beginning when Joel was one of the editors of Evil Dead. The Coens co-wrote Crimewave and The Hudsucker Proxy with Raimi in the mid-1980s (though Hudsucker was not produced for almost a decade). Raimi made cameo appearances in Miller's Crossing, The Hudsucker Proxy, and with Joel Coen in Spies Like Us. The Coen brothers gave Raimi advice on shooting in snow for A Simple Plan, based on their experiences with Fargo. He has also worked in front of the camera in The Stand as a dimwitted hitman, John Carpenter's Body Bags as a gas station attendant, and Indian Summer in what is perhaps his biggest role as a bumbling assistant to Alan Arkin. The film was written by his childhood friend writer-director Mike Binder and shot at the camp that they both attended when they were younger. Raimi also produced the entire The Grudge franchise. According to Entertainment Weekly, Raimi had expressed an interest in directing a film version of The Hobbit, the prequel to the Lord of the Rings trilogy.[7] In 2008, Guillermo del Toro was selected as the director, with Peter Jackson as the executive producer. Raimi may direct By Any Means Necessary, the next film based on the "Jack Ryan" CIA character created by Tom Clancy for Paramount Pictures. Disney also approached him to direct W.I.T.C.H.: The Movie, based on the popular comic.

Blizzard Entertainment announced on July 22, 2009 that Sam Raimi will be directing a Warcraft film.[8] However at Comic-Con International 2012, it was revealed that he would not be the one directing the World of Warcraft adaptation.[9]

On September 23, 2009, he became the producer for the British supernatural thriller Refuge, which is directed by Corin Hardy and published by Mandate Pictures.[10] He will produce the remake of the Danish thriller The Substitute, which will be directed by Scott Dickerson under his new Label Spooky Pictures.[11] Raimi produced with his company Ghost House Pictures the British thriller flick Burst 3D, which is directed by Neil Marshall.[12]

Raimi in Los Angeles, March 2013

Raimi directed Oz the Great and Powerful, which was released on March 8, 2013 by Walt Disney Pictures.[13] He has taken himself out for directing a planned sequel.[14][15]

On December 11, 2006, the website SuperHero Hype reported that director Sam Raimi and Michael Uslan would co-produce a new film version of The Shadow for Columbia Pictures. On October 16, 2007, Raimi stated that: "I don't have any news on 'The Shadow' at this time, except that the company that I have with Josh Donen, my producing partner, we've got the rights to 'The Shadow.' I love the character very much and we're trying to work on a story that'll do justice to the character." On January 29, 2010, it was reported that Sam Raimi was searching for a new project after it was announced that the Spider-Man movie franchise would be rebooted without him. The Shadow was said to be at the top of his list. On Thursday, August 5, 2010, it was reported that Quentin Tarantino – who was attached as a co-writer for the script – was attached to direct as well. However, Tarantino declined this rumor, reportedly saying "That's totally made up."[16]

Raimi, along with Bruce Campbell and Rob Tapert, produced the remake of Raimi's The Evil Dead. First-time feature filmmaker Fede Alvarez wrote and directed, and Diablo Cody was also brought in to revise/rewrite the script.[17]Sam Raimi confirmed plans to write Evil Dead 4 with his brother; it was later specified that this film would be Army of Darkness 2.[18] Alvarez revealed that Raimi will be directing the sequel to Army of Darkness.[19]

Television[edit]

In addition to film, Raimi has worked in television, producing such series as Hercules: The Legendary Journeys and its spin off Xena: Warrior Princess, both featuring his younger brother Ted Raimi and long-time friend Bruce Campbell, American Gothic, Cleopatra 2525, M.A.N.T.I.S., 13: Fear Is Real, Young Hercules, and Jack of All Trades. In 2008, it was announced at Comic-Con in San Diego that Raimi would be executive producing a new syndicated TV series called Legend of the Seeker, based on Terry Goodkind's best-selling The Sword of Truth fantasy series.[citation needed] He is also the executive producer of Starz original television series Spartacus: Blood and Sand and Spartacus: Gods of the Arena.,[20] Spartacus: Vengeance and Spartacus: War of the Damned.

Recurring trademarks, motifs, and partners[edit]

In his film and television projects, Raimi's brother Ted Raimi and his friend Bruce Campbell often appear in on-screen roles, though these appearances are often just cameos. The trio have been working together since their college days. Both Ted and Bruce have appeared in all three Evil Dead and Spider-Man movies, as well as Hercules: the Legendary Journeys and Xena: Warrior Princess, which Sam produced. In the Dead films, Campbell plays the recurring star role of Ash, while Ted played various small parts every time. In the Spider-Man films, however, Ted plays Daily Bugle advertising manager Ted Hoffman, while Campbell has played different roles every time. In Hercules and Xena, Ted and Bruce played the recurring roles of Joxer and Autolycus. Raimi occasionally appears on-screen in his own movies, usually in similar fashion to the cameos made by his idol Alfred Hitchcock: A silhouette behind a projection screen (Spider-Man, in the wrestling scene), a passer-by with some kind of physical interaction with the film's protagonist (Spider-Man 2, as the student whose bookbag hits Peter Parker in the back of the head), a hitchhiking fisherman accompanied by Robert Tapert in The Evil Dead. Raimi also wears a suit with white shirt and tie on-set in another homage to Hitchcock. An adept fan will also notice Raimi's recurring usage of soda crackers as a back prop.

Raimi often works with film editor Bob Murawski, a fellow Michigan State University alumnus; among Raimi's films edited by Murawski include the Spider-Man movies, The Gift, and Army of Darkness. He also frequently collaborates with composer Joseph LoDuca, another acquaintance from Michigan who has provided the scores to most of his films. Raimi has included a 1973 yellow Oldsmobile Delta 88 automobile (nicknamed "The Classic") in every film including The Quick and the Dead ("Somewhere...somewhere hidden. Only I know. I'll never tell"). Bruce Campbell, at Comic-con 2005, revealed that a special covered wagon frame had covered the vehicle to maintain the motif of the film. The yellow Oldsmobile also appeared in Drag Me to Hell, driven by the elderly gypsy woman. A bottle of Maker's Mark also appears regularly in his movies. The Classic does not appear in the final cut of For Love of the Game, however. The scene in which it appeared was removed during the editing process.

Other Raimi screen-framing trademarks include:

  • A distinctive camera shot where the camera follows a moving object (such as an arrow or a projectile weapon) at high speeds creating a first-person point of view from the object itself;
  • A rapid dolly shot to bring a far-off object suddenly into the center of the shot or to pull back from the main focal object to show what is happening around the perimeter (sometimes called "push-pull");
  • Montage sequences with overlapping close-up shots to establish a set of similar actions over elapsing time.
  • Extreme closeups using a wide angle lens.

In the Making The Amazing documentary on the Spider-Man 2 DVD, both Tobey Maguire and Bruce Campbell jokingly describe Raimi's penchant for "abusing" actors: In order to get realistic closeups of a character getting hit by debris, Raimi usually stands just off-camera throwing items, swinging tree branches, etc., at the actor who is at the center of the shot. Scenes from the documentary show that Raimi is the one throwing popcorn at Peter Parker during the walk to the wrestling ring in Spider-Man and tossing gold coins around during the bank robbery scene in Spider-Man 2.

In many of Raimi's movies, the camera itself is part of the action onscreen. One of Raimi's most famous sequences involves a POV shot of actor Bruce Campbell being chased through a cabin by an unseen evil force.

Personal life[edit]

Raimi has been married since 1993 to Gillian Dania Greene, daughter of actor Lorne Greene. They have five children. Three of the Raimis' children (daughter Emma Rose and sons Lorne and Henry) appeared as extras in Drag Me to Hell and Spider-Man 3 during the movie's climactic final battle.

Filmography[edit]

As director[edit]

Year Film Notes
1977 It's Murder! (short) Also writer and cinematographer
1978 Clockwork (short) Also writer
Within the Woods (short) Also writer and executive producer
1981 The Evil Dead Also writer
1985 Crimewave
1987 Evil Dead II
1990 Darkman Also writer and executive producer
1992 Army of Darkness Also writer and editor (as "R.O.C. Sandstorm")
1995 The Quick and the Dead Also writer
1998 A Simple Plan
1999 For Love of the Game
2000 The Gift
2002 Spider-Man
2004 Spider-Man 2
2007 Spider-Man 3 Also writer
2009 Drag Me to Hell
2013 Oz the Great and Powerful

As actor[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1977 It's Murder! N/A Short film
1978 Attack of the Helping Hand Milk Man
1981 The Evil Dead Hitchhiker Uncredited
1982 Cleveland Smith: Bounty Hunter Nazi Short film
1983 Hefty's Cook No. 2
1985 Spies Like Us Drive-in guard No. 2
1987 Thou Shalt Not Kill... Except Cult leader
1988 Maniac Cop News Reporter
1989 Intruder Randy
1990 Miller's Crossing Snickering Gunman
Maniac Cop 2 Newscaster
1992 Innocent Blood Roma Meats Man
1993 Body Bags Dead Bill TV movie
Journey to the Center of the Earth Collins TV movie
Indian Summer Stick Coder
1994 The Hudsucker Proxy Hudsucker Brainstormer
Flintstones, TheThe Flintstones Cliff Look-A-Like
The Stand Bobby Terry TV miniseries: 1 episode
1997 The Shining Howie Langston TV miniseries: 1 episode
2004 Spider-Man 2 University Student Unseen cameo; revealed in Bloopers

As producer[edit]

Year Film/Series Director Notes
1978 Within the Woods Sam Raimi Movie
1981 The Evil Dead Sam Raimi Movie
1989 Easy Wheels David O'Malley Movie
The Dead Next Door J.R. Bookwalter Movie
1991 Lunatics: A Love Story Josh Becker Movie
1993 Hard Target John Woo Movie
1994 Timecop Peter Hyams Movie
M.A.N.T.I.S. Eric Laneuville Movie
Hercules and the Lost Kingdom Harley Cokeliss Movie
Hercules and the Circle of Fire Doug Lefler Movie
Hercules in the Underworld Bill L. Norton Movie
Hercules in the Maze of the Minotaur Josh Becker Movie
1994–1997 M.A.N.T.I.S. Various TV series
1995 Darkman II: The Return of Durant Bradford May Movie
1995–1996 American Gothic Various TV series
1995–1999 Hercules: The Legendary Journeys Various TV series
1995–2001 Xena: Warrior Princess Various TV series
1996 Darkman III: Die Darkman Die Bradford May Movie
1997 Spy Game Various TV series
1998 Hercules and Xena – The Animated Movie: The Battle for Mount Olympus Lynne Naylor Animated movie
Young Hercules T.J. Scott Movie
1998–1999 Young Hercules Various TV series
2000–2001 Jack of All Trades Various TV series
2000–2001 Cleopatra 2525 Various TV series
2002 Xena: Warrior Princess – A Friend in Need Robert G. Tapert Movie
2004 The Grudge Takashi Shimizu Movie
2005 Boogeyman Stephen T. Kay Movie
2006 The Grudge 2 Takashi Shimizu Movie
2007 The Messengers The Pang Brothers Movie
30 Days of Night David Slade Movie
Rise: Blood Hunter Sebastian Gutierrez Movie
2008 Boogeyman 2 Jeff Betancourt Movie
Legend of the Seeker Various TV series
2009 Boogeyman 3 Gary Jones Movie
The Grudge 3 Toby Wilkins Movie
13: Fear Is Real Various TV series
Armored Nimród Antal Movie
Drag Me to Hell Sam Raimi Movie
2010 Zombie Roadkill Various TV series
Spartacus: Blood and Sand Various TV series
2011 Spartacus: Gods of the Arena Various TV series
Priest Scott Stewart Movie
2012 The Possession Ole Bornedal Movie
Spartacus: Vengeance Various TV Series
2013 Evil Dead Fede Alvarez Movie
Spartacus: War of the Damned Various TV Series
2015 Run All Night (film) Jaume Collet-Serra Movie
TBA Poltergeist Gil Kenan Movie
TBA The Last of Us Unknown Movie

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sometimes erroneously referred to as Samuel Marshall Raimi
  2. ^ "Sam Raimi Biography (2006–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved March 19, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Ted Raimi Biography (1965–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved March 19, 2012. 
  4. ^ "JewishJournal.com". JewishJournal.com. Retrieved March 19, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Sam Raimi's latest horror flick draws on 'true' tale, Jewish exorcism". Jewishjournal.com. Retrieved March 14, 2013. 
  6. ^ Houser, Laura (February 16, 2013). "Macomb Co. Native Helps Organize Charity Premiere of 'Oz: The Great and Powerful'". Utica.Patch.com. Retrieved February 17, 2013. 
  7. ^ Markovitz, Adam (April 18, 2007). "'Hobbit' Forming?". Entertainment Weekly. 
  8. ^ "Blizzard Press Release 7-22-2009". Blizzard. July 21, 2009. Retrieved July 22, 2009. 
  9. ^ Topel, Fred. "Comic Con 2012 Exclusive: Sam Raimi Won't Direct the World of Warcraft Movie". Crave Online. Retrieved July 17, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Mandate Signs Sam Raimi to Oversee Refuge". 
  11. ^ "Raimi shall Launche Spooky Pictures with 'The Substitute'". 
  12. ^ "Neil Marshall Throwing the Gore Onscreen With 'Burst 3D'". 
  13. ^ Oldham, Stuart (June 14, 2010). "Sam Raimi circles 'Wizard of Oz' prequel: helmer in talks for Disney's 'Powerful' pic". Variety. 
  14. ^ "Chatter: Who Should Replace Sam Raimi as Director of the Oz Sequel?". Fandango.com. March 11, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Cast Signed for 'Oz: The Great & Powerful' Sequel But Not Sam Raimi". firstshowing.net. March 11, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Quentin Tarantino Says 'The Shadow' Rumors Are 'Totally Made Up'". 
  17. ^ by Mirko (July 13, 2011). "Official Press Release: The Evil Dead Remake". Shock Till You Drop. Retrieved March 19, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Sam Raimi's Next Project is Army of Darkness 2′' Not Evil Dead 4". Screenrant.com. Retrieved March 17, 2013. 
  19. ^ https://twitter.com/fedalvar/statuses/394170890709000192?screen_name=fedalvar
  20. ^ ""Spartacus: Blood and Sand" cast and crew". Retrieved January 30, 2010. 

External links[edit]