Sam Ratulangi International Airport
|Sam Ratulangi International Airport (SRA)
Bandar Udara Internasional Sam Ratulangi
|Sam Ratulangi Airport apron|
|IATA: MDC – ICAO: WAMM|
|Operator||PT Angkasa Pura I|
|Serves||Manado, Bitung, Tomohon, North Sulawesi, Indonesia|
|Elevation AMSL||81 m / 266 ft|
|Sources: List of the busiest airports in Indonesia, GCM, STV|
Sam Ratulangi International Airport (IATA: MDC, ICAO: WAMM), also known as Manado International Airport, is located in North Sulawesi, 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) northeast of Manado. The airport is named after the Minahasan educator and independence hero Sam Ratulangi. It is designated as one of the 11 main entry ports to Indonesia by the Ministry of Tourism and Culture of Indonesia and serves as the main gateway to the Bunaken National Marine Park.
Construction began in 1998 on a new terminal with funds from the Asian Development Bank and Government of Indonesia. It cost US$7,6 million to develop the terminal's air side section and US$13 million to build its land side section. In 2001, the new terminal opened featuring 21 check-in counters, 5 gates, 4 airbridges, 2 baggage claim belts and an outdoor waving gallery on top of the 3-story terminal building. Its 4,044 m2 international passenger terminal may serve up to 183,000 passengers annually while the 14,126 m2 domestic passenger terminal serves up to 1,3 million passengers/year. During peak hours the terminal may serve up to 2,816 passengers simultaneously. The 2650 m x 45 m runway and 2650 m x 23 m parallel taxiway are designed to accommodate Boeing 777 and Airbus A330 wide body aircraft. The 54,300 m2 apron can hold up to 4 wide body aircraft and 11 medium and small body aircraft. It is currently the hub of Lion Air/Wings Air for the northeastern part of Indonesia and is one of the focus cities of Garuda Indonesia. There are one International Airlines that served here.
The passenger terminal is equipped with a bank, automated teller machines, restaurants (i.e., KFC and Es Teler 77), cafeterias, bars, a VIP Lounge, duty-free shopping, newsagent/tobacconist, gift shops, travel agents, car rental, taxi service/rank, First Aid service, a baby/parent room, 8,074 m2 of parking space, an escalator, and an elevator for the disabled. Garuda Indonesia uses Bunaken Lounge for its Executive class passengers or Garuda Frequent Flyer (GFF) gold and platinum card holders.
The 3,546 m2 cargo terminal has an annual capacity of 7,840 tonnes (17,284,000 lbs), a 2,280 m2 (24,541 sq ft) warehouse, a bonded warehouse, a transit zone, a Free Port/Foreign Trade Zone, an EU border post, aircraft maintenance, mechanical handling, an animal quarantine, fresh meat inspection, livestock handling, health officials, security for valuables, dangerous goods, radioactive goods, very large/heavy cargo, and an express/courier center.
A minor upgrade had been done prior to the World Ocean Conference and Coral Triangle Initiative Summit on May 2009. It was done in the area of the apron, international boarding lounge, CIP room and car parking lot. The apron currently has an area of 71,992 m2 while the parking lot is available for 500 cars. Waiting lounge and gate for international departure and arrival are being expanded together with an additional aerobridge installation. With this upgrade, the terminal may serve up to 2 million passenger annually. Its 45-metre wide runway has been lengthened from 2,650m to 3,850m (an increase of 1,200m), accommodating wide-body planes such as Boeing 747, Airbus A340, A380.
Airlines and destinations
|Express Air||Luwuk, Melonguane, Palu, Ternate||Domestic|
|Garuda Indonesia||Balikpapan, Jakarta–Soekarno Hatta, Makassar, Ternate, Sorong, Timika,||Domestic|
|Lion Air||Balikpapan, Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno Hatta, Makassar, Surabaya,||Domestic|
|Sriwijaya Air||Jakarta–Soekarno Hatta, Makassar, Surabaya, Ternate,||Domestic|
|Wings Air||Buli, Gorontalo, Kao, Labuha, Melonguane, Sorong, Tahuna, Ternate||Domestic|
Plenty of metered-taxis standby at the airport until the last flight of the day arrives.
Accidents and incidents
- 16 February 1967 – Garuda Indonesia Flight 708, UPG-MDC, Lockheed L-188C Electra (PK-GLB), 22 of 84 passengers were killed (no fatalities among the eight crew members). Flight 708 departed Jakarta at 00:30 GMT on 15 February for a flight to Manado via Surabaya and Makassar. On the second leg of the flight, bad weather in Makassar forced the crew to return to Surabaya. The flight continued the next day to Makassar and on to Manado. The cloud base in Manado was 900 feet with two kilometer visibility. An approach to runway 18 was made, but after passing a hill 200 feet above runway elevation and 2720 feet short of the threshold, the pilot realised he was too high and left of the centreline. The nose was lowered and the aircraft banked right to intercept the glide path. The speed decreased below the 125 knots target threshold speed and the aircraft – still banked to the right – landed heavily 156 feet short of the runway threshold. The undercarriage collapsed and the aircraft skidded and caught fire.
- 1974 – Douglas C-47A PK-ZDF of Zamrud Airlines was written off in an accident. Date is variously reported as 4 April 6 April or 4 June.
- 7 January 1976 – Mandala Airlines, Vickers 806 Viscount (PK-RVK), no fatalities. Landing in slight intermittent rain, the aircraft touched down 520 meters down the runway. The aircraft overran the runway, crossed a ditch and three drains before coming to rest 180 meters past the end of the runway.
- 10 December 1982 – Bouraq Indonesia Airlines, Hawker Siddeley HS-748 (PK-IHI), no fatalities. The nose landing gear collapsed on landing, causing the aircraft to veer off the runway.
- 3 October 1986 – East Indonesia Air Taxi, MAL-MDC, Shorts SC.7 Skyvan (PK-ESC), all 10 passengers and 3 crew members were killed. Struck a mountain.
- 9 May 1991 – Merpati Nusantara Airlines 7533, TTE-MDC, Fokker F-27 Friendship (PK-MFD), all eight passengers and five crew members were killed. Flight 7533 (Ambon-Ternate-Manado) departed Ternate at 1:53 pm for a 50-minute flight to Manado. On approach to Manado, the aircraft crashed into a cloud-shrouded mountain in bad visibility and heavy rainfall.
- 1 January 2007 – Adam Air 574, SUB-MDC, Boeing 737-400 (PK-KKW), all 96 passengers and six crew members are missing and presumed dead. Flight 574 went missing during a domestic flight to Manado. Last contact was at 2:07 pm when the flight was en route at flight level 35,000 feet. Initial reports indicate that the flight changed course twice as a result of severe (130 km/h) crosswind. The aircraft crashed into the sea. On 11 January, part of the jetliner's tail, food trays, and other debris were pulled from the sea. On 25 January, a U.S. Navy ship detected signals coming from the flight recorder. The Flight Data Recorder (FDR) was recovered from a depth of on 2000 meters on 27 August. The Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR) was recovered on 28 August from a depth of 1900 meters.
- Airport information for MDC at Great Circle Mapper.
- Airport information for Manado International Airport at Search (for) Travel website.
- "PK-ZDF Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
- Official Website Sam Ratulangi International Airport
- NACO Airport Consultants: Preparation of master plans and implementation of the first development stages at Sam Ratulangi International airport (1994–2003)