|Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas|
November 25, 1991
|Appointed by||George H.W. Bush|
|Preceded by||New seat|
|Born||1939 (age 75–76)
|Alma mater||University of Texas (B.A.)
University of Texas School of Law (LL.B.)
Sam Sparks (born 1939) is a federal judge in the Austin Division of the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas.
After graduating from Austin High School as senior class president, Sparks received an undergraduate degree from the University of Texas in 1961 where he was a member of the Texas Cowboys and the Delta Tau Delta Fraternity.  He earned a Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of Texas School of Law two years later. He clerked for Federal District Court Judge Homer Thornberry before turning to private practice.
His great-grandfather and his grandfather were also named Sam Sparks; the former was sheriff of Bell County, Texas, and the latter succeeded him in 1897. This Sam Sparks became president of the Texas Sheriff's Association in 1903 and the Texas state treasurer in 1906.
He was married to Arden Reed Sparks, until she died in 1990. He married his second wife, Melinda Echols, formerly of Fort Worth, in 1995.
Sparks was nominated by President George H.W. Bush on October 1, 1991, to a new seat created by 104 Stat. 5089. He was confirmed by the Senate on November 21, 1991, and received his commission on November 25, 1991.
Sparks once began an order with a poem, and began another order with the following: "When the undersigned accepted the appointment from the President of the United States of the position now held, he was ready to face the daily practice of law in federal courts with presumably competent lawyers. No one warned the undersigned that in many instances his responsibility would be the same as a person who supervised kindergarten."
Among his more notable cases were the sentencing of former Texas Attorney General Dan Morales (for mail fraud and filing false tax returns) and the trial of Gary Paul Karr for federal wire fraud (in connection with the kidnapping and murders of atheist Madalyn Murray O'Hair and her son and granddaughter). Sparks also heard the Karl Rove & Co. v Thornburgh case in 1993. This case found its way into court following a dispute over payment of fundraising expenses by the failed Republican Senate campaign of Dick Thornburgh. Sparks ruled that Rove's company could recoup roughly $180,000 in bills from the Thornburgh campaign.
In 1994 Sparks ruled in favor of Steve Jackson Games against the United States Secret Service. The latter had raided Jackson's offices and seized computers, searching for a sensitive file that one of Jackson's employees may have posted. The Electronic Frontier Foundation helped with the lawsuit, and Sparks ruled that the Secret Service had acted in a too heavy-handed manner.
In 1998 Sparks issued stays of execution for Joseph Stanley Faulder and Danny Lee Barber, holding that the Texas Board of Pardons and Paroles failed to provide due process in considering their requests for clemency.
He received the Trial Judge of the Year from the Texas Chapter of the Board of Trial Advocates in 2005. In 2010, he became the second honoree in the history of the American College of Trial Lawyers' Sandra Day O'Connor Award. The award "is to be given from time to time to a judge, either federal or state, who has demonstrated exemplary judicial independence in the performance of his or her duties, sometimes in difficult or even dangerous circumstances."
In 2006 he handled a case involving the Texas Republican Party's effort to get former Congressman Tom DeLay's name removed from the ballot in the 2006 Congressional Election. DeLay won the Republican primary election in March, but resigned from Congress in early April during a corruption scandal. However, since Texas law states that the name of a candidate who "withdraws" from a race after the primary must remain on the ballot, Texas Democrats filed a lawsuit to prevent Republicans from nominating another candidate. Republicans argued that DeLay did not "withdraw" from the race but instead made himself ineligible to be elected by changing his voter registration from Texas to Virginia, therefore allowing Republicans to name a replacement. On July 6, Judge Sparks ruled that DeLay's name must remain on the ballot.
In 2012 the court commemorated his 20 years served on the federal bench and marked the occasion with a portrait painted by artist Michele Rushworth.
- "Texas Cowboys Alumni Association".
- The Cactus. Austin, TX: University of Texas. 1961. pp. 418–419.
- "U.S. District Judge Sam Sparks began his Barton Springs ruling with the following poem". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved March 8, 2012.
- "KLEIN-BECKER v. Stanley, Dist. Court, WD Texas 2004". Retrieved March 8, 2012.
- "U.S. Judge Praised as Man of Principle," Fort Worth Star Telegram, Dec. 20, 1998 at 1B
- "Sandra Day O'Connor Jurist Award". American College of Trial Lawyers. Retrieved March 8, 2012.
- Ratcliffe, R.G. (July 6, 2006). "Judge's ruling keeps DeLay on ballot". Houston Chronicle.
- Liptak, Adam (October 15, 2011). "College Diversity Nears Its Last Stand". The New York Times.