Sama–Bajaw languages

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Sulu Archipelago and Biliran, between the Philippines and Borneo
Linguistic classification: Austronesian
Glottolog: sama1302[1]

The Sama–Bajaw languages are a well established group of languages spoken by the Bajau ('Sea Gypsies') and Sama (Sinama) peoples of the Philippines and Malaysia, on Borneo and the Sulu Archipelago between Borneo and Mindanao.


Blust (2006)[2] states that lexical evidence indicates that Sama–Bajaw originated in the Barito region of southeast Borneo, though not from any established group of Barito languages. Ethnologue has followed, calling the resulting group 'Greater Barito'.


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Sama–Bajaw". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Blust, Robert. 2006. 'The linguistic macrohistory of the Philippines'. In Liao & Rubino, eds, Current Issues in Philippine Linguistics and Anthropology. pp 31–68.