Samad Khan Momtaz os-Saltaneh

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Samad Khan Momtaz os-Saltaneh
Momtaz saltaneh.jpg
Prime Minister of Iran
In office
2 August 1918 – 20 August 1918
Monarch Ahmad Shah Qajar
Preceded by Hassan Pirnia
Succeeded by Hassan Pirnia
Ambassador of Iran to France
In office
April 1905 – March 1906
Appointed by Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar
In office
5 March 1946 – 27 September 1951
Personal details
Born 1869
Tehran, Iran
Died 1955
Paris, France
Political party Constitutional Movement
Religion Islam

Samad Khan Momtaz os-Saltaneh, or Momtaz ol Saltaneh (1869–1955) (in Persian : صمد خان ممتاز السطنه) was an Iranian diplomat of the Qajar and Pahlavi dynasty era.

Early life[edit]

Samad Khan Momtaz was born in 1869 in Tabriz[1] in an Azeri family. His father was Ali Akbar Mokrem os-Saltaneh and his brothers were Momtaz Homayoun and Esmail Momtaz od-Dowleh,[2][3] His father was an eminent aristocrat and diplomat.[1]


In 1883, Samad Khan Momtaz os-Saltaneh was secretary to the legation of Persia in Paris. Later, he was embassy counsellor in St. Petersburg and participated in the European travels of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar and then Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar. Edward Granville Browne reported in 1912 that Samad Khan acted at the instigation of the Russian forces in Tabriz in the winter of 1911-1912 in putting down Constitutionalists. Mirza Mahmud of Salmas, a clergyman, was murdered in Samad Khans house, after "his eyes were plucked out and his tongue cut out (for he was an orator)". Na'ib Yusuf of Hukmabad was beheaded by Samad Khan and his body cut in two halves "like a sheep, and suspended on either side of the bazaar."[4] He was the Persian minister in Belgium and the Netherlands before being appointed Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Minister in Paris in April 1905. He remained at this position until March 1926.[1] He never returned to Iran and chose to live in Paris. He was recognized by the French government as counsellor of the Iranian embassy in Paris from 25 March 1946 to 27 September 1951.

Personal life[edit]

His first marriage, to an Iranian, resulted in a son, Abdollah, who would later become a diplomat in Iran. He had two daughters from a second marriage to a Frenchwoman. He died in 1955 in Paris and was buried at Père-Lachaise cemetery. In March 1921, Samad Khan was elevated to Prince by Ahmad Shah Qajar with the title of Royal Highness. He was a Grand Officier de la Légion d'honneur.[5][6]


  1. ^ a b c Kadkhodazadeh, Esmail. "A socio-political glimse at the first two "Persian" IOC members" (PDF). LA 84 Foundation. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Esmail Momtaz od-Dowleh, On
  3. ^ « Mirza Esmail Khan Momtaz od-Dowleh », Institute for Iranian contemporary historical Studies.
  4. ^ Browne, Edward G. (October 1912). The Reign of Terror at Tabriz. England's Responsibility. Manchester: Taylor, Garnett, Evans & Co. p. 7. 
  5. ^ Iranian delegation at King Edward VII funeral, Hakimi's family site
  6. ^ Samad Momtaz ol-Saltaneh, On site

External links[edit]

By S. Verdad)

Preceded by
Hassan Pirnia
Prime Minister of Iran
Succeeded by
Hassan Pirnia