|Chairperson||Mulayam Singh Yadav|
|Lok Sabha leader||Mulayam Singh|
|Rajya Sabha leader||Ram Gopal Yadav|
|Founded||October 4, 1992|
|Headquarters||18 Copernicus Lane, New Delhi|
|ECI Status||State Party|
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
|Politics of India
Samajwadi Party (SP; translation: Socialist Party; founded October 4, 1992) is a recognised state political party in India based in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh (UP). It describes itself as a democratic socialist party .
The Samajwadi Party was one of several parties that emerged when the Janata Dal (People's League), fragmented into several regional parties. The Samajwadi Party is led by Akhilesh Yadav, who is Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
The Samajwadi Party primarily based in Uttar Pradesh State. It has contested Lok Sabha and State Assembly elections around the country, though its successes have been mainly in Uttar Pradesh. In the assembly election in Madhya Pradesh in 2003, the Samajwadi Party gained 7 seats, making it the third largest party in the state. When its candidate won the by-election of Lanji (Balaghat) in 2007, its total tally reached 8.
In the 16th Lok Sabha, it currently has only 4 members(Mulayam Singh Yadav won from 2 seats and resigned from Mainpuri).
In the 2007 Uttar Pradesh legislative election, the SP won only 96 seats as compared to 146 in the previous election. As a result, Chief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav had to resign, with his rival Mayawati, leader of the BSP (which won a majority of 207 seats), sworn in as the Chief Minister.
In the 2012 legislative assembly elections of Uttar Pradesh, SP registered a landslide victory with a clear majority in the House, thus enabling it to form the Government in the state. This was expected to be the fifth term of Mulayam Singh Yadav as Chief Minister of state, but he surprised everyone by selecting his son, Akhilesh Yadav, to be the new chief minister (the youngest ever). It became official on March 15. It was also the first time that SP was head of the UP government for a full term of 5 years.
Position in state and national politics
The Samajawadi Party has been providing outside support to the United Progressive Alliance government. However, it contested the 2009 general election in alliance with the Rashtriya Janata Dal and the Lok Janshakti Party of Bihar.
The Samajwadi Party still supports the central UPA Government from outside at the national level. It is currently the third-largest party in parliament. In general elections in 2009, it won 23 seats, behind the Indian National Congress with 206 seats and the Bharatiya Janata Party with 116 seats.
In April 2014, Save Family Foundation encouraged voters to support Samajwadi Party or vote none of the above because Samajwadi Party has stated that it opposes the alleged misuse of gender bias laws.
Muzzaffar Nagar riots
The clashes between the Hindu and Muslim communities in Muzaffarnagar district, Uttar Pradesh, India in August - September 2013, resulted in at least 49 deaths and injured 93 and left more than 50,000 displaced. By 17 September, the curfew was lifted from all riot affected areas and the army was also withdrawn.
The riot has been described as "the worst violence in Uttar Pradesh in recent history," with the army, as a result, being deployed in the state for the first time in last 20 years. Supreme Court of India while hearing petitions in relation to the riots held the Akhilesh Yadav led Samajwadi Party, prima facie guilty of negligence in preventing the violence and ordered it to immediately arrest all those accused irrespective of their political affiliation. Court also blamed the Central government for its failure to provide intelligence inputs to the Samajwadi Party-ruled state government in time to help sound alerts.
Noted SP figures
- Shivpal Singh Yadav, senior member, P.W.D. Minister in UP Government
- Rajendra Chaudhary, Senior Cabinet Minister, Party spokesperson of Uttar Pradesh 
- Gaurav Bhatia, National President Samajwadi Legal Wing - Spokesperson of the Samajwadi Party - represents the Samajwadi Party in National TV debates.
- Samajwadi Party :: Official Website. Samajwadiparty.in. Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
- "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013". India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
- Why Uttar Pradesh is India's battleground state
- "Assembly Elections May 2013 Results". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- "Assembly Elections 2012 - The end of Mayayug in UP". IndiaVoice. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-07.
- "SP, RJD, LJP Front to kickstart UP campaign on Apr 9". Times of India. 5 April 2009. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "Fifteenth LokSabha Party wise". loksabha.nic.in. LokSabha. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- Anuraag Singh (Apr 17, 2014). "Vote for Samajwadi Party or press Nota: Mulayam". Indiatimes. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- "Troops deployed to quell deadly communal clashes between Hindus, Muslims in north India". Associated Press. Retrieved 8 September 2013.[dead link]
- Adrija Bose (2013-09-08). "Firstpost India IBN7 journalist killed in UP communal riots, Army clamps curfewIBN7 journalist killed in UP communal riots, Army clamps curfew". Firstpost. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
- Ahmed Ali Fayyaz (2013-09-08). "9 killed in communal riots in Muzaffarnagar, curfew clamped, army deployed". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
- "Fresh clashes in UPs Muzaffarnagar leave 26 dead, Army deployed in affected areas". The Hindustan Times. 2013-09-07. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
- "Muzaffarnagar riots: normalcy returns, army leaves". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- Communal violence in India: An old curse returns
- Anand, Utkarsh (26 March 2014). "SC holds Akhilesh govt guilty of negligence, orders arrest of all Muzaffarnagar accused". Indian Express. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
- "UP PWD minister Shivpal Yadav lays foundation of 61 projects - The Times of India". The Times Of India.
- Parties united in concealing rally spend - TOI Mobile | The Times of India Mobile Site. M.timesofindia.com (2013-11-10). Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
- Debate on Times Now "Is there a secret alliance between the Samajwadi Party and Congress?". YouTube. Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
10.Vote for Samajwadi Party or press Nota: Mulayam Anuraag Singh,TNN | Apr 17, 2014, 02.46 AM IST
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