|Chairperson||Mulayam Singh Yadav|
|Lok Sabha leader||Mulayam Singh|
|Rajya Sabha leader||Ram Gopal Yadav|
|Founded||October 4, 1992|
|Headquarters||18 Copernicus Lane, New Delhi|
|ECI Status||State Party|
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
|Politics of India
Samajwadi Party (SP; translation: Socialist Party; founded October 4, 1992) is a recognised state political party in India based in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh (UP). It describes itself as a democratic socialist party .
The Samajwadi Party was one of several parties that emerged when the Janata Dal (People's League), fragmented into several regional parties. The Samajwadi Party is led by Akhilesh Yadav, who is Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
The Samajwadi Party primarily based in Uttar Pradesh State. It has contested Lok Sabha and State Assembly elections around the country, though its successes have been mainly in Uttar Pradesh. In the assembly election in Madhya Pradesh in 2003, the Samajwadi Party gained 7 seats, making it the third largest party in the state. When its candidate won the by-election of Lanji (Balaghat) in 2007, its total tally reached 8.
In the 16th Lok Sabha, it currently has only 4 members(Mulayam Singh Yadav won from 2 seats and resigned from Mainpuri).
In the 2007 Uttar Pradesh legislative election, the SP won only 96 seats as compared to 146 in the previous election. As a result, Chief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav had to resign, with his rival Mayawati, leader of the BSP (which won a majority of 207 seats), sworn in as the Chief Minister.
In the 2012 legislative assembly elections of Uttar Pradesh, SP registered a landslide victory with a clear majority in the House, thus enabling it to form the Government in the state. This was expected to be the fifth term of Mulayam Singh Yadav as Chief Minister of state, but he surprised everyone by selecting his son, Akhilesh Yadav, to be the new chief minister (the youngest ever). It became official on March 15. It was also the first time that SP was head of the UP government for a full term of 5 years.
Position in state and national politics
The Samajawadi Party has been providing outside support to the United Progressive Alliance government. However, it contested the 2009 general election in alliance with the Rashtriya Janata Dal and the Lok Janshakti Party of Bihar.
The Samajwadi Party still supports the central UPA Government from outside at the national level. It is currently the third-largest party in parliament. In general elections in 2009, it won 23 seats, behind the Indian National Congress with 206 seats and the Bharatiya Janata Party with 116 seats.
In April 2014, Save Family Foundation encouraged voters to support Samajwadi Party or vote none of the above because Samajwadi Party has stated that it opposes the alleged misuse of gender bias laws.
Noted SP figures
- Shivpal Singh Yadav, senior member, P.W.D. Minister in UP Government
- Rajendra Chaudhary, Senior Cabinet Minister, Party spokesperson of Uttar Pradesh 
- Gaurav Bhatia, National President Samajwadi Legal Wing - Spokesperson of the Samajwadi Party - represents the Samajwadi Party in National TV debates.
- Samajwadi Party :: Official Website. Samajwadiparty.in. Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
- "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013". India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
- Why Uttar Pradesh is India's battleground state
- "Assembly Elections May 2013 Results". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- "Assembly Elections 2012 - The end of Mayayug in UP". IndiaVoice. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-07.
- "SP, RJD, LJP Front to kickstart UP campaign on Apr 9". Times of India. 5 April 2009. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "Fifteenth LokSabha Party wise". loksabha.nic.in. LokSabha. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- Anuraag Singh (Apr 17, 2014). "Vote for Samajwadi Party or press Nota: Mulayam". Indiatimes. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- "UP PWD minister Shivpal Yadav lays foundation of 61 projects - The Times of India". The Times Of India.
- Parties united in concealing rally spend - TOI Mobile | The Times of India Mobile Site. M.timesofindia.com (2013-11-10). Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
- Debate on Times Now "Is there a secret alliance between the Samajwadi Party and Congress?". YouTube. Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
10.Vote for Samajwadi Party or press Nota: Mulayam Anuraag Singh,TNN | Apr 17, 2014, 02.46 AM IST
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