Samajwadi Party

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Samajwadi Party
समाजवादी पार्टी
Chairperson Mulayam Singh Yadav
Secretary-General Kiranmoy Nanda
Leader in Lok Sabha Mulayam Singh
Leader in Rajya Sabha Ram Gopal Yadav
Founded October 4, 1992
Headquarters 18 Copernicus Lane, New Delhi
Ideology Populism
Democratic socialism[1]
Political position Centre-Left
Colours Light blue
Alliance Third Front
Seats in Lok Sabha
22 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
9 / 245
Seats in UP Legislative Assembly
224 / 403
Election symbol
Samajwadi Party symbol
Official Website
Politics of India
Political parties

Samajwadi Party (Hindi: समाजवादी पार्टी) (SP; literally, Socialist Party; founded October 4, 1992) is a recognised state political party in India based in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh (UP). It describes itself as a democratic socialist party and is mainly representing the interests of a caste grouping called Other Backward Classes (OBCs).[2]

The Samajwadi Party was one of several parties that emerged when the Janata Dal (People's League), fragmented into several regional parties. The Samajwadi Party is led by Mulayam Singh Yadav, who was Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and defence minister of India.

Electoral record[edit]

The Samajwadi Party primarily based in Uttar Pradesh State. It has contested Lok Sabha and State Assembly elections around the country, though its successes have been mainly in Uttar Pradesh. In the assembly election in Madhya Pradesh in 2003, the Samajwadi Party gained 7 seats, making it the third largest party in the state. When its candidate won the by-election of Lanji (Balaghat) in 2007, its total tally reached 8.

In the 15th Lok Sabha, it currently has 22 members, making it the third largest party in that house.

In 2005, former Karnataka Chief Minister Bangarappa resigned from the BJP to join the Samajwadi Party. He successfully held his Lok Sabha seat (representing Shimoga) on the Samajwadi ticket.

In the 2007 Uttar Pradesh legislative election, the SP won only 96 seats as compared to 146 in the previous election. As a result, Chief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav had to resign, with his rival Mayawati, leader of the BSP (which won a majority of 207 seats), sworn in as the Chief Minister.

In the 2012 legislative assembly elections of Uttar Pradesh, SP registered a landslide victory with a clear majority in the House, thus enabling it to form the Government in the state. This was expected to be the fifth term of Mulayam Singh Yadav as Chief Minister of state, but he surprised everyone by selecting his son, Akhilesh Yadav, to be the new chief minister (the youngest ever). It became official on March 15. It was also the first time that SP was head of the UP government for a full term of 5 years.[3][4]

Position in state and national politics[edit]

The Samajawadi Party has been providing outside support to the United Progressive Alliance government. However, it contested the 2009 general election in alliance with the Rashtriya Janata Dal and the Lok Janshakti Party of Bihar.[5]

The Samajwadi Party(S.P) still supports the central UPA Government from outside at the national level. It is currently the third-largest party in parliament.[6] In general elections in 2009, it won 23 seats, behind the Indian National Congress with 206 seats and the Bharatiya Janata Party with 116 seats.

In West Bengal, West Bengal Socialist Party of Kiranmoy Nanda had merged with SP. SP has three MLAs in Maharashtra, two MLAs in Bihar and one MLA each in Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal.

On 17th April,2014 The Samajwadi Party(S.P)get huge support from NGO like Save Family Foundation(SFF) Vote for Samajwadi Party or press Nota

Noted SP figures[edit]


10.Vote for Samajwadi Party or press Nota: Mulayam Anuraag Singh,TNN | Apr 17, 2014, 02.46 AM IST

External links[edit]