Samal, Bataan

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Samal
Samel
Municipality
Samal Town Hall
Samal Town Hall
Map of Bataan showing the location of Samal
Map of Bataan showing the location of Samal
Samal is located in Philippines
Samal
Samal
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°46′N 120°33′E / 14.767°N 120.550°E / 14.767; 120.550Coordinates: 14°46′N 120°33′E / 14.767°N 120.550°E / 14.767; 120.550
Country  Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Bataan
Legislative district 1st District of Bataan
Founded 1699
Barangays 14
Government[1]
 • Mayor Generosa "Gene" Malibiran Dela Fuente (Liberal)
 • Vice Mayor Emmanuel R. Cortez (Liberal)
Area[2]
 • Total 56.30 km2 (21.74 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 33,578
 • Density 600/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2113
Dialing code 47
Income class 4th class municipality

Samal is a fourth class municipality in the northeastern part of Bataan, Philippines, about 114 kilometres (71 mi) away from Manila. It has a total land area of 5,630 hectares (13,900 acres), and is bounded by the municipalities of Orani, Abucay, by Mount Natib and Manila Bay and.

Samal celebrated its 371st founding Anniversary on 20 April, 2012.

Etymology and history[edit]

Samal originated from "samel" (a covering that attached to a banca to protect the passengers from the sun and rain, made of nipa leaves and woven together). Saint Catherine of Sienna became the patron of Samal which was founded as a municipality on April 20, 1941.[4]

“Sea gypsies” of Mindanao settlers (“Badjaos” who resided for many years in Maubac, Lambayung, Tanjung, Pata, Tapul, Lugus, Bangos, Pagasinan, Parang, Maimbung, Karugdung and Talipaw, Mindanao) migrated to Luzon in the early 14th century and settled in Bataan, in Abucay occupied by the Tausogs. In Samal, they propagated the pearl and capiz culture.

Samal was the second town founded by the Dominican friars in Bataan compose of 4 barrios namely: Calaguiman, Santa Lucia, Poblacion and Lalawigan in the earliest times (now totaling 14 barangays).

Municipal government and politics[edit]

Pursuant to the Local government in the Philippines",[5][6] the political seat of the municipal government is located at the Municipal Town Hall. In the History of the Philippines (1521–1898), the Gobernadorcillo is the Chief Executive who holds office in the Presidencia. During the American rule (1898–1946) (History of the Philippines (1898-1946)), the elected Mayor and local officials, including the appointed ones hold office at the Municipal Town Hall. The legislative and executive departments perform their functions in the Sangguniang Bayan (Session Hall) and Municipal Trial Court, respectively, and are located in the Town Hall.

Samal, Bataan's incumbent elected officials are - Mayor Mayor Generosa "Gene" Malibiran Dela Fuente (Liberal) and Vice Mayor Emmanuel R. Cortez (Liberal)

The Sangguniang Bayan Members are: Aida De Guia Macalinao, Madell Tagorio Bathan, Amelia Yabut Dela Rosa, Roman, Jr. Estrella Lazarte, Eduardo Alipio De Castro, Ricky Bugay Santos, John Samson Mateo and Eduardo Bugay De Leon.[7] They hold office at the second floor of the Town Hall, particularly the Office of the Mayor and Sangguniang Bayan Session Hall, respectively.

The 2nd Municipal Circuit Trial Court of Orani, Bataan-Samal, Bataan, MCTC Judge Ma. Cristina J. Mendoza-Pizzaro holds office in her sala located at the second floor of the MTC building at the back of the Orani, Bataan Town hall.

Barangays[edit]

Samal is divided into 14 barangays:[2]

  • East Calaguiman
  • East Daang Bago (Pob.)
  • Ibaba (Pob.)
  • Imelda
  • Lalawigan
  • Palili
  • San Juan (Pob.)
  • San Roque (Pob.)
  • Santa Lucia (Pob.)
  • Sapa
  • Tabing Ilog (Pob.)
  • Gugo
  • West Calaguiman
  • West Daang Bago (Pob.)

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Samal
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 21,991 —    
1995 24,560 +2.23%
2000 27,410 +2.22%
2007 33,867 +3.07%
2010 33,578 −0.29%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Economy[edit]

Composed largely of uplands and hills covering with some lowlands and plains. Samal's main produce are palay, corn, vegetable, fruits rootcrops, coffee and cutflowers, including livestock, poultry and aquatic resources such as shellfish, crabs, prawns, shrimps and different species of fish.

Joaquin Ma. Joson of Bataan established the first ice plant. Wooden shoe ("bakya") making, and pulp mills (Bataan Pulp and Paper Mills, Inc. in the scenic slope of Mt. Natib) are some of the industries of the natives. It also manufactures banana chips and arrow root flour through native processes, then made into cookies called "araro" as "pasalubong". Samal is also rich is marine aquatic resources and highly productive farmlands.

Garments manufacturing in Samal is engaged in by five (5) firms already engaged in exports.[8]

Products of Samal[edit]

In the Town Hall of Samal and along the streets, Capiz shells are displayed to prove that the town residents manufacture this precious commodity. The best cultured pearls and shell crafts are being produced in Samal.

1. Seafood

  • squid
  • crab
  • fish
  • oyster
  • mussels
  • shrimp

2. Fruits and Vegetables

Landmarks[edit]

Samal's interesting points, attractions, events and historical landmarks include:

  • Senakulo sa Calaguiman (barangay) during Holy Week is one of the finest Passion Plays in the Archipelago.
  • Town Hall of Samal
  • Samal Capiz shell industry
  • Fish ponds, mangrove, mussels and seafoods in Samal, Bataan bay

Parish Church of St. Catherine of Siena[edit]

Facade of the 1596 Parish Church of St. Catherine of Siena

The 1596 Parish Church of St. Catherine of Siena belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Balanga[9][10][11] (Dioecesis Balangensis - Suffragan of San Fernando, Pampanga Created: March 17, 1975. Canonically Erected: November 7, 1975. Comprises the whole civil province of Bataan. Titular: St. Joseph, Husband of Mary, April 28. Bishop Most Reverend Ruperto Cruz Santos, DD).[12][13]

The Parish has a Catholic population of 11,581, under Titular of St. Catherine of Siena, with Feast day of April 30. Its former Parish Priest is Monsignor Edilfredo Cruz of the[14] Vicariate of St. Dominic de Guzman.[15] As of June, 2011, Fr. Antonio David Bernaldo was assigned as new Parish Priest of Samal Church, Saint Catherine of Siena.[16]

The Dominicans in 1596 directed the spirituality of Samal. Attacked by Dutch invaders in April 1647, the local garrison of Pampanga under Alejo Aguas ousted the Dutch forces. Rev. Jeromino Belen, O.P. rebuilt the ruined church and the convent. In 1896 the Katipuneros burmed the church and convent which were rebuilt by Rev. Justo Quesada in 1903.

Saint Catherine of Siena, T.O.S.D, (25 March 1347 in Siena – 29 April 1380 in Rome) was a tertiary of the Dominican Order, and a Scholastic philosopher and theologian. She also worked to bring the papacy of Gregory XI back to Rome from its displacement in France, and to establish peace among the Italian city-states. She was proclaimed a Doctor of the Church in 1970. She is one of the two patron saints of Italy, together with St. Francis of Assisi.

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]