Saman Khuda (Saman Khoda, Saman-khudat) was an 8th century Persian noble whose descendants (the House of Saman) later became rulers of Persian (the Samanid Empire). He was a Dehqan from the village of Saman in Balkh province in present-day northern Afghanistan (then part of Persia). In the early 8th century, he came to Merv, seat of the Caliphal governor of Khorasan, Asad ibn 'Abd Allah al-Qasri (ruled 723-727). Saman was originally a Zoroastrian,. But he was so impressed with the piety of Asad ibn 'Abd-Allah al-Qasri, the Caliphal governor of Khorasan, that he converted to Islam. He named his son Asad in the governor's honor.
Caliph al-Mamun (786-833) subsequently appointed Asad's four sons – Saman Khuda's grandsons – as governors of Samarkand, Ferghana, Shash and Ustrushana, and Herat in recognition of their role in the suppression of a revolt. This began the House of Saman; Saman Khuda's great-grandson Isma'il ibn Ahmad (849-907) became Amir of Transoxiana and Khorasan.
Saman was a 4th or 5th generation descendant of Bahram Chobin,  a noble of the ancient House of Mihran, who played an important role in the history of the later Sassanian Empire.
- ^ Bosworth, Clifford Edmund. The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual p. 162
- ^ Dhalla, M. N. History of Zoroastrianism (1938) Part 6, Chapter XLIII
- ^ Mohammad Taher, Encyclopaedic Survey of Islamic Culture, pg. 84
- ^ a b Shamsiddin Kamoliddin, "To the Question of the Origin of the Samanids", Transoxiana 10 (July 2005).
- ^ Narshaki (trans. R. N. Frye), History of Bukhara, Pg 79
- ^ R. N. Frye, The Golden Age of Persia, London: Butler & Tanner Ltd., 1996, p. 200.
- Frye, R.N. (1975). "The Sāmānids". In Frye, R.N. The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 4: From the Arab Invasion to the Saljuqs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 136–161. ISBN 0-521-20093-8.