|Elevation||240 m (790 ft)|
|• Official||Punjabi, Hindi, Urdu, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||PB 42|
Before Independence, Samana was a part of Patiala Kingdom (PEPSU). Now it is a part of Patiala District of Punjab (India).
It traces its history to the days of Raja Jaipal who ruled over, among others, the territories of Bhatinda, Samana. It fell into the hands of Shahab-ud-Din Muhammad Gauri after the conquest of Ajmer and Delhi and was entrusted to Qutb-ud-Din Aibek in 1192, along with the territories of Ghuram and Sunam. With the increasing importance of Sirhind under the Mughals, Samana received a little set-back.
While Samana is said to be a place of saints and scholars during the Mughal days, it is notorious also for its professional executioners, who served at Delhi and Sirhind. Sayyad Jala-ud-Din, who executed Guru Teg Bahadur at Delhi in 1675 was from Samana. Beg brothers, who mercilessly butchered the younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh also belonged to Samana. This hated town was therefore one of the first places to have been sacked by Banda Bahadur. But the Mughals were yet too strong for the rising power of Sikhs and Samana had to be given up by them towards the end of 1710 AD.It was retaken in about 1742 AD by Baba Ala Singh, the founder of the Patiala ruling family and was recognized as a part of his territories by Ahamd Shah Durani.
As of 2001[update] India census, Samana had a population of 46,509. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Samana has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 61%. In Samana, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.Area: 5.5 sq.km – Density: 8,471.3 inh./sq.km  – Change: +2.43%/year [1991 → 2001]
Samana is one of the 117 Vidhan Sabha Constituencies of Punjab. There are 237457 voters (122932 males and 114525 females) under Samana constituency.
List of MLAs of Samana Constituency
- 1977 : Gurdev Singh (SAD)
- 1980 : Sant Ram Singla (INC)
- 1985 : Hardial Singh Rajla(SAD)
- 1992 : Amrinder Singh (SAD)
- 1997 : Jagtar Singh Rajla (SAD)
- 2002 : Surjit Singh Rakhra (SAD)
- 2007 : Brahm Mohindra (INC)
- 2012 : Surjit Singh Rakhra (SAD)
Places to Visit
Gurudwara Thada Sahib: Thada Sahib is a beautiful Historical Gurudwara. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji came to this place when was on the way to Delhi. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji came here to the place of Sai Anayat Ali. Adjoining was the Area of Cruel Muslim, who had thrown Cow Bones in the well when Guru Sahib's sikh went there for water. After that Guru Sahib got a well dug there.
Bir Gurdialpura Wildlife Sanctuary: Bir Gurdialpura Wildlife Sanctuary is about 15 km from Samana. It was one of the important hunting reserves of the erstwhile rulers of Patiala state. It was declared a protected forest and then as a sanctuary under the Fauna of Patiala Act. The sanctuary has a good ecological value and habitat for number of wild animals.
Panchmukhi Mandir: Panchmukhi Mandir is one of the ancient temples of Samana. It is a large and beautiful temple devoted to Lord Shiva. Every year, a grand festival is celebrated in this temple on the occasion of Mahashivaratri. Mata Naina Devi Mandir is also there inside this mandir.
Panj Peer Mazar: It is a major pilgrimage centre for Shia Muslims. Sayyid Mash-had Ali was buried here about 1200 years ago and the town of Samana also takes its name from his mother. According to scholars of Muslim history, the discovery of the mazar is significant in that there is no mazar of any Imam in South Asia.
New Gaushaala: It is one of largest Gaushaalas in Punjab. It is built on the banks of Bhakra, on Samana-Patiala road. It is fully accompalished with world class infrastructure and facilities. It covers 12 acres area. People visit here on the daily basis and offers charity and help.
Pingla Ashram: It is a charitable center and home for mentally retarded, handicapped and elderly helpless people. It was started by Dr. Hari Ram. It is being operated by a committee of reputed people of Samana. It is managed by the donations from generous people of local town, adjacent villages and abroad.
Shri Sai Baba Mandir: It is located at the distance of 3 km from Samana. Mata Myser Mandir with Mata Bala Sundri Mandir is also here. It is located on the border of Samana and Shadipur (Haryana).
st. lawrence sr. sec. school. cheeka road , samana
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Gurudwara Shri Thada Sahib, Samana (HistoricalGurudwaras.com)