Samara River

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This article is about the tributary of the Volga. For the tributary of the Dnieper, see Samara River (Dnieper).
Samara River
Old bridge Samara.jpg
Samara river in the city of Samara
Mouth Volga River
Basin countries Russia
Length 594 km
Source elevation  
Avg. discharge approx. 50 m³/s
Basin area 46,500 km²
Lower Samara from space, Ural River at lower right

The Samara (Russian: Сама́ра) is a river in Russia, left tributary of Volga. The city of Samara is located at the confluence of Volga and Samara. The river rises southwest of the southern end of the Ural Mountains close to the middle Ural River near the town of Orenburg. It then flows west or west northwest to meet the hairpin bend of the Volga at the town of Samara. It was the traditional southern boundary of the Bashkir country. On the south side was the Nogai Horde, who were replaced by the Kalmyks around 1630. From 1735-1740 the Orenburg Line of forts ran along the Samara.[citation needed]


The asteroid 26922 Samara was named in honour of the river and city on 1 June 2007.

Coordinates: 53°10′01″N 50°03′43″E / 53.16694°N 50.06194°E / 53.16694; 50.06194