Samaritan High Priest

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The Samaritan High Priest is the high priest (kohen gadol) of the Samaritan community in the Middle East.

According to Samaritan tradition, the office has existed continuously since Aaron, the brother of Moses, and has been held by 132 people. This is not accepted by all historians, but the office may go back to the Hellenistic period, which would still make it the oldest office in the world. One account by Josephus suggests that it is an offshoot of the Zadokite high priests in Jerusalem from around the time of Alexander the Great.

The continuous lineage of Samaritan High Priests, descending directly from Aaron through Eleazar and Phinehas, was however disrupted in 17th century. In 1624, the last Samaritan High Priest of the line of Eleazar son of Aaron died without male succession, but descendants of Aaron's other son, Ithamar, remained and took over the office.[1]

Partial list of Samaritan High Priests[edit]

  • 112 (1613–1624) Shelemiah ben Pinhas
  • 113 (1624–1650) Tsedaka ben Tabia Ha'abta'ai
  • 114 (1650–1694) Yitzhaq ben Tsedaka
  • 115 (1694–1732) Abraham ben Yitzhaq
  • 116 (1732–1752) Tabia ben Yiszhaq ben Avraham
  • 117 (1752–1787) Levi ben Avraham
  • 118 (1787–1855) Shalma ben Tabia
  • 119 (1855–1874) Amram ben Shalma
  • 120 (1874–1916) Yaacob ben Aaharon ben Shalma
  • 121 (1916–1932) Yitzhaq ben Amram ben Shalma ben Tabia
  • 122 (1933–1943) Matzliach ben Phinhas ben Yitzhaq ben Shalma
  • 123 (1943–1961) Abisha ben Phinhas ben Yittzhaq ben Shalma
  • 124 (1961–1980) Amram ben Yitzhaq ben Amram ben Shalma
  • 125 (1980–1982) Asher ben Matzliach ben Phinhas
  • 126 (1982–1984) Phinhas ben Matzliach ben Phinhas
  • 127 (1984–1987) Yaacob ben Ezzi ben Yaacob ben Aaharon
  • 128 (1987–1998) Yoseph ben Ab-Hisda ben Yaacov ben Aaharon {1919-1998}
  • 129 (1998–2001) Levi ben Abisha ben Phinhas ben Yitzhaq {1920-2001}
  • 130 (2001–2004) Shalom ben Amram ben Yitzhaq (Saum Is'haq al-Samiri){1922-2004}
  • 131 (2004–2010) Elazar ben Tsedaka ben Yitzhaq {1927-2010}
  • 132 (2010-2013) Aharon ben Ab-Chisda ben Yaacob
  • 133 (2013-) Aabed-El ben Asher ben Matzliach

See also[edit]

References[edit]