Samarkand Oblast

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Map of Samarkand Oblast

The Samarkand Oblast (Russian: Самаркандская область) was an oblast (province) of the Russian Empire between 1868 and 1924. It roughly corresponded to most of present-day central Uzbekistan and northwestern Tajikistan. It was created out of the northeastern part of Emirate of Bukhara. It was constituted from rayons of Samarkand (Samarkand and Panjakent uzeyds), Jizzakh (Jizzakh and Katta-Kurgan uzeyds) and Khojent (Khojent and Uratyube uzeyds).


As of 1897, 860,021 people populated the oblast. Uzbeks constituted the majority of the population. Significant minorities consisted of Tajiks and Kazakhs. Total Turkic speaking were 609,204 (70,8%).

Ethnic groups in 1897[1][edit]

TOTAL 860,021 100%
Uzbeks 507,587 59%
Tajiks 230,384 26.8%
Kazakhs 63,091 7.3%
Uyghurs 19,993 2.3%
Turkic Sarts 18,073 2.1%
Russians 12,485 1.5%
Jews 1,312 0.2%