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Ramdas was noted 17th-century saint and spiritual poet Maharashtra. He is most remembered for his Advaita Vedanta(Non-dualism) text Dasbodh.  Samarth Ramdas was a devotee of Lord Hanuman and Lord Rama. His birth name was Narayan Suryajipant Kulkarni.
Early life and background
Ramdas Swami was born in a Deshastha Rugvedi Brahmin family to Suryāji and Rānu-Bāi Thosar in Jāmb in Jalna District of Maharashtra on Ram Navami (the birth festival of Lord Ram), 1530 according to "Shāliwāhan Shak" calendar. His given name was Nārāyan.
As a child, Ramdas showed an inclination toward metaphysical contemplation and spirituality. When Ramdas was eight, his father died; and when he was 12, his mother arranged his marriage. However, he wanted to pursue a monastic life. He ran away in the middle of the wedding ceremony, before the marriage ceremony was completed.
During the Hindu marriage ceremony, the last word which seals the marriage is "Saavdhan" meaning, 'be careful'. Swami Ramdas interpreted that word to mean that he had to be careful not to get entangled in the bonds of Maya, and must seek Self-realization.
- Ramghal, on Sajjangad
- Morghal, at Morbag village near Sajjangad
- Tondoshi Ghal, North of Chaphal
- Taakli, near Nashik
- Chandragiri, opposite Vasantgad, near Karad
- Helwak, near Helwak village
- Shiganwadi, near Chandragiri
- Shivthar Ghal, near Mahad
For the next twelve years, Ramdas devoted himself to studying Indian spiritual scriptures, to meditation, and to prayers in a place named Takli, near Nashik on the banks of the Nandini River. At the of age 12 as soon as he ran away from his home he took the name "Ramdas", meaning "servant of Lord Ram," an incarnation of God.
Ramdas practised physical yoga exercises as well as meditation. The Surya Namaskara or Sun Salutation was his favourite as it involves every part of the body. It is said that he would do 1,200 Sun Salutations every day, believing that no spirituality could be attained if the physical body was not strong.
In addition to his veneration of Ram, Ramdas worshipped Ram's divinely strong servant Lord Hanuman. He established 11 temples of Hanuman in Maharashtra and promoted physical exercise to develop a healthy society.
Ramdas Swami was a gifted composer. He produced considerable literature in verse form in Marathi. Among his works, two compositions particularly stand out: A small book of meditations, Shri Manāche Shlok, advises ethical behaviour and love for God, and a large volume, Dasbodh, provides advice on both spiritual and practical topics. Apart from Dasbodh, Ramdas also wrote the Shri Māruti Stotra, a poem in praise of Hanuman, the AatmaaRaam, 11-Laghu Kavita and Raamayan (Marathi-Teeka).
His most popular composition is the Marathi Aarti to Lord Ganesh Sukhkartā Dukhhartā Vārtā Vighnāchi. He also composed several other Aartis such as Satrane Uddane Hunkaar Vadani to Lord Hanuman and Panchanan haivahan surabhushan lila to Lord Khandoba. Most Famous book written by Samarth Ramdas, "DASBODH" is translated in most of the prominent Indian languages, and available to readers all over the world. The original copy of DASBODH which was written by his disciple is in Thanjavur Big Mutt. This mutt was established by him when he came to south India for Sethu Himachal padayathra. This is the first mutt established by him in south India. In this mutt his own picture is there, the specialty of this picture is, he saw that picture in his lifetime directly,like we are seeing our picture and many special stories of him is there.
Samarth Ramdas had many disciples.Kalyan Swami worked as a writer for Ramdas, recording his songs and prayers. Ramdas tested him in many ways before giving him this responsible position. Other noteworthy disciples included
- Udhhaw Swami
- Vena Swami
- Akka Bai
- Bhim Swami
- Diwakar Swami
- Dinkar Swami
- Anant Buwa Ramdasi - Methavadekar
×Kalyan Swami and too Samruddha
In the 20th century, Nana Dharmadhikari, Dattatreya Dharmadhikari and Sachin Dharmadhikari have undertaken to spread the philosophy of Samarth Ramdas.
Shree Datta Darshan
- Ayyappappanikkar; Sahitya Akademi (1997). Medieval Indian Literature: An Anthology. Sahitya Akademi. pp. 368–. ISBN 978-81-260-0365-5. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
- "Diamond Maharashtra Sankritikosh (Marathi: डायमंड महाराष्ट्र संस्कृतीकोश)," Durga Dixit, Pune, India, Diamond Publications, 2009, ISBN 978-81-8483-080-4.
- "A History of the Maratha People" 1. London: Oxford University Press. 1918. pp. 183–194.
- "Shakti Saushthava शक्ती सौष्ठव" by D. G. Godse
- "Vinoba Saraswat" by Vinoba Bhave (edited by Ram Shewalkar)
- "Rajwade Lekhsangrah" by Vishwanath Kashinath Rajwade (edited by Tarkatirth Laxmanshastri Joshi)
- "Tryambak Shankar Shejwalkar Nivadak Lekhsangrah" by T S Shejwalkar (collection- H V Mote, Introduction- G D Khanolkar)
- 'Largest Database of RAMDASI SAMPRADAYA' containing ALL literature of Samarth Ramdas
- मराठीचे मानदंड स्वामी समर्थ रामदास महाराज
- 'आठवणीतली गाणी.कॉम' या संकेतस्थळावर समर्थ रामदास यांचे अभंग
- Speech given by Dr. Shivajirao Bhosale on Samartha Ramdas in Marathi
- Letter of Ramdas Swami to Shivaji Maharaj