समस्तीपुर जिलाضلع سمستی پور
|District of Bihar|
Location of Samastipur district in Bihar
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Samastipur, Ujiarpur|
|• Total||2,904 km2 (1,121 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||63.81 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||909|
|Major highways||NH28, NH 103|
Samastipur is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar in India. The district headquarters are located at Samastipur. The district occupies an area of 2904 km² and has a population of 27,16,929 (as of 2001 Census).
As per district Gazetteers, Darbhanga, pages 33 to 34 Darbhanga under the Oinwaras (1325-1525 AD), After a temporary period of instability, Darbhanga came under the control of the Oinwaras, also known as the Kameshwara Thakur or Sugauna Dynasty. These Hindu Chiefs were left undisturbed by the Muslim conquerors, who has by now conquered the whole of Mithila and whose exploits are indicated. The Oinwara Dynasty is noted for their encouragement of leaning and fine arts and their court served as the centre of Sanskrit belle's letters and philosophy. Among the prominent scholars of age were Gadadhara, Sankara, Vachaspati Mishra, Vidyapati, Amartakara and Amiykara. Kameshwara, the founder of dynasty, was resident of village Oini, near Pusa Road, in the District of Darbhanga. When Hazi Ilyas of Bengal divided Torhut into two parts, the Oinwara Raja shifted his Capital to Sugauna near Madhubani. The southern part of the district was under Hazi Ilyas and the northern part under the Oinwaras. The modern subdivision of Samastipur (originally Shamsuddinpur) was founded by Hazi Shamsuddin Ilyas of West Bengal.
Samastipur district occupies an area of 2,904 square kilometres (1,121 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to Indonesia's Muna Island. Samastipur is bounded on the north by the Bagmati River which separates it from Darbhanga district. On the west it is bordered by Vaishali and some part of Muzaffarpur district, on the south by the Ganges, while on its east it has Begusarai and some part of Khagaria district. The district headquarters is located at Samastipur.
Samastipur is traversed by a number of rivers including Budhi Gandak, Baya, Kosi, Kamla, Kareh and Jhamwari and Balan, which are both the offshoots of Burhi Gandak. The Ganges also skirts the district on the south.
samastipur district comprises the following Sub-Divisions:
- Samastipur Sadar
Samastipur sub-division comprises eight blocks: Samastipur, Tajpur, Morwa, Khanpur, Sarairanjan, Pusa, Warisnagar, Kalyanpur.
Rosera sub-division comprises 6 blocks: Rosera, Hasanpur, Bithan, Shivaji Nagar, Singhiya, Bibhutipur.
Dalsinghsarai sub-division comprises 3 blocks: Dalsinghsarai, Ujiarpur, Vidyapatinagr.
Patori sub-division comprises 3 blocks: Patori, Mohanpur, Mohiuddin Nagar
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Samastipur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Samastipur also holds Railway sub divi of East Central Railway. There are several small industries which includes Sugar Mill, Paper Mill, Jute Mill and Railway Factory. now sugar mill and paper mill is closed . But it's good that one of the major sugar mills in Hasanpur road block is still running smoothly and full fill the desire of its local people.
Samastipur is rich in agriculture, because of its fertile plain. Tobacco, maize, rice and wheat are the main crops. Leechi and mango fruits are grown in abundance.Chandchour dih village produces vegetables and Manika village grows tobacco, There is a jute mill in Samsastipur at Muktapur Village. This is very famous jute mill, employing around 5000 people. Shekhopur is one of the best agricultural villages and it also has famous temple, Bhagwatisthan at Manipur. Samastipur has many a sugar mills which make it a prominent player in state's sugar production.
Samastipur is major producer of potatoes. There are more than 20 cold storages in the district, all storing potatoes and total capacity is 650000 quintles.
Samastipur has also in race of consuming fertilizers.
According to the 2011 census Samastipur district has a population of 4,254,782, roughly equal to the Republic of the Congo or the US state of Kentucky. This gives it a ranking of 45th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,465 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,790 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.33%. Samastipur has a sex ratio of 909 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 63.81%.
Culture of Samastipur is simple, beautiful and secular . It has an old tradition of folk songs and folk famous Mithila paintings, sung and done during festival and important social occasions like marriage and birth ceremonies. Several folk dance form also practiced as Kathghorwa nach , natua nach dom domin and jhijhia .Famous Sama Chakeva and Dom kach is also practiced as a culture in this area. Bhat dal and aaloo chokha is the happiest meal for every being & dhoti kurta for man & sari and salwar kurti for women is regular dress to wear.
Thaneshwar Temple is a very famous temple of Lord Shiva, and is situated at the heart of the city. Other new temples are also popping up. There are numerous other temples as well. A very famous temple 'KHUDNESHWAR STHAN' is also there situated in the village MORWA (Mohanpur)
Durga temple in Kessopatti is one of the oldest temple. Every year on the eve of Durga Puja pilgrims come for worship. VIDYAPATI BALESHWAR Sthan (Shiva Temple) is one of the famous temple at Vidyapatinagar. Vidyapatinagar is known as the Nirvana sthali of the great Saint & Poet Vidyapati. Dekari, in Dalsinghsarai subdivision, is the place where Vidyapati took his last breath.
Mannipur Bhagwati Sthan is one of the very oldest and lively durga temple in Mannipur, Bhagwati Sthan. People come in numbers to pray Goddess durga everyday from far off places. This place makes realise your dream, takes away your sin. It is said that it is more than 200 years old temple and Panditji is a very learned Brahmin in samastipur.
KHUDNESWAR SIVA Temple located 16 km form Samastipur near Morwa block is unique example of Hindu-Muslim unity. Inside the temple within a distance of about 3 meters there is Majar of Khudno Bibi along with Shiva Linga.(The History Khudno Bibi founder of Shiva Linga) Temple is presently under renovation by local society members.Now this Place is Known as KHUDNESWAR DHAM. During Mahasivratri festival religious crowd from all corners of district are visiting this place for the prayer.famous kali temple in samastipur district situated in hrail village in mohiuddinnagar block.just besides of babu nathuni singh house.
There are many important noted people from this district in India as well as abroad. Samastipur district has produced several nationally as well as internationally recognized scientists and famous leaders, including freedom fighters and political leaders, who have occupied ministerial posts in the Government of India have been recognized .
- Shri Satya Narayan Sinha, freedom fighter and a prominent member of Indian National Congress, who was accommodated by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in his first cabinet.
- Karpuri Thakur, a socialist leader of National stature became Chief Minister of Bihar twice, first in 1967 and then in 1977. He was resident of a village later named in his memory as Karpuri Gram.
- Shilpa Singh representing India at the Miss Universe 2012 pageant to held in December 2012 at Las Vegas, USA.
- Dr. Deodutta Roy is an internationally recognized Indian-born American Cancer Scholar from the village Umaidpur of the Samastipur district. Dr. Roy received both his Master of Philosophy (1980) and PhD (1984) in Life Sciences from the Jawaharlal University, New Delhi, India and then went to USA in 1985 to do postdoctoral training. Currently, he is a Professor and founding Chair of the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health at the Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA. Dr. Roy served as a member to the International Agency for Research on Cancer Working Group in 1999 and 2005 of the World Health Organization in preparing Iarc Monographs On The Evaluation Of Carcinogenic Risks To Humans: Combined Estrogen−Progestogen Contraceptives And Combined Estrogen− Progestogen Menopausal Therapy. Dr. Roy recently received Cancer Scholar Award (2014) from the American Association of Cancer Research. He has graduated fifteen doctoral students. His graduate students are well placed in Academia, including deans, professor, associate professor and assistant professor in various US universities, Government, including FDA and the Private Sector. He is on the editorial board of seven journals, including PLOS ONE. He has published more than 100 peer reviewed papers, and edited a book published by Springer, and an Encyclopedia published by Elsevier. Some of his articles are most-cited in the field of estrogen carcinogenesis.
The district has good education facilities. It has some reputed institutions such as Samastipur College, BRB College, RNR College. St. Kabir College. S M R C K college.Dr. LKVD College. The district also boasts of a very reputed Agricultural College in Pusa, well known as Rajendra Agricultural University Pusa.
- Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
- Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
- "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Muna 2,889km2"
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Congo, Republic of the 4,243,929"
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Kentucky 4,339,367"
- Samastipur Information Portal
- Samastipur District Official Website
- Samastipur District Profile
- Official site of Rajendra Agricultural University