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The Samavartana (Sanskrit: समावर्तन, Samāvartana), also known as Snāna, is a usual Hindu sacramental ritual (Saṃskāra) that was performed at the close of the Brahmacharya period and marked the end termination of the student life.[1] It signifies a person's entry into grihastashrama.

In the past, students leaving the gurukula would, at this stage, be given a second yajnopavitam to wear. In modern South India, this ceremonial entry to grihastashrama usually done just before or on the day of marriage.


  1. ^ For definition of Samāvartana, and alternate term Snāna, see: Pandey 1969, p. 146.


  • Pandey, Rajbali (1969), Hindu Saṁskāras: Socio-Religious Study of the Hindu Sacraments (Second Revised ed.), Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 81-208-0434-1