|Origin||São Paulo, Brazil|
|Genres||Samba, Bossa nova, Jazz|
|Labels||Som Maior, RCA, Audio Fidelity, Elenco|
|Members||Cesar Camargo Mariano
Sambalanço Trio is a Brazilian samba-jazz group formed by Cesar Camargo Mariano (piano), Humberto Clayber (bass) and Airto Moreira (drums). The band started to play in 1964 and lasted for about two years. However, its albums are considered some of the most important works of that period and influenced many other groups of samba and jazz.
The group was created in 1964, in São Paulo, Brazil. They played in the opening show of João Sebastião Bar, one of the foremost Bossa Nova nightclubs in the city, where they became the favourite attraction. In this same nightclub, the group met the American dancer Lennie Dale, a future collaborator. The Sambalanço Trio offered a fusion of Bossa Nova and Jazz, which became a cornerstone of Brazilian popular music of the period.
In the same year the band was formed, it released two albums: the first was named Sambalanço Trio; the second, Samblues. In 1965, they joined musician Raul de Souza and recorded À vontade mesmo. Still in 1965, the group recorded its fourth album, Reencontro com Sambalanço Trio.
In 1965, Sambalanço Trio with Lennie Dale collaborated in a theatrical presentation performed in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo for eight months. This work was recorded later and released as Lennie Dale & Sambalanço Trio no Zum Zum, earning awards by Jornal do Brasil as Best Album and Best Show.
Sambalanço Trio went their separate ways in 1965. Immediately after, Airto Moreira founded the Quarteto Novo with Hermeto Pascoal and later moved to the United States with his wife and singer Flora Purim, starting a successful solo career. Cesar Camargo Mariano became a member of Som Três and an arranger for singers Wilson Simonal and Elis Regina. Humberto Clayber continued playing in other samba-jazz bands.
Sambalanço Trio's members also played together in other bands. Moreira and Clayber played in Sambrasa Trio around 1965.
- 1964: Sambalanço Trio (Audio Fidelity)
- 1965: Improviso Negro (Ubatuqui)
- 1965: À vontade mesmo (RCA), with Raul de Souza
- 1965: Reencontro com Sambalanço Trio (Som Maior)
- 1965: Lennie Dale & Sambalanço Trio no Zum Zum (Elenco), with Lennie Dale
- "Sambalanço Trio". Cliquemusic (in Portuguese). Retrieved 20 December 2009.
- Vallier, John. "Biography: Sambalanço Trio". Allmusic. Retrieved 20 December 2009.
- "Sambalanço Trio: Dados Históricos". Dicionário Cravo Albin da Música Popular Brasileira (in Portuguese). Retrieved 20 December 2009.[dead link]
- "Sambalanço Trio: Discografia". Dicionário Cravo Albin da Música Popular Brasileira (in Portuguese). Retrieved 20 December 2009.[dead link]
- Discography: Sambalanço Trio. Allmusic. Retrieved 3 July 2013.