|Founded by||Prithviraj Chauhan|
|• Total||16 km2 (6 sq mi)|
|Elevation||293 m (961 ft)|
|• Total||22 lakh (approx)|
|• Density||11,433/km2 (29,610/sq mi)|
|• Official||Hindi and Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||(+91) (05923)|
|Vehicle registration||UP 38 Old registration = UP 21 (Till 2011)|
Sambhal district, which had population of around 22 lakh, was carved out of Moradabad district in September 2011. It consists of three tehsils — Sambhal and Chandausi, taken from Moradabad, and Gunnaur, taken from Badaun. Sambhal is famous for its own kind of horn and bone craft items which is manufactured in Saraitareen 4 km away from Sambhal city (but included in sambhal) which are being exported.
In the late 12th century, Sambhal was the capital of Prithviraj Chauhan, the King of Hindu Kshatriya Chauhan (Chauhamana) dynasty, until he changed his capital to Delhi and Ajmer. In the late 15th and early 16th centuries, the second ruler of the Afghan Lodi Dynasty, Sikandar Lodi made Sambhal one of his provincial capitals. During the reign of the third Mughal Emperor, Akbar, Sambhal was a 'Sarkar' in the 'Subah' of Delhi and had a brick fort. Babur, the first Mughal ruler, kept the foundation stone of Sambhal's Jama masjid.
Attractions and famous temples
- Kalki Mandir This is a Hindu temple of Shri Kalki Bhagwan at holy city of Sambhal. It is believed that Shri Kalki Bhagwan shall born here in this city to remove devils from this Earth when Kalyug shall be at its peak.
- Suraj Kund Mandir This temple is famous of having a kund in the compound and have a temple of Surya around that kund. Temple compound is huge and composrises many Hindu idols inside it. Temple also have a once in a year festival called Surajkund ki Feri, organized every year after diwali.
- Manokamna Mandir This temple is again having a huge compound and is famous for fulfilling the wishes of the believers who come here for the prayers.
- Gauri Shaya Mandir Situated in Kot East area this temple is not very old as compared to temples of Surajkund and Manokamna, but has been maintained very well and have very nice attractive Hindu idols.
- Chemnath Teerth This temple is situated on Moradabad road and has a samadhi of Chemnath baba, its main visited on a Thursday where people come for wishes and pay tribute to baba in form of a cotton sheet.
- Singhpur Teerth This is a newly build temple after a Shiv Ling was found during a construction in a village. It suddenly got popularity and is now a famous Shiva temple, also it has a very nice pond inside the temple premises.
There are other popular temples as well like Punjabi Mandir, Bankhandan ka Mandir, Raisatti ka Mandir, Sai baba mandir, Chawhatteshwar Mandir etc.
Sambhal is believed to have 68 theerths, 36 pura's, 52 sarai and is said if having a river around so it would be the Gaya of U.P.
Sambhal features an atypical version of the humid subtropical climate. The warm season lasts from 9 April to 8 August with an average daily high temperature above 36 °C (97 °F). The hottest day of the year is 22 May, with an average high of 38 °C (100 °F) and low of 25 °C (77 °F). The cold season lasts from 11 December to 11 February with an average daily high temperature below 18 °C (64 °F). The coldest day of the year is 4 January, with an average low of 2 °C (36 °F) and high of 15 °C (59 °F). In early March, the wind direction changes from north-westerly to south-westerly. From March to May the weather is hot. The monsoon arrives at the end of June, along with an increase in humidity. The brief, mild winter starts in late November, peaks in January and heavy fog often occurs.
Temperatures in Sambhal usually range from 5 to 40 °C (41.0 to 104.0 °F), with the lowest and highest temperatures ever recorded being 2.0 and 47.8 °C (19.9 and 118.0 °F) respectively. The annual mean temperature is 25 °C (77 °F); monthly mean temperatures range from 13 to 32 °C (55 to 90 °F). The highest temperature recorded in July was 45 °C (113 °F) in 1931. The average annual rainfall is approximately 714 mm (28.1 in), most of which falls during the monsoon in July and August. The average date of the advent of monsoon winds in Sambhal is 29 June.
Major trades in Sambhal city are Menthol produce and its side products. In its sub city Sarai-tareen handicrafts of horns are being made and exported to various countries. Apart from this Sambhal is majorly dependent on the agriculture produce hence a little production of agricultural equipments is also done on a small scale. Sambhal also has a lot of brick factories around.
Higher and Professional Education
Institutions imparting a great deal of higher education in Sambhal are mainly government degree colleges. These include:
- Mahatma Gandhi Memorial (Post-Graduate) College
- Government Degree College (राजकीय महाविद्यालय सम्भल)
- Azad Girls Degree College
Recently, Maulana Azad National Urdu University, a Central University by the Act of Parliament of India, established its sub-regional centre in Sambhal. The centre is housed in Al-Tareen ITI Campus, Sambhal. The MANUU centre in sambhal is providing education in professional and semi-professional disciplines.
Another distance learning center of Centre for Distance Education, Aligarh Muslim University is stationed in Madarsa Sirajul Uloom providing education in courses like B.A.(Honors), B.Com (Honors) etc.
Secondary education (Pre-University) is well flourished in Sambhal. A host of institutions provide a great deal of variety in education with factors like diversity in medium of pedagogy, affiliation to different education board, financial affordability, distance etc. Given below is detailed account of schools based on their affiliation with educational boards:
State Board Institutions
These institutions constitute a class of schools or intermediate (pre-university) colleges that are governed by mandates and under guidance of apex education body of state government i.e. Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad. Latter is commonly known as UP Board. The institutions in this category are:
- Al-Qadeer Higher Secondary School, Sambhal
- Hind Inter College
- S.B.S.J. Inter College
- T.H Inter college Mehmood khan sarai
- Arya Samaj Inter College
- Faiz Girls Inter College
- B. D.Inter College
- Z.U. Inter College
- Government Girls Inter College (राजकीय कन्या इण्टर कॉलेज)
- A.M.H.R.S. Inter College
- Chandawali Inter College, Singhpur Sani
- Radha Krishna Inter College, Dhansoli
Above institutions impart education in Hindi or Urdu medium.
Central Board Institutions
These institutions are affiliated to those boards (CBSE, ICSE) that fall under ambit of federal government of India. Most of these impart education in English medium.
- Mother Public School,Mian Sarai
- Blooming Buds, Joya Road
- Bal Vidya Mandir Sr. Sec. School
- Saint Jeelani Public School
- Doon Modern School
- Sanatan Public School
- Saraswati Vidhya Mandir Sr. Secondary School
- St.Amtul Public School
- St Mary's Secondary School
- Mumtaz Modern Public School
- Blooming Buds Co. Ed. School,Joya Road
- Horizon Public School, Sambhal
- St. Anthony's Senior Secondary School, Dugawar, Asmoli
- Allama Iqbal Modern Public School Miyan Sarai,Sambhal
- Mission International Academy
Oriental and Theological Institutions
- Madarsa Ahle-Sunnat Qadeer-ul-Uloom Husainiya Ashrafiya, Mandi Kishan Das Sarai
- Madarsa Ajmal Uloom, Arya Samaj Road
- Madrasa Islamiya Arabiya Siraj-ul-Uloom, Hilali Sarai
- Madarsa Darul Uloom Husainiya, Delhi Road, Fateh Ullah Sarai
- Ain-i-Akbari, Vol II, Tr.H.S. Jarrett, Atlantic Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi, repr., 1989. p. 295.