Sambhar Lake Town

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Sambhar Lake Town
city
Sambhar Lake Town is located in Rajasthan
Sambhar Lake Town
Sambhar Lake Town
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 26°55′N 75°12′E / 26.92°N 75.2°E / 26.92; 75.2Coordinates: 26°55′N 75°12′E / 26.92°N 75.2°E / 26.92; 75.2
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Jaipur
Elevation 367 m (1,204 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 22,293
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Sambhar (officially known as Sambhar Lake Town) is a city and a municipality in Jaipur district in the Indian state of Rajasthan.

Geography[edit]

Its importance is primarily because of it is situated along the Sambhar Lake, the largest saline lake in India.The lake is actually an extensive saline wetland, with water depths fluctuating from as few as 60 centimetres (24 in) during the dry season to about 3 meters (10 ft) after the monsoon season. It occupies an area of 190 to 230 square kilometers, based on the season. It is an elliptically shaped lake 35.5 km long with a breadth varying between 3 km and 11 km. It is located in Nagaur and Jaipur districts and it also borders the Ajmer district. The circumference of the lake is 96 km, surrounded on all sides by the Aravali hills. The Sambhar lake basin is divided by a 5.1 km long dam made of sand stone. After salt water reaches a certain concentration, it will be released from the west side to the eastern side by lifting dam gates. To the east of the dam are salt evaporation ponds where salt has been farmed for a thousand years. This eastern area is 80 km². and comprises salt reservoirs, canals and salt pans separated by narrow widges. To the east of the dam is a railroad, built by the British (before India’s independence) to provide access from Sambhar Lake City to the salt works. The Indian epic Mahabharata mentions the Sambhar lake as part of the kingdom of the demon king Brishparva, as the place where his priest Sukracharya lived, and as the place where the marriage between his daughter, Devayani, and King Yayati took place.[citation needed] A temple dedicated to Devayani can be seen near the lake. According to a local tradition, Shakambhari Devi, the tutelary goddess of Chauhan Rajputs and the consort of Lord Shiva, in return for some service done to her, converted a dense forest into a plain of silver. Subsequently, at the request of the inhabitants who dreaded the greed and strife which such a possession would excite, she transformed it into the lake. The name of the lake stems from a corruption of her name, which happened around the sixth century.[1] The lake shore still has a temple dedicated to Shakambhari Devi. A number of sculptures from Sambhar are present at the Albert Hall Museum.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[1] Sambhar had a population of 22,293. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Sambhar has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 53%. In Sambhar, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Local Fairs[edit]

Famous personalities[edit]

  • Sh. Kanahiya Lal Verma - Artist
  • Dr. Randheer Singh
  • Yogi Raman Nath

Institutions[edit]

Library[edit]

  • Sambhar Town Hall Library

Education[edit]

Hospital[edit]

  • Govt Hospital (General) aka chota Haspatal
  • Govt Hospital (Janana) aka Janana Haspatal
  • Sambhar Salt Hospital aka bada Haspatal

Public transport[edit]

Train[edit]

  • 54811/54812 Bhopal - Jodhpur Express connects the town with Jaipur, Kota, Bhopal, Sawai Madhopur, Makrana, Dengana etc.
  • 14853/14854/14863/14864 Varanasi - Jodhpur Marudhar Express connects the city with Varanasi, Lucknow, Agra, Jaipur etc
  • 22981/22982 Kota - Hanumangarh Express from Kota via. Bikaner to Hanumangarh via. Suratgarh
  • Sambhar Lake Railway Station
  • Phulera Railway Station

Bus[edit]

  • RSRTC Bus Stand

Religious places[edit]

  • Ma Shakambhri Temple
  • Devyani Ji Sarovar
  • Sarmishta Ji Sarovar
  • Lakshmi Narayan Ji Temple
  • Yuvraj Yadav
  • Hagrat Husamudeen Chisti (The grandson of Sufi Sant Moheenudeen Chisti of Ajmer) Dargah
  • Sukh Sagar Ashram
  • Dadu Dayalji

How to reach[edit]

Train : There are several trains options for to/from Sambhar Lake, Nearby station Phulera also provide more train options.

Trains to/from Sambhar Lake Railway Station:

No. Name Type Zone PF Departure_Days Sch
9733 Sri Ganganagar- Kota Exp NWR 1 SMTWTFS 4:15
59706 Jaipur Jn-Suratgarh Pass NWR 1 SMTWTFS 7:02
12467 Bikaner Jaipur Inter SF NWR 1 SMTWTFS 11:10
54811 Bhopal Jodhpur Passe Pass NWR 1 SMTWTFS 11:52
14853 Marudhar Express Exp NWR 1 STT 12:39
14865 Marudhar Express Exp NWR 1 F 12:39
14863 Marudhar Express Exp NWR 1 MWS 12:39
14854 Marudhar Express Exp NWR 1 MTS 13:47
14864 Marudhar Express Exp NWR 1 STF 13:47
14866 Marudhar Express Exp NWR 1 W 13:47
54812 Jodhpur Bhopal Passe Pass NWR 1 SMTWTFS 14:29
12468 Jaipur Bikaner Inter SF NWR 1 SMTWTFS 16:04
59705 Suratgarh Jn-Jaipur Pass NWR 1 SMTWTFS 19:13
9734 Kota - Sri Ganga Nagar Exp NWR 1 SMTWTFS 22:57

In popular culture[edit]

For film Delhi-6 directed by Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra, production designer Samir Chanda, recreated inner lanes of Old Delhi at Sambhar town as it has similar architecture. Later for some scenes, historic Jama Masjid was digitally added to the frame as a backdrop.[2] There are done many; films shootings like 1-JODHA AKBAR 2-DELHI-6 3-VEER 4-DRONA Sambhar lake belongs to Prathviraj chohan, there is a fort of the king.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  2. ^ Deepanjana Pal (September 2013). "Places Other Than This". The Big Indian Picture. Retrieved 2013-12-06.