Sambir

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Sambir
Самбір
Sambor
City of regional significance
Central square
Central square
Flag of Sambir
Flag
Coat of arms of Sambir
Coat of arms
Sambir is located in Lviv Oblast
Sambir
Sambir
Sambir is located in Ukraine
Sambir
Sambir
Coordinates: 49°31′0″N 23°12′10″E / 49.51667°N 23.20278°E / 49.51667; 23.20278Coordinates: 49°31′0″N 23°12′10″E / 49.51667°N 23.20278°E / 49.51667; 23.20278
Country Ukraine
Oblast Lviv Oblast
Municipality Sambir
Population (2012)
 • Total 35,002
Time zone +2 GMT
Postal code 81400
Area code(s) +380-3236

Sambir (Ukrainian: Самбір, Polish: Sambor) is a city in the Lviv Oblast, Ukraine. Serving as the administrative center of the Sambir Raion (district), the city itself is also designated as a separate raion within the oblast. It is located at around 49°31′0″N 23°12′10″E / 49.51667°N 23.20278°E / 49.51667; 23.20278, close to the border with Poland.

History[edit]

Main article: History of Sambir

The settlement called Pohonych was first mentioned in the 13th century, when it was destroyed by the Tatars. The inhabitants founded a new village, called New Sambir, about two km (1.2 miles) from the old place. On 13 December 1390, the village was granted the Magdeburg rights, and was then owned by voivode Spytek of Melsztyn. On 5 June 1419 Polish King Władysław Jagiełło built there a wooden castle. In 1498, the city was destroyed by the Tatars, and because of that, King Jan I Olbracht released it from taxes. In 1637, the city partly burnt down, together with a local church. Famous Ukrainian cossacks - hetman Petro Konashevych-Sahaidachny and Yuriy Kulchytsky were born 7 km (4.35 mi) away from the city - in the village of Kulchytsi. Petro Sagaydachnyi played a major role in helping the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth win battle of Khotyn (1621), and led a large Cossack regiment in the war with Moscow.

In 1772, Sambir was annexed by the Austrian Empire (see: Partitions of Poland), and it remained part of that country until 1918, when the area of the city saw Polish - Ukrainian fights over Eastern Galicia.

Austrian 10 heller stamps cancelled in 1901 with the Polish name

In 1919, Sambir, known in Polish as Sambor, became part of the Second Polish Republic, until its 1939 annexation by the Soviet Union (see Polish September Campaign). From 1941 to 1944, Nazi Germany occupied the town and in June 1943 declared it 'Judenrein'. After World War II, it was taken over by the Soviets, formally joining the Ukrainian SSR. It was home to Sambir air base during the Cold War. It has been part of independent Ukraine since 1991.

Sambir was home for number of famous Ukrainian writers, poets, and actors, including:

Climate[edit]

The average annual temperature in Sambor is between 8 to 10 °C (46 to 50 °F). There is a fairly mild Winter, with thaws, sometimes without snow cover ( for winter precipitation typical minimum amount per year, although they are in the form of rain and snow falls often),in Sambor. Spring is long, sometimes lengthy, windy, cool, very wet. Summer is warm, hot, a little wet and a little rainy. Autumn is warm, sunny and dry (usually lasts until the first of November). The average temperature of the coldest month (January ) is −4 °C (25 °F), the average temperature in July - 28 °C (82 °F). The winter 2013-2014 was extremely warm. The average temperature in December stood at 1 °C (34 °F), minimum −7 °C (19 °F), and maximum 9 °C (48 °F). Also, the snow cover at all this month was observed.

Notable people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Sambir is twinned with:

External links[edit]