Sambucus javanica

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Chinese elder
Sambucus chinensis 1.JPG
Chinese elder
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Adoxaceae
Genus: Sambucus
Species: S. javanica
Binomial name
Sambucus javanica
Reinw. ex Blume[1]
Synonyms[2][3]
  • Sambucus chinensis Lindl.
  • S. c. var. formosana (Nakai) H.Hara
  • S. formosana Nakai
  • S. hookeri Rehder
  • S. javanica subsp. chinensis (Lindl.) Fukuoka

Sambucus javanica (Chinese elder) is a species of Elderberry in the family Adoxaceae native to subtropical and tropical Asia. It is found naturally in Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, China (except in the north), India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia (in Sabah), the Philippines, southern Thailand, and Vietnam.[3][2] It is a perennial herb or a small shrub 1–2 m (3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in) tall.[3]

Parts of the plant are used locally, variously as analgesics, blood purifiers, bowel and bladder stimulants, or even for poison.[4] It is also believed to be an aid against numbness, rheumatism, spasms, swelling, and trauma, as well as for general bone and circulatory health.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ This species was first described and published in Bijdragen tot de Flora van Nederlandsch Indie 13: 657. 1826 "Plant Name Details for Sambucus javanica". IPNI. Retrieved 10 May 2011. 
  2. ^ a b USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program (May 19, 2011). "Sambucus javanica at NPGS/GRIN". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Deyuan Hong, Qiner Yang, Valéry Malécot & David E. Boufford. "Sambucus javanica". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b James A. Duke. "Sambucus javanica (CAPRIFOLIACEAE)". Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. Retrieved 10 May 2011.